Logic of Social Research

ISBN-10: 0226774929
ISBN-13: 9780226774923
Edition: 2005
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Description: Arthur L. Stinchcombe has earned a reputation as a leading practitioner of methodology in sociology and related disciplines. Throughout his distinguished career he has championed the idea that to be an effective sociologist, one must use many  More...

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Book details

List price: $31.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 7/1/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 344
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

Arthur L. Stinchcombe has earned a reputation as a leading practitioner of methodology in sociology and related disciplines. Throughout his distinguished career he has championed the idea that to be an effective sociologist, one must use many methods. This incisive work introduces students to the logic of those methods. "The Logic of Social Research orients students to a set of logical problems that all methods must address to study social causation. Almost all sociological theory asserts that some social conditions produce other social conditions, but the theoretical links between causes and effects are not easily supported by observation. Observations cannot directly show causation, but they can reject or support causal theories with different degrees of credibility. As a result, sociologists have created four main types of methods that Stinchcombe terms "quantitative, "historical, "ethnographic, and "experimental to support their theories. Each method has value, and each has its uses for different research purposes. Accessible and astute, "The Logic of Social Research offers an image of what sociology is, what it's all about, and what the craft of the sociologist consists of.

Preface and Acknowledgments
Methods for Sociology and Related Disciplines
What Kind of Theory Do Sociologists Study?
The Formation of Methodological Factions
An Outline of the Argument
The Centrality of Distances in Study
Design for Causal Theories
Economy in Data Collection
Using Data to Refine Concepts and "Measurements" of Concepts
Differences and Distances between Contexts
Contexts Shaping Causal Processes
Using Data to Find Mechanisms and Processes
Relation of Such Process Concepts to Concepts of Units of Analysis
Problem VI: Testing Theories by Testing Hypotheses with Data
Using Data to Refine Theories Self-Evaluation
Distances as Central to Causal Reasoning and Methods
The Minimum Piece of Causal Information Is Two Distances Difference, Distance, Units, Causes within Units Closer and Farther: Numbers, Lines, and Curves
The Centrality of Distances in Later Chapters of This Book
The Basic Structure of Economy in Social Research
The Centrality of Distances in Study Design
Differences among Cultures or Societies
Intensity of Observation Sparse Fields and the Expense of Getting a Grip on a Case Stinchcombe Methods
Slavery Short Version Clemens Books
Short Version Theoretical Methods to Increase Economies in Data Collection
Theory Allowing One to Use Data from a "Lower" Level
The Theoretical Penumbra and Exploratory Research
Getting Unconfounded Distances When Not to Follow my Advice on Sampling Extreme Cases Intensively "Nearby"
Theories and the Value of Data Process
Data Becker Short Version Context
Appendix: General Note on American "Random" Samples
Using Data to Refine Concepts of Distances between Units of Analysis "Sensitizing Concepts” and Improving Them
Institutionalized Definitions
"Informal" Institutions Methodological Implications of the Examples
Extending the Notion Distances between Situations Quantitative and Qualitative Distances
Exemplification of Discrete Variables
Stinchcombe Logic of Analogy Short Version
The Opposite End: Exact Concepts
Criteria for Good Concepts with Good Measurements
Stinchcombe Psychology of Rebellion Short Version Uses of Exactness
Principles of Refining Concepts of Distances
Refining Concepts about Contexts
Concepts about Context, and Context-Specific Concepts
Books for Context, Articles for Causation with Assumed Context
Contexts to Study Meanings
The Relation of Context to Distances between Units of Analysis Periodization and Localization in Historical Sociology Clemens
Time Short Version Geographical and Temporal Boundaries of Context
Exactness of Concepts of Context
Institutions as Contexts of Organizations Schneiberg-Clemens
Institutionalism Methods
Short Version Concepts and Variables about Contexts
Summary on Concepts of Context
Units of Analysis and Mechanisms: Turning Causes into Effects
The Interdependence of Concepts and Units of Analysis
Abbott Short Version Investigating Analogies and Their Causal Meaning Analogies between Distances as the Core of Analogies between Units of Analysis
An Example of a Mechanism Paper
Five Main Kinds of Mechanisms and Units of Analysis
Stinchcombe Mechanisms Short Version
A Basic Mechanism with Variants: Complex Cultural Objects, Their Creators, and Their Users
Methodological Strategy on Texts, Discourse, and Reception Objects and Actions, Griswold and the Artist-Audience
Relation Griswold Short Version
Back to Books versus Articles Reception versus Production
Scholarly Citations as Evidence of "Serious" Reception Interpretation
Explanation by Interpretation
Summary: M

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