Biomineralization Principles and Concepts in Bioinorganic Materials Chemistry

ISBN-10: 0198508824
ISBN-13: 9780198508823
Edition: 2001
Authors: Stephen Mann
List price: $125.00
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Description: This book describes the principles and concepts of biomineralization and their application in the new field of biomimetic materials chemistry. The main focus is on the principles and concepts that arise from a chemical perspective of  More...

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Book details

List price: $125.00
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/10/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 210
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.034

This book describes the principles and concepts of biomineralization and their application in the new field of biomimetic materials chemistry. The main focus is on the principles and concepts that arise from a chemical perspective of biomineralization. After surveying the major types of biominerals (chapter 2) the general principles of biomineralization are discussed (chapter 3), followed by a detailed description of the chemical aspects of biomineralization (chapter 4). The next four chapters are concerned with the process of biomineralization, including boundary-organized biomineralization (chapter 5), organic matrix-mediated biomineralization (chapter 6), morphogenesis (chapter 7) and biomineral tectonics (chapter 8). The final chapter describes how current knowledge of biomineralization is inspiring new biomimetic strategies in synthetic materials chemistry.

Preface
Inorganic structures of life
Biomineralization--the big picture
Biomineralization--a new chemistry
This book
Further reading
Biomineral types and functions
Calcium carbonate--calcite and aragonite
Shells--big and small
Gravity sensors
Lenses
Calcium carbonate--vaterite and amorphous phases
Calcium phosphate
Bone
Teeth
Other Group 2A biominerals
Silica
Iron oxides
Magnetic bacteria
Rusty proteins
Iron teeth
Metal sulfides
Summary
Further reading
General principles of biomineralization
Biologically induced mineralization
Biologically controlled mineralization
Site-directed biomineralization
Lipid vesicles
Macromolecular frameworks
Site requirements
Control mechanisms
Chemical control
Spatial control
Structural control
Morphological control
Constructional control
General model
Summary
Further reading
Chemical control of biomineralization
Solubility
Solubility product
Supersaturation
Nucleation
Oriented nucleation--epitaxy
Crystal growth
Mechanisms
Crystal growth inhibition
Crystal morphology
Equilibrium morphology
Habit modification
Polymorphism
Phase transformations
Amorphous precursors
Crystalline intermediates--calcium phosphates
Rusty transformations--iron oxides
Summary
Further reading
Boundary-organized biomineralization
Spatial boundaries
Phospholipid vesicles
Protein vesicles--ferritin
Cellular assemblies
Macromolecular frameworks
Supersaturation control within spatial boundaries
Ion transport
Ion fluxes in calcification
Calcification in green algae
Coccolith calcification
Summary
Further reading
Organic matrix-mediated biomineralization
Organic matrices as mechanical frameworks
Macromolecules and the organic matrix--a general model
Matrix macromolecules in bone
Collagen
Non-collagenous proteins in bone
Tooth enamel proteins
Matrix macromolecules from shell nacre
Macromolecules and silica biomineralization--diatoms and sponges
Organic matrix-mediated nucleation
Interfacial molecular recognition
Electrostatic accumulation--the ionotropic model
Nucleation in ferritin
Surface topography
Structural matching--the geometric model
The stereochemical model
Summary
Further reading
Morphogenesis
Symmetry breaking
Vectorial regulation
Chemical patterning
Physical patterning
Pattern formation in biomineralization
Scaffolds
Vesicle foams--diatoms and radiolarians
Cellular groupings
Variations on a theme
Summary
Further reading
Biomineral tectonics
Structural hierarchy--bone
Prefabrication
Higher-order assembly
Multilevel processing
Coccoliths
Stages of construction
Summary
Further reading
Biomineral-inspired materials chemistry
Concepts and strategies
Synthesis in confined reaction spaces
Synthetic vesicles
Artificial ferritins
Bacterial threads
Polymer sponges
Template-directed materials synthesis
Biomineral matrices
Lipid tubules
Oriented nucleation on soap films
Morphosynthesis of biomimetic form
Physical patterning with supramolecular templates
Physical patterning from reaction field replication
Chemical patterning in unstable reaction fields
Crystal tectonics
Interactive assembly
Programmed assembly
Summary
Further reading
Index

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