Organizational Behavior in Education Leadership and School Reform

ISBN-10: 0205486363

ISBN-13: 9780205486366

Edition: 9th 2007 (Revised)

List price: $134.67
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Book details

List price: $134.67
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/5/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 480
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.266

Preface
The ISLLC Standards for School Leaders
In Search of a Paradigm
ISLLC Standards
Assumptions, Beliefs, Behaviors
Modernist and Structuralist Thought
Postmodernism and Poststructuralism
The Nature of Scientific Progress
Psychology
Behaviorism
Psychoanalytic Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology
Sociological and Psychological Points of View
The Relevance to School Leadership Today
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
Research Methods in Education
Leadership as Coaching
The ISLLC Standards for School Leaders
Coaching as a Method of Teaching
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Toward a Theory of Practice
ISLLC Standards
Two Principal Sources of Conflict
The "Great Debate": Traditional versus Progressive Education
The Beginnings of the Great Educational Debate
The Backlash of the 1950s
The Neoprogressive Emerge in the 1960s
The Contemporary Debate on Schooling
A Paradigm Shift in Education
A Passion for Equality
The Traditional Paradigm of Intelligence
The Bell Curve
A New Paradigm of Intelligence or the Lake Wobegon Syndrome?
Multiple Intelligences Theory
Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory (MIT)
Perkins's Learnable Intelligence Theory
Smart Schools
Emotional Intelligence
The Debate Continues
The National "Summit Meetings" on Educational Standards
Theory of Action
Theory of Practice
The Game Plan: A Coaching Metaphor
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Mainstreams of Organizational Thought
ISLLC Standards
Organizational Behavior
Organization and Behavior
Why Study Organizational Behavior?
Why Study the History of Organizational Behavior?
Why Study Theory?
Public Administration as a Beginning
Impact of the Industrial Revolution
Frederick W. Taylor and Scientific Management
The Beginning of Modern Organization Theory
Emergence of Bureaucratic Organizational Theory
The Rise of Classical Organizational Theory
Scientific Management versus Classical Organizational Theory
Organizational Concepts of Classical Theory
The Ideas of Mary Parker Follett
Classical and Neoclassical Administrative Concepts
The Human Relations Movement
The Western Electric Studies
The Organizational Theory Movement
Human Relations and Organizational Behavior
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Organizational Theory in the Modern Period
ISLLC Standards
Organizational Theory
Theory Defined and Described
Two Major Perspectives on Educational Organizations
Bureaucratic Views
Top-Down School Reform Persists
Human Resources Development Views
Theory X and Theory Y
Organizational Structure and People
General Systems Theory
Basic Concepts of System
Social Systems Theory
A Contextual Approach
Role Theory
Functional Roles in the Group
Role Related to Social Systems Theory
Equilibrium
Homeostasis
Feedback
Sociotechnical Systems Theory
Contingency Theory
Rational Planning Models
Open System Related to Contingency Theory
Response to Technological Change
Interaction with the External Environment
Contingency Theory and Organizational Behavior in Schools
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
The Human Dimension of Organization
ISLLC Standards
Reconceptualizing the Nature of Organizations
A New Paradigm of Organizational Theory
Rise of Qualitative Research Methods
Educational Organizations as Loosely Coupled Systems
Educational Organizations as Dual Systems
Building Human Capital
Human Resources as Assets
Organizational Culture as a Bearer of Authority
Five Basic Assumptions of Effective Schools
Turmoil in School Reform
Three Approaches to School Reform
Conclusion
The Effort to Create an Administrative Science
Centrality of the Human Dimension of Organization
Where We Are and Where We Are Going
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Organizational Culture and Organizational Climate
ISLLC Standards
Human Resources Development
Defining and Describing Organizational Culture and Climate
Research on Organizational Culture
Organizational Culture and Organizational Climate Compared and Contrasted
How Organizational Culture Is Created
Symbolism and Culture
Organizational Climate
The Affective Aspects of Culture and Climate
Multiple Cultures
How Organizational Climate Is Created
Group Norms
Person-Environment Interaction
Concept of Behavior Settings
Describing and Assessing Organizational Culture in Schools
Relationship between Organizational Culture and Organizational Effectiveness
Cause and Effect
The Problem of Measuring School Effectiveness
Describing and Assessing Organizational Climate in Schools
Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (OCDQ)
Organizational Climate Index (OCI)
Four Management Systems
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Organizational Change
ISLLC Standards
School Reform and Change
Power Relationships and School Restructuring
Aims of Educational Reform
The Tradition of Change in American Education
Natural Diffusion Processes
Sociological Views of Diffusion
Planned, Managed Diffusion
Three Strategies of Planned Change
Empirical-Rational Strategies of Change
Research, Development, and Diffusion (R, D, and D)
The "Agricultural Model"
Assumptions and Implications of KPU Approaches to Change
Other Empirical-Rational Strategies
Power-Coercive Strategies of Change
Normative-Reeducative or Organizational Self-Renewal Strategies
The Rand Study of Federal Programs Supporting Educational Change
A Normative-Reeducative Strategy
Organizational Health
Organizational Self-Renewal
The Learning Organization
A Sociotechnical View
Force-Field Analysis
Research on the Effectiveness of OD
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Adaptive Leadership
ISLLC Standards
Adaptive Leadership
Power and Leadership
Leadership Different from Command
Power Defined
Leadership Defined
Two-Factor Leadership Theory Abandoned
Leadership as a Relationship with Followers
Your Understanding of Human Nature Is Critical
Bureaucratic View of Leadership
Transforming Leadership
Transforming Leadership Compared and Contrasted with Transactional Leadership
Moral Leadership
A Progression
A Process of Growth and Development
Leadership and Vision
Whose Vision Is It, Anyway?
Manipulation and Empowerment
Critical Theory
Leadership and Management
Empowerment and Leadership
A Moral or Ethical Problem
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Decision Making
ISLLC Standards
Individual versus Organizational Decision Making
Rationality in Decision Making
Rational Decision-Making Models
Limits on Rationality in Decision Making
The Gap between Theory and Practice
Five Leadership Styles
Seven Stituation Issues
Decision-Process Flowchart
The Nature of Managerial and Administrative Work
How Administrators Think
The Influence of Organizational Culture on Decision Making
Closing the Gap between Theory and Practice
Theory of Practice
Human Resources Development
Participative Decision Making
Participative Decision Making and Empowerment
Participative or Democratic?
An Explicit Decision-Making Process
Who Identifies the Problem?
Emergent and Discrete Problems
Who Should Participate?
Desire of Individuals to Participate
Team Administration
Participation Requires High Level of Skills
A Paradigm for Decision Making
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Conflict in Organizations
ISLLC Standards
The Nature of Conflict in Organizations
Definition of Conflict
Conflict Different from Attacks
Contemporary Views of Conflict
Effects of Organizational Conflict
The Criterion: Organizational Performance
The Dynamics of Organizational Conflict
Hostility
A Contingency View
A Process View of Conflict
A Structural View of Conflict
An Open-Systems View of Conflict
Approaches to Organizational Conflict
The Win-Lose Orientation to Conflict
A Contingency Approach to Conflict
Diagnosing Conflict
A Contingency Approach to Diagnosis of Conflict
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Motivation
ISLLC Standards
The Meaning and Patterns of Motivation
First Pattern: Direction in Making Choices
Second Pattern: Persistence
Third Pattern: Intensity
The Extrinsic-Intrinsic Debate
Extrinsic, or Behaviorist, Views
Intrinsic Views of Motivation
Individual and Group Motivation
The Western Electric Studies Revisited
The Illumination Studies
The Relay Inspection Group Studies
Central Findings of the Studies
Impact of the Studies
Contemporary Views of the Western Electric Studies
Individual Differences
In Praise of Diversity
Archetypes
Human Intelligence
Temperament and Organizational Behavior
The Four Psychological Types
Four Basic Dimensions of Human Personality
Introversion-Extraversion
Sensation-Intuition and Thinking-Feeling
Perceiving-Judging
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
Introversion-Extraversion
A Dimension Rather Than Either-Or
Intuition-Sensation
Intrinsic Motivation
Cognitive Views of Motivation
Achievement Motivation
McClelland and the "Spirit of Capitalism"
Fear of Success
The Humanistic Perspective
Abraham Maslow: Motivation as a Hierarchy of Needs
Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Motivation
Integration of Herzberg's and Maslow's Theories
Conclusion: General Principles
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
School Reform
ISLLC Standards
Market-Based School Reform
Economic Theory and School Reform
School Reform as Investment Opportunity
Contracting versus Privatization
Standards-Based School Reform
Whole School Reform
Increasing School Autonomy
Support for School Leaders
Coalition of Essential Schools
Accelerated Schools
Comer School Development Program
The Catalog of School Reform Models
Teacher Education and School Reform
National Network for Educational Renewal (NNER)
The American Council on Education Initiative
The Flexner Report on Medical Education as Precedent
Conclusion
Reflective Activities
Suggested Reading
Notes
Glossary
Name Index
Subject Index
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