Understanding Computers and Cognition A New Foundation for Design

ISBN-10: 0201112973

ISBN-13: 9780201112979

Edition: 1986

List price: $49.99
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Understanding Computers and Cognition presents an important and controversial new approach to understanding what computers do and how their functioning is related to human language, thought, and action. While it is a book about computers, Understanding Computers and Cognition goes beyond the specific issues of what computers can or can't do. It is a broad-ranging discussion exploring the background of understanding in which the discourse about computers and technology takes place. Understanding Computers and Cognition is written for a wide audience, not just those professionals involved in computer design or artificial intelligence. It represents an important contribution to the ongoing discussion about what it means to be a machine, and what it means to be human. Book jacket.
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Book details

List price: $49.99
Copyright year: 1986
Publisher: Addison Wesley Professional
Publication date: 1/1/1987
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 224
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.858
Language: English

Robert C. Solomon (1942-2007) was internationally renowned as a teacher and lecturer in philosophy. He was Quincy Lee Centennial Professor and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan and over the course of his career taught at numerous institutions, including Princeton University, the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Auckland, and the University of California, in addition to the University of Texas. He authored more than 40 books, including INTRODUCING PHILOSOPHY, A SHORT HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY, THE PASSIONS, IN THE SPIRIT OF HEGEL, ABOUT LOVE, ABOVE THE BOTTOM LINE, Fourth Edition (with Clancy Martin), ETHICS AND EXCELLENCE, THE JOY OF PHILOSOPHY, and TRUE TO OUR FEELINGS, and he was co-editor of TWENTY QUESTIONS, Fifth Edition (with Lee Bowie and Meredith Michaels), and SINCE SOCRATES (with Clancy Martin).Fernando Flores is recognized as a leader in the world of business process design, coaching, innovation, cognition, and education. His work laid the foundation for much of the current understanding about action workflow and commitment management theory, having been discussed in hundreds of publications, and taught at leading universities around the world. He is the author of Understanding Computers and Cognition, A New Foundation for Design, co-authored with Dr. Terry Winograd; Disclosing New Worlds: Entrepreneurship, Democatic Action and the Cultivation of Solidarity, co-authored with Hubert Dreyfus and Charles Spinosa; and Building Trust, co-authored with Robert Solomon.

Theoretical Background
The question of design
The role of tradition
Our path
The rationalistic tradition
The rationalistic orientation
Language, truth, and the world
Decision making and problem solving
Cognitive science
Understanding and Being
Understanding and ontology
An illustration of thrownness
Breaking down and readiness-to-hand
Cognition as a biological phenomenon
The closure of the nervous system
Autopoiesis, evolution, and learning
The cognitive domain
Consensual domains
The observer and description
Domains of explanation
Language, listening, and commitment
Listening in a background
Meaning, commitment, and speech acts
Objectivity and tradition
Recurrence and formalization
Breakdown, language, and existence
Towards a new orientation
Cognition and being in the world
Knowledge and representation
Pre-understanding and background
Language and action
Breakdown and the ontology of design
Computation, Thought, and Language
Computers and representation
Programming as representation
Levels of representation
Can computers do more than you tell them to do?
Computation and intelligence
Why do we ask?
Intelligence as rational problem solving
The phenomenon of blindness
What about learning and evolution?
Can pigs have wings?
Understanding language
Artificial intelligence and language understanding
The problem of background
Understanding as pattern recognition
What does it mean to understand?
Current directions in artificial intelligence
The forking of the paths
Expert systems
The fifth generation computer system
Management and conversation
Management and decision making
Decision making and resolution
Organizations as networks of commitments
Decision support systems
Tools for conversation
Using computers: A direction for design
A background for computer design
A design example
Systematic domains
Technology and transformation
Name Index
Subject Index
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