Wartime President Executive Influence and the Nationalizing Politics of Threat

ISBN-10: 022604839X
ISBN-13: 9780226048390
Edition: 2013
List price: $32.00 Buy it from $21.80
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Description: “It is the nature of war to increase the executive at the expense of the legislative authority,” wrote Alexander Hamilton in the Federalist Papers. The balance of power between Congress and the president has been a powerful thread throughout  More...

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Book details

List price: $32.00
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 8/14/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 368
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.122

“It is the nature of war to increase the executive at the expense of the legislative authority,” wrote Alexander Hamilton in the Federalist Papers. The balance of power between Congress and the president has been a powerful thread throughout American political thought since the time of the Founding Fathers. And yet, for all that has been written on the topic, we still lack a solid empirical or theoretical justification for Hamilton’s proposition.           For the first time, William G. Howell, Saul P. Jackman, and Jon C. Rogowski systematically analyze the question. Congress, they show, is more likely to defer to the president’s policy preferences when political debates center on national rather than local considerations. Thus, World War II and the post-9/11 wars in Afghanistan and Iraq significantly augmented presidential power, allowing the president to enact foreign and domestic policies that would have been unattainable in times of peace. But, contrary to popular belief, there are also times when war has little effect on a president’s influence in Congress. The Vietnam and Gulf Wars, for instance, did not nationalize our politics nearly so much, and presidential influence expanded only moderately.           Built on groundbreaking research, The Wartime President offers one of the most significant works ever written on the wartime powers presidents wield at home.

List of Tables and Figures
Preface
Acknowledgments
Background
War and the American Presidency
A Notion Expressed
A Notion Evaluated
Sifting Through the Claims
Quantitative Studies on War and Presidential Power
Moving Forward
Theorizing About Interbranch Bargaining During War
The Policy Priority Model
Theoretical Building Blocks: Policies, Outcomes, and Interbranch Bargaining
The Model
Nontechnical Summary
Conclusion
The Model's Predictions about Modern U.S. Wars
Defining War
Which Equilibrium Are We Playing?
Measuring the Prioritization of National Outcomes
Characterizing the Wars
Key Expectations
Competing Explanations
A Closing Note on Theory Testing
Empirical Investigations
Spending In War and In Peace
Data
Primary Analyses
Strategic Proposal Making
Distinguishing Between Two Theoretically Informed Causal Mechanisms
A Comment On Endogenous War Making
Conclusion
Voting In War and In Peace
Data and Methods
Post-9/11 Wars and the 107th Congress
Earlier Wars
World War I and the Relevance of Stateside Attacks
War and Other Crises
Conclusion
Case Studies I: Illustrations
The First Total War
Pearl Harbor and National Labor Policy
Roosevelt and All the Resplendence of a Wartime Presidency
The Immigration Provisions of the USA Patriot Act
Final Remarks
Case Studies II: Challenges
The Federal Government Enters the Public Education Business
The Great Society and the 1965 Decision to Send Ground Troops Into Vietnam
Bush's Wartime Effort to Reform Social Security
Final Remarks
Conclusion
Summaries, Speculations, and Extensions
Holes and Extensions
The Future of War
A Future for the Policy Priority Model
Appendixes
Technical Details, Chapter 2
Alternative Bridging Criteria, Chapter 5
Summary Tables, Chapter 5
Robustness Checks, Chapter 5
Alternative Estimation Procedures
Alternative Interest Group Bridges
Changes In the Agenda
Subsets of Roll Call Votes
Defining the Beginning of War
Rising Conservatism and War
Placebo Tests
Bibliography
Index

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