Sensation and Perception

ISBN-10: 0205579809

ISBN-13: 9780205579808

Edition: 5th 2010

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Book details

List price: $156.20
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/16/2009
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 512
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.706
Language: English

Hugh J. Foley received his B.A. from St. John Fisher College and his Ph.D. from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He has taught at small liberal arts institutions throughout his academic career. He is currently a full professor at Skidmore College, where he has directed the Neuroscience Program and served as Mellon Fellow for First-Year Students. Hugh has taught the perception course throughout his career, as well as statistics and methodology courses. He has published articles in methodology, cognition, and perceptionndash;typically with his research collaborator, Mary Ann Foley. They have also received several grants from the National Science Foundation. Hugh has worked with Margaret Matlin on the previous two editions of Sensation and Perception.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Preview of the Book
Overview of Theoretical Approaches to Sensation and Perception
The Behaviorist Approach
The Empiricist Approach
The Gestalt Approach
The Gibsonian Approach
The Information-Processing Approach
The Computational Approach
Themes of the Book
How to Use This Book
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Research Methods
Measuring Responses to Low-Intensity Stimuli
Classical Psychophysical Measurement of Detection
Signal Detection Theory
In-Depth: Forensics, Faces, and False Alarms: Applied Signal Detection Theory
Two-Alternative Forced Choice Procedure
Measuring Responses to More Intense Stimuli
Classical Psychophysical Measurement of Discrimination
Relationship between Physical Stimuli and Psychological Reactions
Measuring Brain Activity Due to Perceptual Stimuli
Studying Individual Neurons
Studying Massed Brain Activity
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
The Visual System
Visual Stimulus
Structure and Function of the Eye
Cornea, Sclera, and Anterior Chamber
Iris and Pupil
Lens
Retina
Posterior Chamber
Structure and Function of the Retina
Photoreceptors
The Duplex Retina
Vertical Connections: Bipolar and Ganglion Cells
Lateral Connections: Horizontal and Amacrine Cells
Pathways from the Retina to the Visual Cortex
Information Flow from Retina to Visual Cortex
Visual Cortex
In - Depth: Beyond the Primary Visual Cortext
Concluding Remarks about the Visual System
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Basic Visual Functions
Prerequisites for Normal Vision
Edges Are Important
Change Is Important
Higher-Level Processes and Experience Are Important
Perceiving Light Energy
Light Energy and Lightness Perception
Lightness Constancy
Explanations for Lightness Perception
Perceptual Organization Precedes Lightness Perception
Further Complexities in Lightness Perception
Acuity
Measuring Acuity
Characteristics of the Eye That Affect Acuity
Characteristics of the Stimulus That Affect Acuity
Eye Movements
Vergence Movements
In - Depth: Version Movements
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Visual Pattern Perception
Approaches to Shape and Pattern Perception
Spatial Frequency Analysis Approach
Gestalt Approach
Computational Approach
Feature-Integration Approach
Prototype-Matching Approach
Influence of Context on Shape and Pattern Perception
Perceiving Letters in the Context of Words
Perceiving Objects in the Context of Scenes
Illusory Contours
Distortions of Shape Due to Context
Selected Topics in Shape and Pattern Perception
The Role of Time in Shape Perception
Ambiguous Figures
Effects of Unusual Stimulus Orientations
In - Depth: Face Perception
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Distance and Size Perception
Perceiving a Three-Dimensional World
Monocular Cues to Depth
Binocular Disparity
Eye Muscle Cues to Depth
Approaches to Distance Perception
Perceiving Three-Dimensional Objects
In - Depth: Where Am I?: Navigating a Three-Dimensional World
Physiological Bases for Depth Perception
Size Perception
Factors Influencing Size Perception
Size Constancy
Illusions of Distance and Size
Ambiguous Depth or Distance Information
Illusions Involving Line Length or Distance
Explanations for Line-Length and Distance Illusions
Illusions Involving Area
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Color
Nature of Color
Color Mixing
Subtractive Mixtures
Additive Mixtures
Anatomy and Physiology of Color Vision
The Cone Mosaic and Trichromatic Theory
Opponent-Process Theory
Color Coding beyond the Photoreceptors
Individual Differences in Color Vision
Color-Vision Deficiencies
More than Three Cone Systems
Aging and Color Perception
Color Phenomena
Color Constancy
Simultaneous and Successive Color Contrast
Subjective Colors
Purkinje Shift
Memory Color
In - Depth: Color Names and Color Perception
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Motion
Visual Perception of Real Movement
Detecting Motion
Movement of the Observer
In - Depth: Perceiving Biological Motion
Illusory Movement
Stroboscopic Movement
Perceiving Motion in Stationary Stimuli
Misperceiving Motion Due to Context
Theoretical Explanations for Motion Perception
Corollary Discharge Theory
Direct Perception Approach
Computational Approach
Physiological Basis of Motion Perception
Processing Motion Information Before VI
Processing Motion Information in VI and Beyond
Processing Self-Motion Information
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
The Auditory System
The Auditory Stimulus
Frequency
Amplitude
Phase Angle
The Auditory System
Outer Ear
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
In - Depth: Inner and Outer Hair Cells
Higher Levels of Auditory Processing
Hearing Impairments and Treatments
Assessing Auditory Sensitivity
Tinnitus
Conductive Hearing Loss
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Exposure to Loud Sounds
Treatments: Hearing Aids and Cochlear Implants
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Basic Auditory Functions
Pitch Perception
Background: Early Theories of Pitch Perception
Developments in Place Theory
Developments in Temporal Theory
How Do We Perceive Pitch?
The Complex Relationship between Frequency and Pitch
Measuring Pitch
Loudness Perception
How Do We Perceive Loudness?
The Complex Relationship between Amplitude and Loudness
Intensity Discrimination
Measuring Loudness
Auditory Localization
Sources of Information for Auditory Localization
Physiological Basis of Auditory Localization
Measuring Localization Abilities
When Interaural Differences Aren't Enough: Localization Difficulties
In - Depth: Nonhuman Localizing Abilities
Integrating Visual and Auditory Localization
Perception of Simultaneous Sounds
Perception of Pure Tone Combinations
Masking
Noise
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Auditory Pattern Perception
Perception of Complex Auditory Patterns
The Nature of Complex Sound Stimuli
Making Sense of Complex Sounds
Music Perception
The Musical Stimulus
Music and the Brain
The Role of Cognition in Music Perception
Illusions in Music
Speech Perception
The Speech Stimulus
Theories of Speech Perception
Speech and the Brain
The Role of Cognition in Speech Preparation
In - Depth: Interactions between Auditory and Visual Stimuli
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
The Skin Senses
The Skin
Receptors in the Skin
From the Skin to the Brain
Touch
Afferent Systems for Touch
Passive Touch
Active Touch
Interactions between Touch and Vision
Temperature
Afferent Systems for Temperature
Thresholds for Temperature
Adapting to Temperature
Pain
Afferent Systems for Pain and Gate-Control Theory
In - Depth: Phantom Limbs and Pain
Measuring Pain
Adapting to Pain
Controlling Pain
Kinesthetic and Vestibular Senses
Kinesthetic Sense
Vestibular Sense
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
Taste
Sensory Aspects of Taste
Modifying Taste Perception
Measuring Taste Perception
Individual Differences in Taste Perception
Smell
Sensory Aspects of Smell
Cognitive Aspects of Smell
Modifying Olfactory Perception
Measuring Olfactory Perception
Individual Differences in Olfactory Perception
Recognizing and Identifying Odors
In - Depth: Behavioral Influences of Odors
Flavor: Interaction of Taste, Smell, and Other Senses
Contributions of Taste and Smell to Flavor
Contributions of Somatosensory Input to Flavor
Contributions of Temperature to Flavor
Contributions of Vision to Flavor
Contributions of Cognition to Flavor
Putting It All Together: Hedonics of Food
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Perceptual Development
Studying Perceptual Development in Infancy
Preference Method
Habituation Method
Conditioning Method
Physiological Methods
Early Development of Visual Abilities
The Developing Visual System
Acuity
Eye Movements
In - Depth: Shape Perception
Depth and Distance Perception
Color Perception
Motion Perception
Early Development of Auditory Abilities
The Developing Auditory System
Speech Perception
Early Development of Intersensory Abilities
Integrating Vision and Audition
Integrating Vision and Touch
Late Development of Perceptual Abilities
Vision in Late Adulthood and Old Age
Hearing in Late Adulthood and Old Age
The Senses and Aging
Review Questions
Key Terms
Recommended Readings
Glossary
References
Name Index
Subject Index
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