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Brain Architecture Understanding the Basic Plan

ISBN-10: 019537858X
ISBN-13: 9780195378580
Edition: 2nd 2012
Authors: Larry W. Swanson
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Description: Now in its second edition,Brain Architectureis the continued exploration of how the brain works. At the very core of our existence, the brain generates our thoughts and feelings, directs our voluntary interactions with the environment, and  More...

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Book details

List price: $44.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/26/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.210

Now in its second edition,Brain Architectureis the continued exploration of how the brain works. At the very core of our existence, the brain generates our thoughts and feelings, directs our voluntary interactions with the environment, and coordinates all of the vital functions within the body itself. This long-overdue new edition explains this oftentimes daunting intricacy and exquisite detail. The first half of the book discusses the basic parts and how they work, presenting an overview of the nervous system at both the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The approach follows three classic lines of thought that proceed from simple to complex: the history of neuroscience research, the evolution of the nervous system, and the embryological development of the vertebrate central and peripheral nervous systems. The second half of the book outlines the basic wiring diagram of the brain and nervous system-how the parts are interconnected and how they control behavior and the internal state of the body. This is done within the framework of a new four-system network model that greatly simplifies understanding the structure-function organization of the nervous system. Written in clear and sparkling prose, beautifully illustrated, and thoroughly updated,Brain Architecture, Second Edition is must-read for anyone interested in the science of how the brain works.

Preface to the First Edition
Thinking about the Brain: Body and Mind
How the Brain Works: History, Structure, and Function
Three Biological Perspectives
The Simplest Nervous Systems: Neurons, Nerve Nets, and Behavior
Unicellular Organisms: Behaviors Essential for Survival
Animals without Neurons: Independent Effectors
The First Nervous System: Hydra's Body and Behavior
Sensory Neurons: Functional Polarity of Dendrites and Axon
Motor Neurons: A Second Distinct Neuron Type
Nerve Nets: Amacrine Extensions and Activity Patterns
Interneurons: Sign Switchers and Pattern Generators
Overview: Evolution of Architecture, Not Building Blocks
Centralization and Symmetry: Ganglia and Nerves
Flatworms: Bilaterally Symmetrical Predators
Segmented Worms: Inner Ventral Nerve Cord
More Evolved Invertebrates
Overview: Polarity, Regionalization, Bilateral Symmetry, Segments
The Basic Vertebrate Plan: Transverse Divisions
Embryological Perspectives
Earliest Stages of Mammalian Development
Neural Plate: Central Nervous System Divisions
Neural Tube: Transverse Brain Divisions
Neural Crest and Placodes: Peripheral Nervous System
Neurogenesis: Longitudinal Divisions, Parts List, and Adult Flatmap
Generating Neuron Types: Longitudinal Central Nervous System Divisions
Generating Gray Matter Regions
Macroconnections, Mesoconnections, and Microconnections
A Nervous System Flatmap for Mammals
Overview: Parts of the Nervous System
Brain and Behavior: A Four Systems Network Model
Reflex and Voluntary Control of Behavior
Behavioral State Control
Topography versus Systems
Overview: Defining Each System
The Motor System: Coordinating External and Internal Behaviors
Motor Neuron Varieties
Introduction to the Somatic Motor System: Flexion
Distribution of Somatic Motor Neuron Pools
Central Pattern Generators-Sets of Motor Neuron Pools
Pattern Initiators and Controllers: Drive and Motivation
The Autonomic Motor System
The Neuroendocrine Motor System
The Cerebellum: Motor Coordination and Learning
Overview: Integration within and between Motor Systems
The Behavioral State System: Intrinsic Control of Sleep and Wakefulness
Circadian Rhythms: The Day-Night Cycle
Reproductive Cycles
Sleep-Wake Cycles
Modulating Behavioral State
The Cognitive System: Thinking and Voluntary Control of Behavior
Cerebral Cortex Regionalization
Cortical Cellular Organization
Cortical Outputs
The Cerebral Nuclei
Triple Caudal (Descending) Projection from Cerebrum
The Sensory System: Inputs from Environment and Body
Evolution and Development of Sensory Neurons
Overview of Sensory Neurons
Overview of Sensory Pathways
Forebrain Sensory Systems: Olfactory, Visual, Humoral, and Osmotic
Ganglion Cell Sensory Systems: Submodalities
Affect: Pain and Pleasure, Emotion, and Mood
Modifiability: Learning, Stress, Cycles, and Damage Repair
Learning: Changing Synaptic Strength
Stress: Biochemical Switching
Cycles: Circadian and Reproductive
Damage Repair: Regrowth
Genome and Connectome
Describing Position in the Animal Body
Naming and Classifying Nervous System Parts
Methods for Analyzing Brain Architecture

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