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Measurement, Models, and Analysis | |

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Measurements and Models | |

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Back to the Future: Echoes of the Big Bang | |

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Units and Standards of Measurement | |

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Unit Conversions | |

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Measurements, Calculations, and Uncertainties | |

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Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude Calculations | |

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How to Study Physics | |

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Problem Solving | |

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Motion in One Dimension | |

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Reference Frames, Coordinate Systems, and Displacement | |

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Average Speed and Average Velocity | |

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Graphical Interpretation of Velocity | |

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Instantaneous Velocity | |

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Acceleration | |

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Motion with Constant Acceleration | |

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Galileo and Free Fall | |

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Back to the Future: Galileo and Experimental Science | |

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Solving Quadratic Equations | |

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Motion in Two Dimensions | |

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Vectors | |

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Addition of Vectors | |

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Resolution of Vectors | |

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Relative Velocity in One Dimension | |

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Relative Velocity in Two Dimensions | |

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Kinematics in Two Dimensions | |

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Projectile Motion | |

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Review of Trigonometry | |

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Force and Motion | |

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Events Leading to Newton's Principia | |

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What Is a Force? | |

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Back to the Future: The Writing of the Principia | |

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Newton's First Law--Inertia | |

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Newton's Second Law | |

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Weight | |

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Newton's Third Law | |

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Some Applications of Newton's Laws | |

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Friction | |

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Physics in Practice: The Friction of Automobile Tires | |

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Static Equilibrium | |

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The Laws of Motion as a Whole | |

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Solving Simultaneous Equations | |

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Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation | |

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Uniform Circular Motion | |

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Force Needed for Circular Motion | |

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Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion | |

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The Law of Universal Gravitation | |

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Back to the Future: Johannes Kepler | |

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The Universal Gravitational Constant G | |

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Gravitational Field Strength | |

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Back to the Future: Henry Cavendish and the Density of the Earth | |

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Work and Energy | |

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Work | |

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Work Done by a Varying Force | |

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Energy | |

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Kinetic Energy | |

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Potential Energy | |

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Conservation of Mechanical Energy | |

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Energy Conservation with Nonconservative Forces | |

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Power | |

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Physics in Practice: Human Energy | |

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Linear Momentum | |

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Linear Momentum | |

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Impulse | |

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Newton's Laws and the Conservation of Momentum | |

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Conservation of Momentum in One-Dimensional Collisions | |

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Conservation of Momentum in Two- and Three-Dimensional Collisions | |

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Changing Mass | |

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Applying the Conservation Laws | |

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Definition of Elastic Collisions | |

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Elastic Collisions in One Dimension | |

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Elastic Collisions in Two Dimensions | |

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General Form of Gravitational Potential Energy | |

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Physics in Practice: Symmetry and Conservation Laws | |

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Motion in a Gravitational Potential | |

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Escape Speed | |

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Rigid Bodies and Rotational Motion | |

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Angular Velocity and Angular Acceleration | |

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Rotational Kinematics | |

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Torque | |

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Static Equilibrium | |

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Elasticity: Stress and Strain | |

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Physics in Practice: Bridges | |

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Torque and Moment of Inertia | |

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Angular Momentum | |

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Conservation of Angular Momentum | |

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Rotational Kinetic Energy | |

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Conservation of Energy: Translations and Rotations | |

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Physics in Practice: The Earth, the Moon, and the Tides | |

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Fluids | |

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Hydrostatic Pressure | |

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Pascal's Principle | |

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Archimedes' Principle | |

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Physics in Practice: Measuring Blood Pressure | |

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Surface Tension | |

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Fluid Flow: Streamlines and the Equation of Continuity | |

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Physics in Practice: Surface Tension and the Lungs | |

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Bernoulli's Equation | |

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Viscosity and Poiseuille's Law | |

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Stokes's Law and Terminal Speed | |

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Physics in Practice: How Airplanes Fly | |

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Turbulent Flow | |

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Thermal Physics | |

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Temperature and States of Matter | |

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Thermometry | |

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Back to the Future: Fahrenheit's Thermometer | |

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Thermal Expansion | |

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The Mechanical Equivalent of Heat | |

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Calorimetry | |

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Change of Phase | |

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Heat Transfer | |

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Gas Laws and Kinetic Theory | |

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The Pressure of Air | |

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Boyle's Law | |

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Back to the Future: Gas Laws and Balloons | |

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The Law of Charles and Gay-Lussac | |

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The Ideal Gas Law | |

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The Kinetic Theory of Gases | |

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The Kinetic-Theory Definition of Temperature | |

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Internal Energy of an Ideal Gas | |

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The Barometric Formula and the Distribution of Molecular Speeds | |

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The Exponential Function | |

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Thermodynamics | |

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Thermal Equilibrium | |

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The First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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The Carnot Cycle and the Efficiency of Engines | |

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Physics in Practice: Gasoline Engines | |

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Refrigerators and Heat Pumps | |

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The Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Entropy and the Second Law | |

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Energy and Thermal Pollution | |

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Periodic Motion | |

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Hooke's Law | |

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The Simple Harmonic Oscillator | |

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Energy of a Harmonic Oscillator | |

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Period of a Harmonic Oscillator | |

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The Simple Pendulum | |

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Damped Harmonic Motion | |

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Physics in Practice: Walking and Running | |

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Forced Harmonic Motion and Resonance | |

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Waves and Sound | |

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Pulses on a Rope | |

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Harmonic Waves | |

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Energy and Information Transfer by Waves | |

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Sound Waves | |

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Measuring Sound Levels | |

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The Doppler Effect | |

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Physics in Practice: Room Acoustics | |

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Formation of a Shock Wave | |

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Reflection of a Wave Pulse | |

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Standing Waves on a String | |

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Waves in a Vibrating Column of Air | |

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Beats | |

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Physics in Practice: Hearing and the Ear | |

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Electric Charge and Electric Field | |

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Electric Charge | |

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Coulomb's Law | |

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Superposition of Electric Forces | |

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The Electric Field | |

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Superposition of Electric Fields | |

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Electric Flux and Gauss's Law | |

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A Quantitative Approach to Gauss's Law | |

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The Electric Dipole | |

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Physics in Practice: Dipoles and Microwave Ovens | |

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Electric Potential and Capacitance | |

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Electric Potential | |

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The Van de Graaff Electrostatic Generator | |

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The Electron Volt | |

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Equipotential Surfaces | |

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Back to the Future: The Leyden Jar and Franklin's Kite | |

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Capacitors | |

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The Parallel-Plate Capacitor | |

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Electric Field of a Parallel-Plate Capacitor | |

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Dielectrics | |

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Energy Storage in a Capacitor | |

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Electric Current and Resistance | |

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Electric Current and Electromotive Force | |

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Electric Resistance and Ohm's Law | |

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Resistivity | |

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Power and Energy in Electric Circuits | |

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Physics in Practice: Superconductivity | |

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Short Circuits and Open Circuits | |

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Kirchhoff's Rules and Simple Resistive Circuits | |

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Applications of Kirchhoff's Rules | |

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Capacitors in Combination | |

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Internal Resistance of a Battery | |

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Home Power Distribution | |

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Physics in Practice: Electric Shock | |

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Magnetism | |

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Magnets and Magnetic Fields | |

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Oersted's Discovery: Electric Current Produces Magnetism | |

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Physics in Practice: Magnetic Resonance Imaging | |

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Magnetic Forces on Electric Currents | |

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Magnetic Forces on Moving Charged Particles | |

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The Cyclotron | |

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Magnetic Field Due to a Current-Carrying Wire | |

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Torque on a Current Loop | |

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Galvanometers, Ammeters, and Voltmeters | |

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Ampere's Law | |

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Magnetic Materials | |

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Electromagnetic Induction | |

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Faraday's Law | |

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Motional Emf | |

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Generators and Motors | |

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The Transformer | |

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Inductance | |

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Energy Storage in a Magnetic Field | |

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The Experimental Laws of Electromagnetism | |

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Maxwell's Equations | |

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Physics in Practice: Linear Accelerators for Radiation Therapy | |

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Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Alternating-Current Circuits | |

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The RL Circuit | |

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The RC Circuit | |

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Effective Values of Alternating Current | |

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Physics in Practice: Electrocardiography | |

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Reactance | |

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The RLC Series Circuit | |

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Resonant Circuits | |

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Geometrical Optics | |

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Models of Light: Rays and Waves | |

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Reflection and Refraction | |

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Back to the Future: The Speed of Light | |

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Total Internal Reflection | |

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Fiber Optics | |

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Thin Lenses | |

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Locating Images by Ray Tracing | |

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The Thin-Lens Equation | |

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Spherical Mirrors | |

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Lens Aberrations | |

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Optical Instruments | |

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The Eye | |

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The Magnifying Glass | |

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Cameras and Projectors | |

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Compound Microscopes | |

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Telescopes | |

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Other Lenses | |

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Back to the Future: Development of the Telescope | |

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Wave Optics | |

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Huygens' Principle | |

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Reflection and Refraction of Light Waves | |

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Interference of Light | |

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Interference of Thin Films | |

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Diffraction by a Single Slit | |

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Multiple-Slit Diffraction and Gratings | |

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Resolution and the Rayleigh Criterion | |

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Dispersion | |

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Spectroscopes and Spectra | |

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Polarization | |

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Scattering | |

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Relativity | |

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Principle of Relativity | |

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Einstein's Postulates of Special Relativity | |

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Velocity Addition | |

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Back to the Future: Albert Einstein | |

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Simultaneity | |

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Time Dilation | |

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Length Contraction | |

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Physics in Practice: The Twin Paradox | |

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Mass and Energy | |

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Physics in Practice: The Appearance of Moving Objects | |

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Relativistic Momentum | |

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Relativisitic Kinetic Energy | |

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The Relativistic Doppler Effect | |

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The Principle of Equivalence | |

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General Relativity | |

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The Discovery of Atomic Structure | |

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Evidence of Atoms from Solids and Gases | |

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Electrolysis and the Quantization of Charge | |

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Avogadro's Number and the Periodic Table | |

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The Size of Atoms | |

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Crystals and X-Ray Diffraction | |

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Discovery of the Electron | |

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Back to the Future: Seeing Atoms | |

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Radioactivity | |

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Radioactive Decay | |

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Discovery of the Atomic Nucleus | |

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Origins of the Quantum Theory | |

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Spectroscopy | |

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Balmer's Series | |

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Back to the Future: Fraunhofer and the Solar Spectrum | |

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Blackbody Radiation | |

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The Photoelectric Effect | |

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Physics in Practice: Photons and Vision | |

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Bohr's Theory of the Hydrogen Atom | |

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Successes of the Bohr Theory | |

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Moseley and the Periodic Table | |

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Quantum Mechanics | |

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Classical and Quantum Mechanics | |

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The Compton Effect | |

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De Broglie Waves | |

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Back to the Future: Electron Microscopes | |

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Schrodinger's Equation | |

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The Uncertainty Principle | |

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Interpretation of the Wave Function | |

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The Particle in a Box | |

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Tunneling or Barrier Penetration | |

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Wave Theory of the Hydrogen Atom | |

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The Zeeman Effect and Space Quantization | |

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The Pauli Exclusion Principle | |

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Understanding the Periodic Table | |

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The Nucleus | |

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Radioactivity | |

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Chadwick's Discovery of the Neutron | |

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Composition and Size of the Nucleus | |

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Nuclear Forces and Binding Energy | |

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Conservation Rules: Radioactive and Nuclear Stability | |

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Natural Radioactive Decay Series | |

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Models for Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Decay | |

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Detectors of Radiation | |

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Radiation Measurement and Biological Effects | |

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Induced Transmutation and Reactions | |

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Nuclear Fission | |

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Back to the Future: Lisa Meitner and Nuclear Fission | |

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Nuclear Fusion | |

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Lasers, Holography, and Color | |

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Stimulated Emission of Light | |

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Lasers | |

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The Helium-Neon Laser | |

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Properties of Laser Light | |

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Holography | |

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Light and Color | |

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Physics in Practice: White-Light Holograms | |

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Color by Addition and Subtraction | |

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Condensed Matter | |

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Types of Condensed Matter | |

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The Free-Electron Model of Metals | |

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Physics in Practice: Liquid Crystal Displays | |

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Electrical Conductivity and Ohm's Law | |

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Band Theory of Solids | |

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Pure Semiconductors | |

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The Hall Effect | |

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Impure Semiconductors | |

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The pnJunction | |

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Rectifier Circuits | |

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Solar Cells and Light-Emitting Diodes | |

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Elementary Particle Physics | |

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Particles and Antiparticles | |

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Pions and the Strong Nuclear Force | |

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Back to the Future: Cosmic Rays | |

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More and More Particles | |

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Accelerators and Detectors | |

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Classification of Elementary Particles | |

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The Quark Model of Matter | |

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Unified Theories | |

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Cosmology | |

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Appendices | |

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Formulas from Algebra, Geometry, and Trigonometry | |

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The International System of Units | |

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Alphabetical List of Elements | |

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Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems | |

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Photo Credits | |

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Index | |