Sources in Patterns of World History

ISBN-10: 0199846170
ISBN-13: 9780199846177
Edition: 2012
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Description: Patterns of World History comes to the teaching of world history from the perspective of innovations the engine of historical change. Innovation is nothing new; so what we advocate in this book is a distinct intellectual framework for understanding  More...

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Book details

List price: $18.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 4/27/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

Patterns of World History comes to the teaching of world history from the perspective of innovations the engine of historical change. Innovation is nothing new; so what we advocate in this book is a distinct intellectual framework for understanding innovation through its patterns of origin,interaction, and adaptation. Each small or large technical or cultural innovation originated in one geographical center, or independently in several different centers. As people in the centers interacted with their neighbors, the neighbors adapted to - and in many cases were transformed by - theinnovations. By adaptation we include the entire spectrum of human responses, ranging from outright rejection to creative borrowing and, at times, forced acceptance.What do we gain by studying world history as patterns of innovation? First, if we consider innovation to be a driving force of history, it helps satisfy an intrinsic human curiosity about origins - our own and others. Perhaps more importantly, seeing patterns of innovation in historical developmentbrings to light connections and linkages among peoples, cultures, and regions that might not otherwise present themselves. At the same time such patterns can also reveal differences among cultures that other approaches to world history tend to neglect. For example, the differences between thecivilizations of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres are generally highlighted in world history texts, but the broad commonalities of human groups creating agriculturally-based cities and states in widely separated areas also show deep parallels in their patterns of origins, interactions andadaptations: such comparisons are at the center of our approach.Second, this kind of analysis offers insights into how an individual innovation was subsequently developed and diffused across space and time-that is, the patterns by which the new eventually becomes a necessity in our daily lives. Through all of this we gain a deeper appreciation of the unfoldingof global history from its origins in small communities to the densely populated large countries in our present world.Finally, our use of a broad-based understanding of innovation allows us to restore culture in all its individual and institutionalized aspects - spiritual, artistic, intellectual, scientific - to its rightful place alongside technology, environment, politics, and socio-economic conditions. That is,understanding innovation in this way allows this text to help illuminate the full range of human ingenuity over time and space in a comprehensive, evenhanded, and open-ended fashion.

James Joyce was born on February 2, 1882, in Dublin, Ireland, into a large Catholic family. Joyce was a very good pupil, studying poetics, languages, and philosophy at Clongowes Wood College, Belvedere College, and the Royal University in Dublin. Joyce taught school in Dalkey, Ireland, before marrying in 1904. Joyce lived in Zurich and Triest, teaching languages at Berlitz schools, and then settled in Paris in 1920 where he figured prominently in the Parisian literary scene, as witnessed by Ernest Hemingway's A Moveable Feast. Joyce's collection of fine short stories, Dubliners, was published in 1914, to critical acclaim. Joyce's major works include A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses, Finnegans Wake, and Stephen Hero. Ulysses, published in 1922, is considered one of the greatest English novels of the 20th century. The book simply chronicles one day in the fictional life of Leopold Bloom, but it introduces stream of consciousness as a literary method and broaches many subjects controversial to its day. As avant-garde as Ulysses was, Finnegans Wake is even more challenging to the reader as an important modernist work. Joyce died just two years after its publication, in 1941.

Primary Sources: How to Read Them and Why They are Important in World History
The African Origins of Humanity, Prehistory to 10,000 BCE
Bad Hair Days in the Paleolithic
Of Lice and Men
Shamans and Cave Painting
Not All Hominids Are Human Beings
Theories of Race and the History of Africa
Deep History and Convergent Evolution
Agrarian-Urban Centers of the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean, 11,500 - 600 B.C.E.
An Egyptian Creation Myth
A Mesopotamian Creation Myth
Law Codes of Hammurabi
The Descent of Ishtar Into the Underworld
Hesiod's Theogony
Cuneiform Tablet from Mesopotamia, ca. 2000 BCE
Shifting Agrarian Centers in India, 3000 B.C.E. - 606 B.C.E.
The Mystery of the Harappan Seals
The Code of Manu
Hymn to Creation from the Rig Veda
Agrarian Patterns and the Mandate of Heaven in Ancient China, 5000 - 481 BCE
Shang Oracle Bones
Ancestor Worship and Human Sacrifice from the Shi Jing
Pan Gu: A Chinese Creation Myth
The Announcement to the Duke of Shao
Origins Apart: The Americas and Oceania
The Wealth of La Venta
The Mound Builder Cultures of North America: Poverty Point
A Polynesian Creation Myth
Reed Chart from the Marshall Islands, South Pacific
Chiefdoms and Early States in Africa and the Americas, 600 BCE-600 CE
The Gold Mines of Nubia
Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: Travel and Trade in the Red Sea and India Ocean
The Popol Vuh
"The Creation" by Diego Rivera
Persia, Greece, and Rome
Darius I of Persia: the Behistan Inscription
Herodotus on the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BCE)
Anixmander, "On Nature"
Plutarch on Julius Caesar
Eusebius on Constantine the Great
TheTondoofSt. Mamai
Empires and Visionaries in India
The Dhammapada
Kautilya, "The Duties of Government Superintendents"
Faxien, A Record of Buddhist Countries
The Status of Women in Ancient India
Jain Cosmological Map
China: Imperial Unification and Perfecting the Moral Order 722 B.C.E. - 618 C.E.
Han Fei-tzu, Selections on Legalism
Confucius, Selections from the Analects
Laozi, excerpt from the Daode Jing, "The Unvarying Way"
Ban Zhao, "Admonitions for Women"
Islamic Civilization and Byzantium, 600 � 1300
The Quran: "The Five Pillars," from Surah 2, ("The Cow")
Al-Ghazali, excerpt from Confessions
Al-Farabi on the Perfect Society
IbnFadlan's Account of the Rus
John of Damascus, "On Icons"
Arabic Science
Innovations and Adaptation in the Western Christian World, 600 � 1400
The Rule of St. Benedict
Einhard, Life of Charlemagne
Dante, Canto XIX from the Inferno
Regulations for the London Spurrier's Guild, 1347
Marchione di Coppio Stefani on the Black Death in Florence
The Medieval World View
Contrasting Patterns in India and China, 600 -1600
Al-Biruni on India
Tang Taizong on Effective Government
Two Poems by Li Bo
Ibn Wahab, An Arab Merchant Visits Tang China
Marco Polo Describes China under Mongol Rule
Religious Civilizations Interacting: Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia, 100 C.E. -1400 C.E.
Nihongi, or The Chronicles of Japan
The "Taika Reform Edicts"
A Korean Foundation Myth
Yi Kyu-bo on Personal Piety
Patterns of State Formation in Africa, 600 -1450 C.E.
The Glorious Victories of Amda Seyon, King of Ethiopia
The Swahili Saga of Liyongo Fumo
Ibn Battuta on Mali
The Epic of Sundiata
The Rise of Empires in the Americas, 600-1550
The Founding of Tenochtitl�n
Human Sacrifice by the Aztecs
Machu Picchu
The Inca Census
The Ottoman-Habsburg Struggle and European Overseas Expansion, 1450-1600
The Tribute of Children
A European Ambassador Reports on the Ottomans
An Ottoman Travel Journal
The Journal of Christopher Columbus
Renaissance, Reformation, and the New Science in Europe, 1450-1700
Marsilio Ficino, "Letter to Paul of Middelburg"
Laura Cereta to Cardinal Ascanio Maria Sforza
John Calvin, Prayer from Commentary on Hosea
Galileo Galilei, Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
Antony van Leeuwenhoek's "Animalcules"
Galileo's Views of the Moon
Peter the Great, "Correspondence with Alexis, 1715"
New Patterns in New Worlds: Colonialism and Indigenous Responses in the Americas, 1500-1800
Aztecs Recount the Beginning of the War with the Conquistadors
Letter from Hernando de Soto
Coronado's Report to Viceroy Mendoza
Increase Mather on King Philip's Death
Reasons for Colonizing North America

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