Reason and Religious Belief An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion

ISBN-10: 0195335996
ISBN-13: 9780195335996
Edition: 4th 2009
List price: $59.95
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Description: What is the status of belief in God? Must a rational case be made or can such belief be properly basic? Is it possible to reconcile the concept of a good God with evil and suffering? In light of great differences among religions, can only one  More...

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Book details

List price: $59.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/29/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.144
Language: English

What is the status of belief in God? Must a rational case be made or can such belief be properly basic? Is it possible to reconcile the concept of a good God with evil and suffering? In light of great differences among religions, can only one religion be true? The most comprehensive work of its kind, Reason and Religious Belief, now in its fourth edition, explores these and other perennial questions in the philosophy of religion. Drawing from the best in both classical and contemporary discussions, the authors examine religious experience, faith and reason, the divine attributes, arguments for and against the existence of God, divine action (in various forms of theism), Reformed epistemology, religious language, religious diversity, religion and science, and much more. Retaining the engaging style and thorough coverage of previous editions, the fourth edition adds a critical new chapter on the ontological status of religion and the nature of religious claims. It also features revised treatments of omnipotence, miracles, and providence and updated suggestions for further reading. A sophisticated yet accessible introduction, Reason and Religious Belief, Fourth Edition, is ideally suited for use with the authors' companion anthology, Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, Third Edition (OUP, 2006).

William Hasker (Ph.D., University of Edinburgh) is professor emeritus of philosophy at Huntington College in Huntington, Indiana. His books include Metaphysics: Constructing a World View; God, Time, and Knowledge; Reason and Religious Belief (with Michael Peterson, David Basinger and Bruce Reichenbach); The Openness of God (with Clark Pinnock, Richard Rice, John Sanders and David Basinger); Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings (edited with Michael Peterson, David Basinger and Bruce Reichenbach); The Emergent Self; Middle Knowledge: Theory and Applications (edited with David Basinger and Eef Dekker) and Providence, Evil and the Openness of God.

Bruce R. Reichenbach (Ph.D. Northwestern University) is a professor of philosophy at Augsburg College in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He has also been a visiting professor at Juniata College, Daystar University in Kenya and Morija Theological Seminary in Lesotho. He is the author or coauthor of a number books, including Introduction to Critical Thinking, On Behalf of God: A Christian Ethic for Biology (coauthored with V. Elving Anderson) and Evil and a Good God.

David Basinger is professor of philosophy and ethics at Roberts Wesleyan College in Rochester, New York. He is the author of Divine Power in Process Theism (SUNY) and joint author of the books Reason and Religious Belief: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (Oxford) and Religious Diversity: A Philosophical Assessment (Ashgate).

Preface to the Fourth Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Introduction
Thinking About God: The Search for the Ultimate
Defining Religion
What Is Philosophy of Religion?
The God of Theism
The Religious Ambiguity of Life
Our Task
The Nature of Religion: What are Religious Beliefs About?
Nonrealism
Realism
Wittgenstein
Conclusion
Religious Experience: What Does it Mean to Encounter the Divine?
Types of Religious Experience
Religious Experience as Feeling
Religious Experience as Perceptual Experience
Religious Experience as Interpretation Based on Religious Beliefs
Can Religious Experience Justify Religious Belief?
The Principle of Credulity
Diversity of Religious Experiences
Is There a Common Core to Religious Experience?
Faith and Reason: How are They Related?
Can Reason Be Trusted?
Strong Rationalism
Fideism
Critical Rationalism
The Divine Attributes: What is God Like?
Perfect and Worthy of Worship
Necessary and Self-Existent
Personal and Free Creator
All-Powerful, All-Knowing, and Perfectly Good
God Eternal-Timeless or Everlasting
Theistic Arguments: Is There Evidence for God's Existence?
Theistic Arguments as Proofs
The Ontological Argument
Contemporary Versions of the Ontological Argument
The Cosmological Argument
The Kalam Cosmological Argument
An Atheistic Argument from the Big Bang
The Atemporal Cosmological Argument
The Analogical Teleological Argument
The Anthropic Teleological Argument
The Intelligent Design Teleological Argument
The Moral Argument
Cumulative Case Arguments and God
The God of Religion and of Philosophy
Knowing God Without Arguments: Does Theism Need a Basis?
Evidentialism
Critique of Evidentialism
Plantinga on Properly Basic Beliefs
Alston on Perceiving God
Plantinga on Warrant and Knowledge
The Problem of Evil: The Case Against God's Existence
The Logical Problem of Evil
The Evidential Problem of Evil
Defense and Theodicy
Themes in Theodicy
Some Important Global Theodicies
Horrendous Evils and the Assessment of Theism
Divine Action: How Does God Relate to the World?
What Kind of Power Does God Exercise?
What Kind of Freedom Has God Given?
Does God Know What Would Have Happened?
Does God Know the Actual Future?
What If the Future Is Truly Open?
Miracles: Does God Intervene in Earthly Affairs?
Miracles Defined
Miracles as Historical Events
Miracles as Unexplainable Events
Miracles as Acts of God
Practical Considerations
Life After Death: Are There Reasons for Hope?
Terminology
Concepts of Life After Death
Personal Identity and the Soul
Immortality of the Soul
Criticism of the Soul-Concept
The Self as a Psychophysical Unity
Re-creation and Spatio-temporal Continuity
A Posteriori Arguments for Life After Death
A Priori Arguments for Life After Death
Prospects
Religious Language: How Can We Speak Meaningfully of God?
Human Language and the Infinite
The Classical Theory of Analogy
Verification and Falsification Issues
The Functions of Religious Discourse
Religious Language as Symbolic
Feminism and Masculine God-Talk
Can Talk of God Be Literal?
Religion and Science: Compatible or Incompatible?
Do Religion and Science Conflict?
Are Religion and Science Independent?
Is Dialogue Possible?
Attempts at Integration
Insights
Religious Diversity: How Can We Understand Differences Among Religions?
Religious Diversity
Exclusivism
Critique of Exlusivism
Exclusivism and Justified Belief
Pluralism
Critique of Pluralism
Pluralism as a Plurality of Salvations
Inclusivism
Critique of Inclusivism
Criteria for Assessing Religions
Religious Ethics: The Relation of God to Morality
The Source of Religious Ethical Truth
The Authoritative Basis of Religious Ethical Truth
The Acquisition of Religiously Based Ethical Truth
The Significance of Religiously Based Ethical Truth
Current Issues
The Continuing Quest: God and the Human Venture
The Intellectual Process
Philosophical Activity and Religious Faith
Where Do We Go from Here?
Name Index
Subject Index

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