Exploring Child Welfare A Practice Perspective

ISBN-10: 0205487777
ISBN-13: 9780205487776
Edition: 4th 2007
List price: $91.60
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Book details

List price: $91.60
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 480
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.848
Language: English

Preface
Children: Our Most Important Resource
A Brief History of Child Welfare
Abortion, Infanticide, and Abandonment
Child Labor and Education
Responsibility for Children
Advocacy in the Provision of Services for Children
The Current Picture of Child Welfare Services
Impact of Current Child Welfare Practices on Children
Services in the Twenty-First Century
Providing Services for Children Today
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
The Changing Family
The Responsibilities and Rights of the Family
The Setting for Today's Family
Profile of Today's Family
Family Roles and Rules
Communication Patterns
Observation of the Family as a System
Types of Families
The Emotional Climate of Families
The Impact of Culture on Families
Families with Anglo-European Roots
Families with Native American Roots
Families with African American Roots
Families with Hispanic Roots
Families with Asian Roots
Families with Middle Eastern Roots
The Family Life Cycle
Stresses on Families
Parental/Family Dysfunction
Role Definition and Inequality
Parent-Child Relations
Disability
When Families Need Help
Trends
Economic Stressors
The Optional Status of Marriage
The Vanishing Father
Blended Families
Resolution of Childhood Conflicts
Changes in Family Control
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Children and Poverty
Characteristics of Poor Children
Poverty Defined
Why Children Live in Poverty
Consequences of Growing Up in Poverty
Life Stressor Factors
Health and Health Care Factors
Nutritional Factors
Environmental Factors
Educational Factors
Recent Efforts to Fight Poverty
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
Earned Income Tax Credits (EITC)
Child Tax Credit
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
Minimum Wage Increase
State Child Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)
The Economics of Poverty
Reducing Child Poverty
Attitudinal Changes
Complex Combination of Two-Generational Strategies
An Important Footnote
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Current Societal Problems and Their Impact on Children: Violence, Addiction, and Homelessness
Children and Violence
War in the Streets
Violence in Relationships
The School as a War Zone
The Home as a War Zone
Children and Substance Abuse
Addicted Parents
Addicted Children and Adolescents
Effects and Treatment of Adolescent Drug Abuse
Homeless Families
Causes of Homelessness
Homeless Families and Children
Effects of Homelessness on Children
Homeless and Runaway Youths
Changing View of Runaway and Homeless Youths
Problems and Solutions for Runaway/Homeless Youths
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Serving the Developing Child: Daycare and School-Based Services
Daycare: Serving Infants and Preschool Children
A Brief History of Daycare Provision
Examining the Goals of Daycare Provision
Types of Daycare
School-Based Programs
Philosophy of Education
Student Support Programs: Addressing Academic, Social, and Emotional Needs
A Team Approach: Parents and Professionals as Partners
Controversial Issues and Dilemmas in the Provision of Services
Trends in the Provision of Educational Services
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Counseling for Families and Children
What Is Counseling?
Basic Assumptions
When a Family Might Seek Counseling
Self-Referrals
Referrals by Outside Agencies
Attitudes about Receiving Counseling
Self-Referred Clients
Clients Referred from Outside Agencies
Attitudes about Having a Problem
Ethnic and Cross-Cultural Considerations
Changing Attitudes about Counseling
Medical Model versus Holistic Model
The Impact of Feminism
Types of Counseling
The Professions
Settings
The Counseling Process
Assessment, Differential Diagnosis, and Treatment Planning
Modalities
The Experience of Counseling
Consumer Perspective
Professional Perspective
Trends in Counseling Services
External Forces
Internal Forces
Evolving Frontiers in Theory and Practice
Ethical Considerations in Counseling
Conidentiality
The Dilemma of Diagnosis
Training
Value System Differences
Counselor/Client Boundaries
Power
Counseling as a Healing Art versus the Business of Mental Health
Band-Aids versus Commitment to Social Change
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Protecting Children When Families Cannot: Child Abuse and Neglect
Historical View
Societal Role of Children
Child Neglect throughout History
Child Labor and Maltreatment
Sexual Mores and Abuses
Efforts to Control Child Abuse
Maltreatment Defined
Physical Abuse
Physical Neglect
Sexual Abuse
Emotional or Psychological Abuse
Reporting Child Maltreatment
Intake
Assessment
Case Management and Treatment
Court Intervention in Protective Cases
Juvenile or Civil Court
Criminal Court
The Effect of Court Involvement on Children
The Role of the Protective Services Worker
Future of Protective Services
Narrowing of Services
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Family Preservation or Child Placement?: Serving the Child's Best Interests
Brief History of Family-Based Services
Almshouses and Charities
Scientific Philanthropy
Settlement House Influence
Mothers' Pensions
Public Child Welfare Services
The Emerging Concept of Permanency Planning
Demonstrating Effectiveness of Family-Based Services
Types of Family-Based Services
Family Support Services
Family Preservation Services
Kinship Care: Family Preservation or Child Placement?
Family Preservation Worker
Preserve the Family or Place the Child?
Shaping the Future of Family-Based Services
Screening of At-Risk Clients
Attention to Cultural Diversity
Selection and Training of Workers
Supervision and Consultation
Operationalism of Program Design Goals
Building Community Supports
Evaluation and Research
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Court Services on Behalf of Children
Historical Perspective
The Child Savers
Reform School Movement
The Concept of Parens Patriae
The Emergence of the Juvenile Court
Situations Warranting Juvenile Court Intervention
Delinquency
Status Offenses
Dependency, Abuse, and Neglect
Related Situations Involving Court Intervention
Factors Influencing Court Intervention
The Rights of Juveniles
Advocating for Children
Juvenile Court Process and Procedures
Intake Stage
Adjudication Stage
Disposition Stage
The Role of the Social Worker and the Court
Consumer Perspective
Alternative Approaches to Court Intervention
Diversion
Treatment of Juvenile Offenders
Trends
Should There Be a Separate Juvenile Court?
Should Status Offenders Come under the Jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court?
What Should Be Done with Serious Offenders?
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Teenage Pregnancy and Parenting
Definition of Terms
Historical Perspective
Through the Eyes of Society: Myths Revisited
Welfare Mothers
Medical Concerns
Development of the Children
Demographics
Teens at Risk
Family Function
Socioeconomic Status
Previous Sexual Abuse and Date Rape
Educational and Behavioral Difficulties
How Teens Make Decisions about Fertility and Childrearing
Fathers
A Teen's View
Services: Primary Prevention
Programs Focusing on Sexual Antecedents
Programs Focusing on Nonsexual Antecedents
Programs Focusing on Sexual and Nonsexual Antecedents
Culturally Sensitive Interventions
Services: Secondary Prevention
Teen Parents and Their Families
Keeping Fathers Involved
Child Care
Parenting Programs
Residential Programs
Trends in Teen Pregnancy Prevention
Legislative Initiatives
Focus on Research
Philosophical Shifts
The Media
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Children in Family Foster Care
History of Family Foster Care
Early Beginnings
Foster Care in Recent Years
The Nature of Foster Care Today
Types of Foster Homes
Reasons Children Come into Foster Care
Foster Parents
Recruitment
Homestudy and Training
Placement and Follow-Up
Stresses of Being a Foster Parent
Foster Parents as Part of the Team
Birth Parents with Children in Foster Care
Attitudes and Reactions
Rights and Responsibilities of Birth Parents
When Children Return Home
Children in Foster Care
Feelings about Placement and Separation
Feelings about Natural Parents
Feelings about Foster Parents
Life in Foster Care
Leaving Foster Care
The Role of the Foster Care Social Worker
The Future of Foster Care
Political Influences
Trends
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
The Adoption of Children
The History of Adoption
Definitions and Assumptions
Types of Adoption
Issues in Adoption Today
Decreased Number of Adoptable Children
Changes in Types of Children Available for Adoption
Controversy over Agency-Assisted versus Independent Adoptions
Adoption Disruptions and the Need for Follow-Up
Openness in Adoption
Effects of Adoption on Children
Adoptive Participants
Birth Parents
Children Available for Adoption
Adoptive Applicants
The Adoptive Process
The Homestudy
Placement and Legalization
Postlegalization Services
Adoption Disruption
The Role of the Adoption Worker
The Search
Supporters of the Search
Who Searches
Search Outcome
Sealed Records
Consent Contracts
Trends
Children Available for Adoption
Permanency Planning
Placement Services for Adolescents
Resources Available
Lifelong Services
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Children in Residential Settings
Historical Perspective
Assumptions about Residential Care
Types of Residential Settings
Diagnostic Services
Intense Therapeutic Services for Dependent Children
Residential Treatment Centers
Rehabilitative or Secure Treatment for Delinquents
Centers for Children with Severe Special Needs
Children in Residential Settings
Reasons for Referral
Adjustment to Placement
Life in a Residential Setting
Components of a Residential Setting
Token Economy and Phase System
The Influence of Peer Culture
Handling Crises in Residential Settings
Sexually Acting Out in Residential Care
Sexual Abuse of Children in Residential Care
Working with Families of Children in Residential Care
Motivation of Parents
Types of Family Treatment
Problems in Working with Families
The Role of Staff in a Residential Setting
Residential Staff
Educational Staff
Clinical Staff
Other Staff Functions
The Frustrations of Staff
Termination
Return Home
Placement in a Foster Home or a Less Restrictive Environment
Placement in a More Restrictive Setting
Hospitalization
Independent Living
Problems within Residential Settings
Staff Issues
Abuse in Residential Settings
Problems for Residential Centers within the Community
Community Support
Detriments to Residentially Placed Youths' Education
Trends
Population Served Requires a Change in Emphasis
Restriction in Funding
More Effective Evaluation
Family Involvement
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Our Children's Future
What Is in Our Children's Future?
Children's Status
Children in Poverty
Children at Risk
Children and Health
Children and Education
Preparing Those Who Help Children
Child Welfare in the Twenty-First Century
Summary
Exploration Questions
References
Name Index
Subject Index

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