Understanding Human Development

ISBN-10: 0205753078

ISBN-13: 9780205753079

Edition: 2nd 2010

List price: $142.60
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Book details

List price: $142.60
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 10/6/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 600
Size: 9.00" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.882
Language: English

Preface
Introduction to Human Development
Heredity and Environment
Prenatal Development and Childbirth
Infancy and Toddlerhood: Physical, Cognitive, and Language Development
Infancy and Toddlerhood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Early Childhood: Physical, Cognitive, and Language Development
Early Childhood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Middle Childhood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Middle Childhood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Young Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Young Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Middle Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Middle Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Older Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Older Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Death and Dying
Answers to Review the Facts
Glossary
Bibliography
Photo Credits
Name Index
Subject Index
Detailed Table of Contents
Introduction to Human Development
Introduction to Development
Lifespan Development
Guiding Themes in Human Development
The Nature of Human Development
Biology and Environment
The Sociocultural Context
Try This!: Exploring Attitudes About Child Rearing
Changing Perspectives: Children and War
The Domains of Human Development
Theoretical Frameworks for Human Development
The Role of Theory
Biological Views of Human Development
Psychodynamic Views of Human Development
Behavioral Views of Human Development
Cognitive Views of Human Development
Integrating Theoretical Approaches
The Scientific Approach to the Study of Human Development
Descriptive Methods
Studying Development Across Time
Current Issues: Fragile Families and Child Well-Being
Correlation as a Descriptive Tool
Experimental Approaches: the Study of Cause and Effect
Summary of Research Methods
Ethics in Developmental Research
Development in Context
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Heredity and Environment
Molecular Genetics
Human Cells
DNA
Genes
Protein Synthesis
Genes, Chromosomes, and Cell Division
Cell Division and Reproduction
From Genotype to Phenotype
The Variation of Traits Among Individuals
Genetic and Chromosomal Disorders
Sex-Linked Disorders
Autosomal Disorders
Genetic Counseling
Advances in Genetic Research and Treatment
Behavior Genetics
Changing Perspectives: Genetic Engineering and Cloning
Adoption Studies
Twin Studies
Try This!: Exploring the Basis of Personality
Environmental Influences and Contexts
Basic Processes That Affect Behavior
Conditioning, Behavior Modification, and Life
Social Learning and the Evolving Self-Concept
Environment in a Broader Context: Family and Culture
Family Systems
The Family as Transmitter of Culture
Current Issues: the New Baby and the Extended Family System
Sociocultural Influences on Development Across the Lifespan
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Prenatal Development and Childbirth
Prenatal Growth and Development
Trimesters and Periods
Conception and the Germinal Period
The Embryonic Period
The Fetal Period
Developmental Trends
Prenatal Environmental Influences
Maternal Age
Maternal Health and Nutrition
Prenatal Health Care
Critical Periods in Prenatal Development
Teratogens and Their Effects
Childbirth
Stages of Childbirth
Changing Perspectives: Nurse Family Partnerships: An Early Intervention Program That Works
Approaches to Childbirth
Try This!: Birthing Practices: Yesterday and Today
Advances in Technology
Complications in Childbirth
The Evolving Family
The Transition to Parenthood
Current Issues: Kangaroo Care for Low-Birth-Weight Infants: An Experimental Approach Being Tried in Countries Around the World
The Arrival of the Neonate
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Infancy and Toddlerhood: Physical, Cognitive, and Language Development
The Developing Brain
The Neonatal Period
States of Arousal
Learning and Habituation
Neonatal Assessment
Physical and Motor Development
Cultural Influences on Maturation
An Overview of Physical and Motor Development: the First 2 Years
Changing Perspectives: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and Shaken Baby Syndrome
Nutrition and Malnutrition
Try This!: Attitudes About Breastfeeding
Sensory and Perceptual Development
Vision and Visual Perception
Hearing and Auditory Perception
Taste, Smell, and Touch
Sensory Integration
Cognitive Development
Perceptual Organization and Categories
Piaget's Concept of Schemes
The Sensorimotor Period
Evaluating Piaget's View
Language Development
The Structure and Function of Language
Language Development in the First Year
Words and Sentences
The Language Explosion
Telegraphic Speech and Early Grammar
Theories of Language Development
Current Issues: Cats, Horses and Tight Fits���Is Language Involved in Category Formation?
Cultural Aspects of Language Development
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Infancy and Toddlerhood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
The Foundations of Personality and Social Development
Emotional Development
Temperament
The Development of Trust
Feeding and Comforting
Attachment
The Role of Culture in Attachment
Studying Infant and Toddler Attachment
Try This!: Replicating the Strange Situation
The Effects of Attachment
Explaining Attachment
The Relationship Between Attachment and Trust
Separating from the Caregiver
Social Referencing and Culture
The Development of Autonomy
The Development of Prosocial Behavior
The Development of the Self
Attachment and Separation
The Family System: A Broader Context
Fathers
Changing Perspectives: Fatherhood in the Changing American Family���What Matters?
Other Family Members as Caregivers
The Social Ecology of Child Care
Current Issues: Infant and Toddler Child Care
Infants and Toddlers With Special Needs
Infants and Toddlers With Visual Impairments
Infants and Toddlers With Hearing Impairments
Infants and Toddlers With Severe Disabilities
When Parenting Goes Awry: Abuse and Neglect
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Early Childhood: Physical, Cognitive, and Language Development
Physical Development
Changes in the Body
Brain Development
Human Development: An Interactive and Individual Approach
Motor Skills Development
Gross Motor Skills
Fine Motor Skills
Learning and Motor Skills
Cognitive Development
An Overview of Preoperational Thinking
Preoperational Substages and Thought
Current Issues: A Theory of Mind
Limitations of Preoperational Thinking
Conservation
Evaluating Piaget's Theory
Beyond Piaget: Social Perspectives
The Role of Memory
Language Development
Words and Concepts
Expanding Grammar
Mastering the Subtleties of Speech
The Influence of Parents' Language Use
Multicultural Aspects of Language Development
Play and Learning
Play and Cognitive Development
Changing Perspectives: Bilingual Kindergarten and Play
Try This!: Watching Young Children Play
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Early Childhood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Coping with Feelings and Emotions
Fear and Anxiety
Emotional Regulation
Aggression and Prosocial Behavior
Aggression
Changing Perspectives: Electronic Media: Is It Changing the Way That Children Grow Up?
Prosocial Behavior
Try This!: A Child's Choice in Media Programming
Developmental Conflicts
Initiative Versus Guilt
Peers, Play, and the Development of Social Competence
The Role of Imaginary Companions
Cultural Variations in Play
Social Competence and the Development of Social Skills
Current Issues: One Pathway to Social Competence
Understanding Self and Others
Social Concepts and Rules
Self-Concept
Self and Gender
Family Dynamics
Parenting Styles
Discipline and Self-Control
Sibling Dynamics
Child Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Middle Childhood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Physical and Motor Development
Physical Growth and Change
Internal Changes
Motor Skills Development
Health, Fitness, and Accidents
Current Issues: Obesity in Childhood���An Outcome of Our Changing Lifestyle?
Cognitive Development
Piaget and Concrete Operational Thinking
Memory and Metacognition
Language and Literacy Development
Individual Differences in Intelligence
Try This!: Exploring Your Concept of Intelligence
Learning and Thinking in School
New Demands and Expectations
Developing Competent Learners and Critical Thinkers
Success in School
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Intellectual Disabilities
Learning Disorders
Changing Perspectives: Early Experience���Do Adverse Environments Cause Permanent Effects?
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Middle Childhood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Personality Development in an Expanding Social World
Three Perspectives on Middle Childhood
Self-Concept
Industry Versus Inferiority
Self-Esteem
Social Knowledge and Reasoning
The Development of Social Cognition
The Development of Morality
Peer Relationships
Functions of Friendship
Developmental Patterns in Friendship
Peer Groups
Current Issues: Friends and Enemies, Bullies and Victims���The Social Life of School
In-Groups, Out-Groups, and Prejudice
Family Influences in Middle Childhood
Parent Child Interactions and Relationships
The Changing Nature of the Family
Changing Perspectives: Families Coping in Difficult Circumstances
Try This!: the Impact of Divorce on Children
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Adolescent Development in a Cultural and Historical Context
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood in the United States Today
Physical Development and Adaptation
Physical Growth and Change
Puberty
Current Issues: Diet and Exercise���Building a Healthy Lifestyle or an Eating Disorder?
Body Image and Adjustment
Gender Identity and Sexual Practices
Six Decades of Changes in Sexual Practices
Factors That Influence Early Sexual Relationships
Consequences of Adolescent Sexual Behavior
Cognitive Changes in Adolescence
Brain Development in Adolescence
Try This!: Exploring the Effects of Early Parenting
Piaget's Period of Formal Operations
The Scope and Content of Adolescent Thought
Changing Perspectives: How Adolescents Around the World Spend Their Time
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Developmental Tasks of Adolescence
Achieving Autonomy
Forming an Identity
Identity Formation, Culture, and Context
Current Issues: Ethnic Identity���A Key Component of Self-Definition
Family Dynamics
Intergenerational Communication
Changing Perspectives: Family Obligation and Assistance During Adolescence
Peer Relationships During Adolescence
Social Comparison
Cliques and Crowds
Dating
Peers and Parents: A Clash of Cultures
Risk and Resilience in Adolescence
Risk Taking
The Use of Tobacco, Alcohol, Marijuana, and Other Drugs
Delinquency
Sexual Abuse of Adolescents
Stress, Depression, and Coping
Depression
Risk Factors for Psychological Problems
Try This!: Taking a Look at Adolescent Depression
Protective Factors and Coping Responses
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Young Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Perspectives on Adult Development
Age Clocks and Social Norms
Contextual Paradigms
General Physical Development
Strength and Stamina
Changing Perspectives: History, Culture, and the Information Age
Fitness and Health
Current Issues: the Changing Face of HIV/AIDS
Sex and Sexuality
Fertility
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexual Attitudes and Behavior
Sexual Identity and Sexual Orientation
Cognitive Development in Adulthood
Beyond Formal Operations
Postformal Thought
Try This!: Exploring Postformal Thought
Emotional Intelligence
Schaie's Stages of Adult Thinking
Frameworks for Understanding Adult Development
Stages and Contexts
Havighurst's Developmental Tasks
Erikson's Theory of Development
Levinson's Seasons of a Man's Life
The Limitations of Normative Models
Gould's Transformations in Early Adulthood
A Closing Comment
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Young Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Self, Family, and Work
The Personal Self
Self as Family Member
Self as Worker
Forming Close Relationships
Adult Friendships
Couple Formation and Development
Marriage
Cohabitation
Gay and Lesbian Couples
Staying Single
Changing Perspectives: Living Together or Living Alone
The Family Life Cycle and Adult Development
The Family Life Cycle
The Transition to Parenthood
Coping with Children's Developmental Stages
Single Parenthood
The Occupational Cycle
Stages of Occupational Life
Gaining a Place in the Workforce
Careers and Career Choices
Occupational Choice and Preparation
Gender and Ethnicity
Work and Gender
Changes in Women's Work Patterns
The Many Meanings of Work
Try This!: Exploring the Type of Career Best Matched to You
The Role of Women in Careers
The Dynamics of Dual-Earner Couples
Current Issues: Juggling Work and Family Roles���The Special Challenge for Low-Income, Dual-Career Couples
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Middle Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Development in Middle Adulthood
Prime Time or the Beginning of the End?
Midlife Crisis: Is It Real?
Perceptions and Realities at Midlife
Try This!: Just What Is Middle Age?
Physical Continuity and Change
Changes in Capabilities
The Climacteric
Sexuality in the Middle Years
Disease and Health
The Cumulative Effects of Health Habits
Stress and Health
Ethnicity, Poverty, and Health
Current Issues: Health and Social Issues���Why Are Some Groups at Risk?
Cognitive Continuity and Change
Fluid Versus Crystallized Intelligence
Experience and Expertise
Changing Perspectives: Retraining for Today's Technological Jobs
Cognitive Skills in the Workplace
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Middle Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Personality Continuity and Change
The Tasks of Middle Adulthood
Personal Reactions to Middle Adulthood
Family and Friends: Interpersonal Contexts
The Generation That Runs Things
Relationships with Adult Children
Current Issues: Studying Generativity in African American and White U.S. Families
Relationships with Aging Parents
Becoming a Grandparent
Try This!: What Makes a Great Grandparent?
Friendship: A Lifelong Perspective
The Changing Family
Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage
Blended Families
Changing Perspectives: Blended Families���Themes and Variations
Occupational Continuity and Change
Job Change and Stress
Continuity and Change in the Structure of Personality
The Five-Factor Model
Stability or Change?
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Older Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Aging Today
Ageism and Stereotypes
Four Decades of Later Life
The Physical Aspects of Aging
The Changing Body
Health, Disease, and Nutrition
Changing Perspectives: Diabetes���Will Type 2 Diabetes Be the New Lifestyle Disease Epidemic?
The Causes of Aging
Theories of Aging
Cognitive Changes in Advanced Age
Understanding Various Aspects of Cognition
Cognitive Decline
Current Issues: Wisdom���Cross-Cultural or Culture Specific?
Try This!: Exploring Alzheimer's Disease
Compensating for an Aging Mind
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Older Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Personality and Aging
Developmental Tasks in Older Adulthood
Emotional Development in Older Adulthood
Continuity and Change in Older Adulthood
Current Issues: Psychological Well-Being in Later Adulthood
Successful Aging
Retirement: A Major Change in Status
Adjusting to Retirement
Retirement Options
Family and Friends: Interpersonal Contexts
When Parenting Is Over
Try This!: Exploring the Dimensions of Grandparenting
Caring for an Ill Spouse
Widows and Widowers
U.S. Social Policy and Older Adulthood
The Demographics of Aging
Lifestyle Options for Older Adults
Changing Perspectives: Assisted Living���The In-Between Choice for Frail, Older Adults
Goals for the Care of Older Adults
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Death and Dying
Thoughts and Fears of Death
Denial of Death
Reactions to Death
Managing the Anxiety Associated with One's Own Death
Current Issues: Searching for Meaning in Natural Disasters, Accidents, Terrorism, and Personal Tragedies
Confronting One's Own Death
Death as the Final Developmental Task
Stages of Adjustment
Coping with Terminal Illness
Alternative Trajectories
The Search for a Humane Death
Hospice
Try This!: Exploring the Dimensions of Hospice Care
The Right to Die
Grief and Bereavement
Grieving
Bereavement in Cross-Cultural Perspective
Rituals and Customs
The Death of a Child
Grieving When a Child Dies
Changing Perspectives: Humane End-of-Life Care for Children Who Are Dying and for Their Families
Completing the Life Cycle
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Review the Facts
Glossary
References
Photo Credits
Name Index
Subject Index
About This Title - Description
For undergraduate courses in Lifespan Development, Human Development An interdisciplinary approach with an emphasis on culture and family using an interdisciplinary approach which emphasizes culture and family, Understanding Human Development challenges students to understand development from a broader perspective. Students draw on their own experiences as they weigh the research and ideas presented in the text
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