Language Universals and Linguistic Typology Syntax and Morphology

ISBN-10: 0226114333
ISBN-13: 9780226114330
Edition: 2nd
Authors: Bernard Comrie
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Description: Since its first publication, Language Universals and Linguistic Typology has become established as the leading introductory account of one of the most productive areas of linguistics—the analysis, comparison, and classification of the common  More...

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Book details

List price: $30.00
Edition: 2nd
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 7/15/1989
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 275
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.792
Language: English

Since its first publication, Language Universals and Linguistic Typology has become established as the leading introductory account of one of the most productive areas of linguistics—the analysis, comparison, and classification of the common features and forms of the organization of languages. Adopting an approach to the subject pioneered by Greenberg and others, Bernard Comrie is particularly concerned with syntactico-semantic universals, devoting chapters to word order, case making, relative clauses, and causative constructions. His book is informed throughout by the conviction that an exemplary account of universal properties of human language cannot restrict itself to purely formal aspects, nor focus on analysis of a single language. Rather, it must also consider language use, relate formal properties to testable claims about cognition and cognitive development, and treat data from a wide range of languages. This second edition has been revised and updated to take full account of new research in universals and typology in the past decade, and more generally to consider how the approach advocated here relates to recent advances in generative grammatical theory.

Preface to the second edition
Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second printing
Language Universals
Approaches to Language Universals
Two major approaches
The data base
Degrees of abstractness
Classification of Language Universals
Formal and substantive universals
Implicational and non-implicational universals
Absolute universals and tendencies
Explanations for Language Universals
Common genetic origin
External explanations
Summary Notes and references
Language Typology
Typology and Universals
Typological Parameters
Morphological Typology
Some Further Typological Parameters Notes and references
Theoretical Prerequisites
Semantic Roles
Pragmatic Roles
Grammatical Relations
Morphological Cases
Illustration: English and Russian Clause Structure Notes and references
Word Order
Word Order Parameters
Correlations Among Word Order Parameters
Greenberg's correlations
Generalizations of Greenberg's results
Critique of the generalizations
The Value of Word Order Typology Notes and references
Subject
The Problem
On Definitions and Categories
Ergativity
Semantic and Pragmatic Factors Notes and references
Case Marking
The Discriminatory Function of Cases
Natural Information Flow in the Transitive Construction
Inverse forms
Differential marking of A and P
Summary Notes and References
Relative Clauses
Some Typological Characteristics of English Relative Clauses
Types of Relative Clause
Defining the notion relative clause
Word order and relative clause types
The role of the head in the relative clause
The role of the head in the main clause
Accessibility to Relative Clause Formation
Simplex sentences
Complex constructions
The distribution of relative clause types Notes and references
Causative Constructions
Parameters in the Study of Causative Constructions
Formal parameters
Semantic parameters
Valency Changes in Morphological Causatives Notes and references
Animacy
Introduction: The Nature of Animacy
Phenomena Controlled by Animacy
Conceptual Animacy Distinctions
Conclusions: The Nature of Animacy Notes and references
Typological and Historical Linguistics
Diachronic Dimensions in Universals and Typology
Areal Typology
Typology and Reconstruction
Word order typology
Word order and morpheme order
Typology and Diachronic Explanation Notes and references
Conclusions and Prospects Map showing location of languages cited References
Index of languages
Index of proper names
Index of topics

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