Social Problems

ISBN-10: 0205788084

ISBN-13: 9780205788088

Edition: 12th 2011

List price: $133.33
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Book details

List price: $133.33
Edition: 12th
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 9/20/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 672
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.596
Language: English

In This Section
Brief
Comprehensive
Brief Table of Contents
Political Economy of Social Problems
The Sociological Approach to Social Problems
Wealth and Power: the Bias of the System
Problems of People, the Environment, and Location
World Population and Global Inequality
Threats to the Environment
Demographic Changes in the United States: the Browning and Graying of Society
Problems of Place: Urban, Suburban, and Rural
Problems of Inequality
Poverty
Racial and Ethnic Inequality
Gender Inequality
Sexual Orientation
Disability and Ableism
Social Structure and Individual Deviance
Crime and Justice
Drugs
Institutional Problems
The Economy and Work
Families
Education
The Health Care System
National Security in the Twenty-First Century
Solutions
Progressive Plan to Solve Social Problems
Comprehensive Table of Contents
Political Economy of Social Problems
The Sociological Approach to Social Problems
History of Social Problems Theory
Toward a Definition of Social Problems
Types of Social Problems
Norm Violations
Social Conditions
The Sociological Imagination
Social Structure as the Basic Unit of Analysis
Person-Blame Approach versus System-Blame Approach
Reasons for Focusing on the System-Blame Approach
Sociological Methods: the Craft of Sociology
Sociological Questions
Problems in Collecting Data
Sources of Data
Organization of the Book
Wealth and Power: the Bias of the System
U.S. Economy: Concentration of Corporate Wealth
Monopolistic Capitalism
Transnational Corporations
Concentration of Wealth
Political System: Links between Wealth and Power
Government by Interest Groups
Financing of Political Campaigns
Candidate Selection Process
Bias of the Political System
Consequences of Concentrated Power
Subsidies to Big Business
Trickle-Down Solutions
The Powerless Bear the Burden
Foreign Policy for Corporate Benefit
Reprise: the Best Democracy Money Can Buy
Problems of People, the Environment, and Location
World Population and Global Inequality
World Population Growth
Demographic Transition
Family Planning
Societal Changes
Poverty
Food and Hunger
Sickness and Disease
The New Slavery
Concentration of Misery in Cities
U.S. Relations with the Developing World
Transnational Corporations
United States in the Global Village
Threats to the Environment
Worldwide Environmental Problems
Degradation of the Land
Environmental Pollution and Degradation
Global Environmental Crises
Fossil Fuel Dependence, Waste, and Environmental Degradation
Destruction of the Tropical Rain Forests and Other Forms of Deforestation
Global Warming
Sources of U.S. Environmental Problems
Cultural Sources
Structural Sources
Solutions to the Environmental Crises
Probusiness Voluntaristic Approach
Egalitarian/Authoritarian Plan
Control of Resource Use
International Implications of Environmental Problems
Demographic Changes in the United States: the Browning and Graying of Society
Profile of the U.S. Population
New Immigration and the Changing Racial Landscape
Immigration and Increasing Diversity
Consequences of the New Immigration
Immigration and Agency
Effects of Immigration on Immigrants: Ethnic Identity or Assimilation?
The Aging Society
Demographic Trend
Demographic Portrait of the Current Elderly Population
Problems of an Aging Society
Social Security
Paying for Health Care
Elderly Abuse
Responses by the Elderly
Problems of Place: Urban, Suburban, and Rural
Urban Problems
Urban Job Loss
Disinvestment
Federal Abandonment
Urban Poverty
Urban Housing Crisis
Decaying Infrastructure
Transportation, Pollution, and the Environment
Health and Health Care
Urban Schools
Crime, Drugs, and Gangs
Suburban Problems
Suburban Sprawl
Automobile Dependency
Social Isolation in the Suburbs
Rural Problems
Poverty
Jobs in Rural Areas
Environment
Health Care and Delivery
Small-Town Decline
Crime and Illicit Drugs
Problems of Inequality
Poverty
Extent of Poverty
Racial Minorities
Nativity
Gender
Age
Place
The New Poor
The Working Poor
The Near Poor
The Severely Poor
Myths about Poverty
Refusal to Work
Welfare Dependency
The Poor Get Special Advantages
Welfare Is an African American and Latino Program
Causes of Poverty
Deficiency Theories
Structural Theories
Costs of Poverty
Elimination of Poverty
Racial and Ethnic Inequality
How to Think About Racial and Ethnic Inequality
Racial and Ethnic Minorities
Racial Categories
Differences among Ethnic Groups
Explanations of Racial and Ethnic Inequality
Deficiency Theories
Bias Theories
Structural Discrimination Theories
Discrimination Against African Americans and Latinos: Continuity and Change
Income
Education
Unemployment
Type of Employment
Health
Contemporary Trends and Issues in U.S. Racial and Ethnic Relations
Growing Racial Strife
More Racially Based Groups and Activities
Social and Economic Isolation in U.S. Inner Cities
Racial Policies in the New Century
Gender Inequality
Women and Men Are Differentiated and Ranked
Is Gender Biological or Social?
Gender and Power
What Causes Gender Inequality?
Socialization versus Structure: Two Approaches to Gender Inequality
Learning Gender
Children at Home
Children at Play
Formal Education
Socialization as Blaming the Victim
Reinforcing Male Dominance
Language
Interpersonal Behavior
Mass Communications Media
Religion
The Law
Politics
Structured Gender Inequality
Occupational Distribution
The Earnings Gap
Intersection of Race and Gender in the Workplace
Pay Equity
How Workplace Inequality Operates
Gender in the Global Economy
Costs and Consequences of Sexism
Who Benefits?
The Social and Individual Costs
Fighting the System
Feminist Movements in the United States
Women's Struggles in the Twenty-First Century
Sexual Orientation
Social Deviance
Gay and Lesbian Community: An Overview
Defining Homosexuality
Roots of Homosexuality
Numbers: How Many Gays and Lesbians?
Interpersonal Relationships and Domestic Arrangements among Gays and Lesbians
Discrimination
Ideological Oppression
Legal Oppression: the Law and the Courts
Occupational Discrimination
Fighting the System: Human Agency
Disability and Ableism
Definitions
Individual Model of Disability
Social Model of Disability
Toward a More Complete Definition of Disability
People with Disabilities as a Minority Group
Defined as Different
Derogatory Naming
Minority as a Master Status
Categorization, Stigma, and Stereotypes
Exclusion and Segregation
Matrix of Domination
Discrimination
Issues of Gender, Sexual Behavior, and Fertility
Gender Stereotyping
Sexual Relationships
Physical and Sexual Abuse
Abortion Issue
Agency
Disability Rights Movement
Americans with Disabilities Act
Conclusion
Social Structure and Individual Deviance
Crime and Justice
Crime in Society
What Is Crime?
Crime Rates
Demographic Characteristics of People Arrested for Crimes
Categories of Crime
Unjust System of Justice
Laws
Police
Judicial Process
Correctional System
The Criminal Label
Stopping the Cradle to Prison Pipeline
Drugs
The Politics of Drugs
Historical Legality of Drugs
Factors Influencing Drug Laws and Enforcement
Drug Use in U.S. Society
Commonly Abused Illegal Drugs
Legal but Dangerous Drugs
Drug Use Patterns by Class, Race, and Gender
Why Use Drugs?
U.S. Official Policy: A War on Drugs
Consequences of Official Drug Policies
Is the Drug War Racist?
Alternatives
Regulation of Trade or Use through Licensing and Taxation
Noninterference
Address the Social Causes of Drug Use
Institutional Problems
The Economy and Work
Capitalism and Socialism
Capitalism
Socialism
Mega Economic Trends
The Structural Transformation of the Economy
Globalization
The Great Recession
Work and Social Problems
Control of Workers
Alienation
Worker Compensation
Dangerous Working Conditions
Sweatshops
Unions and Their Decline
Unemployment
Job Insecurity
Benefits Insecurity
Increased Workload
Worker Compensation
Families
The Mythical Family in the United States
U.S. Families in Historical Perspective: the Family in Capitalism
Stratification and Family Life: Unequal Life Chances
Changing Families in a Changing World
Economic Transformation and Family Life
Today's Diverse Family Forms
Balancing Work and Family with Few Social Supports
Single Parents and Their Children
Societal Response to Disadvantaged Children
Divorce
Consequences of Divorce
Children of Divorce
Violence in U.S. Families
Violence and the Social Organization of the Family
Intimate Partner Violence
Child Abuse and Neglect
Education
Characteristics of Education in the United States
Education as a Conserving Force
Mass Education
A Fragmented Educational System
Local Control of Education
A Lack of Curricular Standardization
"Sifting" and "Sorting" Function of Schools
Preoccupation with Order and Control
Education and Inequality
Financing Public Education
Family Economic Resources
Higher Education and Stratification
Segregation
Tracking and Teachers' Expectations
Possibilities for Promoting Equality of Opportunity
Provide Universal Preschool Programs
Offer Free Education
Set National Education Standards
Reduce Funding Disparities Across States and Districts
Reducing Class and School Size
Attract and Retain Excellent Teachers
Extend the School Day and Year
Hold Educators Accountable
Reform the Educational Philosophy of Schools
Restructure Society
The Health Care System
The Crisis in Health Care: Cost, Coverage, and Consequences
Rising Health Care Costs
Does the High Cost of Health Care Translate into Good Health Consequences?
The Health Care System in the United States
Different Plans for Different Categories
Private Insurance
For Profit Hospitals
Managed Care Networks
Unequal Access to Health Care
Social Class
Race/Ethnicity
Gender
HIV/AIDS: the Intersection of Class, Race, and Gender
Models for National Health Care: Lessons from Other Societies
The Bismarck Model
The Beveridge Model
The National Health Insurance Model
Reforming the Health Care System in the United States
The Politics of Health Reform
The Obama Plan
National Security in the Twenty-First Century
The U.S. Military Establishment
The Size of the U.S. Military
The Cost of Maintaining U.S. Military Superiority
The Threat of Nuclear Weapons
The Terrorism Threat
Domestic Terrorism
International Terrorism
U.S. National Security and the War on Terror
The Precipitating Event
A Rush to War
The War in Iraq
The Iraq War: An Evaluation
Consequences of the U.S. Responses to 9/11
The Costs of the War
The Legacy of the War
Strategies to Combat the New Terrorism
Military Might Alone Does Not Make a Nation Secure
Vengeance Is Self-Defeating
The Solution to Terrorism Is to Address Its Root Causes
In Planning for War, the Question Guiding the Plan Must Be, How Does the Conflict End?
The U.S. Goal of Spreading Democracy in the Middle East Will Likely Fail
The Path to the Moral High Ground Goes through International Organizations and International Law
Solutions
Progressive Plan to Solve Social Problems
Sociology, Social Problems, and Social Change
The Sociological Imagination and Social Problems
Sociological Paradox: Structure and Agency
Sociological Dilemma: Recognition and Rejection
Progressive Principles to Guide Public Policy
Is a Progressive Social Policy Possible?
Should a Progressive Plan Be Adopted by U.S. Society?
Financing the Progressive Agenda
Is There Any Hope of Instituting a Social Agenda Based on Progressive Principles?
Human Agency: Social Change from the Bottom Up
Individuals Protesting and Organizing for Change
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