Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy A Multicultural Perspective

ISBN-10: 0205482252
ISBN-13: 9780205482252
Edition: 6th 2007 (Revised)
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Description: The only theory text to provide truly integrated discussion of multicultural competencies and clients, this edition has been thoroughly revised and reorganized to make it more user friendly.nbsp;Theoretical approaches are broken out into their own  More...

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Book details

List price: $118.67
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/31/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 576
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.2
Language: English

The only theory text to provide truly integrated discussion of multicultural competencies and clients, this edition has been thoroughly revised and reorganized to make it more user friendly.nbsp;Theoretical approaches are broken out into their own dedicated chapters, including 5 new chapters on post-modern theories.nbsp; The text continues to be the most detailed and specific of all texts in terms of helping students actually practice counseling and therapy. For counseling and psychotherapy students.

Allen E. Ivey received his counseling doctorate from Harvard University and is distinguished Emeritus Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Courtesy Professor, Counselor Education, University of South Florida, Tampa. He is past-President and Fellow of the Society for Counseling Psychology of the American Psychological Association, APA's Society for the Study of Ethnic and Minority Psychology, the Asian-American Psychological Association, and the American Counseling Association. He has received many awards throughout his career and has authored over 40 books and 200 articles and chapters. His works have been translated into 23 languages. His recent work has focused on applying Developmental Counseling and Therapy and neuroscience to the analysis and treatment of severe psychological distress.

Special Features Contents
Preface
About the Authors
The Foundations of Counseling and Therapy: Past and Present Trends
Charting the Theoretical Changes in Counseling and Psychology
Introduction
Multiple Perspectives
Our Stories about Reality Depend on Our Perspective
The Importance of Understanding Our Clients' Worldviews
An Overview of the Three Traditional Theoretical Forces
The Psychodynamic Force
The Cognitive-Behavioral Force
The Existential-Humanistic Force
Limitations of the Three Traditional Theoretical Forces
Newly Emerging Theoretical Forces and Constructs
Postmodernism
Different Worldviews in Counseling and Therapy
Linking Theory to Practice
The Effect of Theoretical Orientation on Therapeutic Response
Spirituality and Religion
The Scientist-Practitioner
Professional Ethics and the Helping Process
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
The Multicultural-Feminist-Social Justice Movement
Introduction
The Rise of the Multicultural-Feminist-Social Justice Force in Counseling and Psychology
Respectful Counseling and Therapy
Religious/Spiritual Identity
Economic Class Background
Sexual Identity
Psychological Maturity
Ethnic/Racial Identity
Chronological Developmental Challenges
Trauma and Other Threats to One's Well-Being
Family Background and History
Unique Physical Characteristics
Location of Residence and Language Differences
Professional Ethics and Multicultural Competence
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Positive Psychology and Wellness Counseling
Introduction
The Wellness Model
The Essential Self
The Coping Self
The Social Self
The Creative Self
The Physical Self
Taking a Contextual and Personal Approach to Wellness Counseling
Brief Therapy and Wellness Counseling
Limitations and Practical Implications of Brief Therapy and Positive Psychology/Wellness Counseling
Summary
Multimedia Resources for this Chapter
Using Microskills in Counseling and Therapy: Foundations of the Intentional Interview
Introduction
Professional Intentionality and Intentional Competence
Multicultural Intentionality
Individual, Family, and Cultural Empathy
Defining Empathy: The Facilitative Conditions
Positive Regard and the Positive Asset Search
Respect and Warmth
Concreteness
Immediacy
Congruence, Genuineness, and Authenticity
Microskills: An Integrative Foundation for Counseling and Therapy
Attending Behavior: A Skill Used in All Theories
Influencing Skills and Strategies
Focusing: Internal and External Attribution
Different Skill Patterns for Different Theories
The Five-Stage Interview: A Viable Model for All Theories
Establishing Rapport and Structure
Gathering Data and Identifying Assets
Determining Outcomes and Goal Setting
Generating Alternative Solutions
Generalizing and Transferring Learning
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Microskills Framework
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
The First, Second, and Third Forces in Counseling and Psychotherapy
The Psychodynamic Tradition: Theoretical Constructions and Practical Applications
Introduction
Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Counseling and Therapy: An Overview
Freud's Psychoanalytic Worldview
The Unconscious and a Person's Developmental History
Freud's Stages of Development: The Roots of Behavior, Emotion, and Thought
Other Key Freudian/Psychoanalytic Concepts
The Individual, Family, and Collective Cultural Unconscious
The Id, Ego, and Superego
Anxiety and Ego Defense Mechanisms
Attachment Theory
Early Research
New Defense Mechanisms Associated with Attachment Theory
Adult Resistant and Avoidance Defense Mechanisms
Psychodynamic Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
Free Association
Interpretation
Dream Analysis and Current Real Issues
Analysis of Resistance
Analysis of Transference and Countertransference
Practical Implications and Limitations of Psychodynamic Methods
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Adlerian and Jungian Counseling and Therapy
Introduction
Alfred Adler and Adlerian Counseling
Overview of Adler's Theory of Individual Psychology
The Adlerian Worldview
Other Key Adlerian Concepts
Adlerian Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
Building a Trusting Relationship
The Assessment Stage
Promoting Insight
Reorientation
Practical Implications and Limitations of Adler's Theory
Carl Jung and Jungian Therapy
The Jungian Worldview
The Family Unconscious: Expanding Jungian Concepts through Multicultural Psychodynamic Theory
The Transcendental Function and Individuation
Other Key Jungian Concepts
Jungian Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
Catharsis and Emotional Cleansing
Elucidation
Education
Transformation
Practical Implications and Limitations of Jung's Theory
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling and Therapy
Introduction
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: An Overview of Behaviorism
Classical Conditioning Theory: Pavlov and Watson
Operant Conditioning Theory: B. F. Skinner
Social Learning Theory: Albert Bandura
Behavioral Counseling and Therapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
Applied Behavioral Analysis
Other Behavioral Strategies
The Cognitive Revolution
Meichenbaum's Theory of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
Aaron Beck, Cognitive Therapy, and Automatic Thoughts
Multicultural Approaches to CBT
CBT Strategies: Applications for Practice
Stress Management
Social Skills Training
Assertiveness Training
Relapse Prevention
Practical Implications and Limitations of CBT
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Rational-Emotive Behavioral Therapy and Reality Therapy
Introduction
Cognition and the Cognitive-Behavioral Force: A Worldview
Albert Ellis and Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
Ellis's Early Training
Ellis's New Approach
Central Theoretical Constructs and Techniques of REBT
Emotion and REBT
Examining Philosophy and Belief Systems
Identifying Irrational Statements
Integration of Theory and Action
The A-B-Cs of Cognition
The D-E-Fs of Promoting and Maintaining Change
REBT and Multicultural Factors
Moving from REBT to REBCT: A Significant Advancement
Working with Clients
Limitations and Practical Implications of Ellis's Theory
William Glasser and Reality Therapy
Central Theoretical Constructs of Reality Therapy
The Importance of Responsibility
Cognitive Trends in Reality Therapy
Theory in Action
Reality Therapy and Multicultural Counseling and Therapy
Limitations and Practical Implications of Glasser's Theory
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
The Existential-Humanistic Tradition
Introduction
The Existential-Humanistic Worldview
Being-in-the-World
Existential Commitment, Intentionality, and the I-Thou Relationship
The Rogerian Revolution: Carl Rogers's Theoretical Worldview
Adding Multicultural Dimensions to Self-Actualization Theory
Fusion and Boundaries in Relationships
The Influence of Rogers
Spirituality, Multiculturalism, and Existential-Humanistic Counseling
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Existential-Humanistic Tradition
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Logotherapy and Gestalt Counseling
Introduction
Viktor Frankl and Logotherapy: An Overview
Frankl's Early Years
Personal Tragedy
Frankl's Search for Meaning
Central Theoretical Constructs of Logotherapy
Cognitive Change and Finding Positive Meanings
Logotherapy Strategies: Applications for Practice
Logotherapy, Spirituality, and Medicine
Spirituality and Psychotherapy as Reconciliation
Multicultural Implications of Logotherapy
Fritz Perls and Gestalt Therapy: An Overview
Central Theoretical Constructs and Techniques
The Gestalt Worldview
Gestalt Techniques
Individualism and Other Cultural/Contextual Considerations
Critiquing Perls's Work from a Multicultural-Feminist-Social Justice Perspective
Limitations and Practical Implications of the Existential-Humanistic Tradition
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
The Fourth Force in Counseling and Therapy: Multicultural and Feminist Perspectives
Feminist Counseling and Therapy
Introduction
The Feminist Counseling and Therapy Movement: An Overview
Developing a New Psychology of Women
Jean Baker Miller
Miriam Greenspan
The FCT Worldview
Self-in-Relation: The Important of Relational Considerations
Factors That Disrupt Relational Connections and Undermine Psychological Health
Self-Reflection by Counselors and Therapists
Avoiding "Victimology"
Dealing with Sexism in Counseling and Therapy
Feminist Identity Development Theory
Stages of Feminist Identity Development Theory
Working Intentionally with Women
Focusing Intentionally on Women's Strengths
FCT and Multicultural Counseling and Therapy
Relational-Cultural Theory
Key Concepts Associated with RCT
Implementing RCT in Practice
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy
Introduction
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy as Metatheory
Generating New Theory from an MCT Perspective
Using Nwachuku's Helping Theory from an MCT Perspective
Implications of Nwachuku's Model for the MCT Metatheory
Being Mindful of Multiple Identities, Contexts, and Experiences
Life-Span Review: Introspective Developmental Counseling
Focus and Consciousness-Raising Groups
Cultural/Racial Identity Development Theory
Identity Development Theory for European-North American Counselors and Therapists
Coconstructing Culturally Appropriate Techniques and Strategies in MCT
Applying Multicultural Counseling and Therapy with Culturally Different Clients
General Guidelines for Working with Persons in Specific Groups
MCT Practice and Multiple Helping Roles
Network Therapy
Traditional Healing
The Liberation of Consciousness: Self-in-Relation
Freire's Five Levels of Consciousness
Freire's Psychoeducational Method
Relating Friere's Educational Method to Counseling and Therapy Practice
Limitations and Practical Implications of MCT
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Developmental Counseling and Therapy: Integrative Theory and Practice
Introduction
The Integrative Worldview of Developmental Counseling and Therapy
The Importance of DCT's Dialectic/Systemic Style
Piagetian Cognitive Stages
DCT Styles and Cultural Identity Development Theory
DCT's Approach to Treatment Planning
Integrating Treatment at Multiple Developmental Levels
DCT and the Treatment of Depression
The Unique Narrative Strategies of DCT
Limitations and Practical Implications of the DCT Integrative Approach
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Family Counseling and Therapy: Theoretical Foundations and Issues of Practice
Introduction
Origins of a Family Perspective
The Systemic Worldview
Cultural Impact and Extensions of Family Systems
Central Constructs of Family Counseling and Theory
The Family Developmental Life Cycle
Effective Family Functioning
Multicultural Issues in Family Counseling and Therapy
Attitudes toward Mental Health and Treatment
Network Therapy
Major Family Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories
Classifying Systemic Therapies
Historical Perspective: Intergenerational Family Therapy
Primary Therapeutic Techniques
Interactional Perspective: Structural Family Therapy
Existential Perspective: Symbolic/Experiential Family Therapy
Postmodern and Integrative Perspectives: Systemic Cognitive-Developmental Therapy
Limitations and Practical Implications of Family Counseling and Therapy
Summary
Multimedia Resources for This Chapter
Identifying Your Own Integrated Approach to Counseling and Therapy
Introduction
The Search for the "Best" Theory
The Foundational Chapters: Basic to All Theories
Searching for Theoretical Integration
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy as the Theoretical Fourth Force
A Summary of the Four Major Theoretical Forces of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Qualitative Research-Multicultural Issues
Constructing Your Own View or Theory of Counseling and Therapy
References
Name Index
Subject Index

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