Experimental Methodology

ISBN-10: 0205484735
ISBN-13: 9780205484737
Edition: 10th 2007 (Revised)
List price: $152.40
30 day, 100% satisfaction guarantee

If an item you ordered from TextbookRush does not meet your expectations due to an error on our part, simply fill out a return request and then return it by mail within 30 days of ordering it for a full refund of item cost.

Learn more about our returns policy

Description: This text presents a reader-friendly introduction to the basic principles of experimental and non-experimental psychological research. The book is organized so that each chapter focuses on a specific step in the research progress.

what's this?
Rush Rewards U
Members Receive:
coins
coins
You have reached 400 XP and carrot coins. That is the daily max!
You could win $10,000

Get an entry for every item you buy, rent, or sell.

Study Briefs

Limited time offer: Get the first one free! (?)

All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.

Add to cart
Study Briefs
Psychology Online content $4.95 $1.99
Add to cart
Study Briefs
Lifespan Human Development Online content $4.95 $1.99
Add to cart
Study Briefs
Periodic Table Online content $4.95 $1.99

Customers also bought

Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading

Book details

List price: $152.40
Edition: 10th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/21/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 544
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

This text presents a reader-friendly introduction to the basic principles of experimental and non-experimental psychological research. The book is organized so that each chapter focuses on a specific step in the research progress.

Larry Christensen (PhD University of Southern Mississippi) is Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology at the University of South Alabama. Larry is the author of several successful textbooks and has published more than 60 journal articles.

Preface
Introduction to Scientific Research
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Methods of Acquiring Knowledge
Tenacity
Intuition
Authority
Rationalism
Empiricism
Science
Induction
Hypothesis Testing
Naturalism
What Is Science?
Pseudoscience
Overuse of ad hoc Hypotheses to Escape Refutation
Emphasis on Confirmation Rather Than Refutation
Absence of Self-Correction
Reversed Burden of Proof
Overreliance on Testimonials and Anecdotal Evidence
Use of Obscurantist Language
Absence of "Connectivity" with Other Disciplines
Advantage of Scientific Research
Characteristics of Scientific Research
Control
Operationalism
Replication
Objectives of Scientific Research
Description
Explanation
Prediction
Control
Basic Assumptions Underlying Scientific Research
Reality in Nature
Rationality
Regularity
Discoverability
The Role of Theory in Scientific Research
The Role of the Scientist in Research
Curiosity
Patience
Objectivity
Change
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Nonexperimental Research Approaches
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Nonexperimental Quantitative Research
Correlational Study
Ex Post Facto Study
Longitudinal Study and Cross-Sectional Study
Naturalistic Observation
Meta Analysis
The Survey
Qualitative Research
Phenomenology
Ethnography
Case Study
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
The Experimental Research Approach
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Causation
Cause
Effect
Causal Relationship
The Psychological Experiment
Advantages of the Experimental Approach
Disadvantages of the Experimental Approach
Experimental Research Settings
Field Experimentation
Laboratory Experimentation
Internet Experiments
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Problem Identification and Hypothesis Formation
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Sources of Research Ideas
Everyday Life
Practical Issues
Past Research
Theory
Gender Bias in Research Ideas
Ideas Not Capable of Scientific Investigation
Review of the Literature
Getting Started
Defining Objectives
Doing the Search
Obtaining Resources
Additional Information Sources
Feasibility of the Study
Formulating the Research Problem
Defining a Research Problem
Specificity of the Question
Formulating Hypotheses
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Ethics
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Research Ethics: What Are They?
Relationship between Society and Science
Professional Issues
Treatment of Research Participants
Ethical Dilemmas
Ethical Guidelines
Respect for Persons and Their Autonomy
Beneficence and Nonmaleficence
Justice
Trust
Fidelity and Scientific Integrity
APA Ethical Standards for Research
Ethical Issues to Consider When Conducting Research
Institutional Approval
Informed Consent
Deception
Debriefing
Coercion and Freedom to Decline Participation
Confidentiality, Anonymity, and the Concept of Privacy
Ethical Issues in Electronic Research
Ethical Issues in Preparing the Research Report
Ethics of Animal Research
Animal Rights
Alternatives to the Use of Animals
Safeguards in the Use of Animals
Animal Research Guidelines
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Variables Used in Experimentation
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Types of Variables
The Independent Variable
Variation
Establishing Variation in the Independent Variable
Constructing the Independent Variable
Number of Independent Variables
The Dependent Variable
Response to be Used as the Dependent Variable
Reducing Participant Error
Number of Dependent Variables
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Reliability and Validity in Experimental Research
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Relationship between Reliability and Validity
Experimental Reliability
Reliability and the Number and Identification of the Participants
Reliability and the Ability and Characteristics of the Researcher
Reliability and the Independent Variable
Reliability and the Dependent Variable
Measurement Error
Methods of Assessing Reliability
Successive Measurement
Simultaneous Measurement
Internal Consistency
Experimental Validity
Statistical Conclusion Validity
Internal Validity
Threats to Internal Validity
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercise
Construct and External Validity in Experimental Research
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Construct Validity
Assessing Construct Validity
Threats to Construct Validity
External Validity
Population Validity
Ecological Validity
Temporal Validity
Treatment Variation Validity
Outcome Validity
Cautions in Evaluating the External Validity of Experiments
Relationship between Internal and External Validity
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercise
Control Techniques
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Randomization
Matching
Matching by Holding Variables Constant
Matching by Building the Extraneous Variable into the Research Design
Matching by Yoked Control
Matching by Equating Participants
Intrasubject Counterbalancing: The ABBA Technique
Intragroup Counterbalancing
Control of Participation Effects
Double Blind Placebo Model
Deception
Procedural Control, or Control of Participant Interpretation
Control of Experimenter Effects
Control of Recording Errors
Control of Experimenter Attribute Errors
Control of Experimenter Expectancy Error
Likelihood of Achieving Control
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Experimental Research Design
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Research Designs with Threats to Internal Validity
One-Group Posttest-Only Design
One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design
Nonequivalent Posttest-Only Design
Requirements of Experimental Research Designs
Pretesting Participants
Experimental Research Designs
Posttest-Only Design
Pretest-Posttest Design
Choice of a Research Design
Research Question
Control
Between- versus Within-Participants Design
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Quasi-Experimental Designs
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Nonequivalent Comparison Group Design
Outcomes with Rival Hypotheses
Casual Inference from the Nonequivalent Comparison Group Design
Time-Series Design
Interrupted Time-Series Design
Regression Discontinuity Design
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Single-Case Research Designs
Chapter Review
Introduction
Single-Case Designs
ABA Design
Interaction Design
Multiple-Baseline Design
Changing-Criterion Design
Methodological Considerations in Using Single-Case Designs
Baseline
Changing One Variable at a Time
Length of Phases
Criteria for Evaluating Change
Experimental Criterion
Therapeutic Criterion
Rival Hypotheses
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
Data Collection
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Research Participants
Obtaining Animals (Rats)
Obtaining Human Participants
Gender Bias
Sample Size
Power
Apparatus and/or Instruments
Instructions
Scheduling of Research Participants
Procedure
Pilot Study
Institutional Approval
Data Collection
Consent to Participate
Debriefing, or Postexperimental Interview
Debriefing Functions
How to Debrief
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Site
Practice Test
Challenge Exercise
Data Analysis
Chapter Preview
Introduction
Testing the Hypothesis
The Mean
Standard Deviation
Selection of a Statistical Test
Independent Samples t-Test
Significance Level
Analysis of Variance
One-Way Analysis of Variance
Analysis of Variance Summary Table
Interpreting the Results of the Analysis of Variance
Two-Way Analysis of Variance
Rejecting versus Failing to Reject the Null Hypothesis
Potential Errors in the Statistical Decision-Making Process
Correlation
Computation of Correlation
Interpretation of Correlation
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Practice Test
Challenge Exercises
The Research Report
Introduction
The APA Format
Preparation of the Research Report
Writing Style
Language
Editorial Style
Submission of the Research Report for Publication
Acceptance of the Manuscript
Presenting Research Results at Professional Conferences
Oral Presentation
Poster Presentation
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Related Internet Sites
Appendixes
Answers to Practice Tests
Critical Values of t
The 5 Percent and 1 Percent Values for the F-Distribution
Table of Random Numbers
References
Index

×
Free shipping on orders over $35*

*A minimum purchase of $35 is required. Shipping is provided via FedEx SmartPost® and FedEx Express Saver®. Average delivery time is 1 – 5 business days, but is not guaranteed in that timeframe. Also allow 1 - 2 days for processing. Free shipping is eligible only in the continental United States and excludes Hawaii, Alaska and Puerto Rico. FedEx service marks used by permission."Marketplace" orders are not eligible for free or discounted shipping.

Learn more about the TextbookRush Marketplace.

×