Principles of Biomedical Ethics

ISBN-10: 0195335708

ISBN-13: 9780195335705

Edition: 6th 2009

List price: $64.95
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Description:

Building on the best-selling tradition of previous editions, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Sixth Edition, provides a highly original, practical, and insightful guide to morality in the health professions. Acclaimed authors Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress thoroughly develop and advocate for four principles that lie at the core of moral reasoning in health care: respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. Drawing from contemporary research--and integrating detailed case studies and vivid real-life examples and scenarios--they demonstrate how these prima facie principles can be expanded to apply to various conflicts and dilemmas, from how to deliver bad news to whether or not to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatments. Illuminating both theory and method throughout, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Sixth Edition, considers what constitutes moral character and addresses the problem of moral status: what rights are due to people and animals, and when. It also examines the professional-patient relationship, surveys major philosophical theories--including utilitarianism, Kantianism, rights theory, and Communitarianism--and describes methods of moral justification in bioethics. Ideal for courses in biomedical ethics, bioethics, and health care ethics, the text is enhanced by hundreds of annotated citations and a substantial introduction that clarifies key terms and concepts. Features of the Sixth Edition: * Integrates case studies throughout the text, rather than presenting them in an appendix as in previous editions * A new chapter on moral status (Chapter 3) * Extensively revised and expanded material on the theory of the common morality (Chapters 1 and 10) * A reworked discussion of the ethics of care as a form of virtue ethics (Chapter 2) * Revised and updated treatments of nonmaleficence and beneficence, which take into account recent legal and philosophical literature and discussions (Chapters 5 and 6) * A new section on vulnerability and exploitation as it applies to justice (Chapter 7) * A more concise treatment of the principles of biomedical ethics throughout the text, featuring developed, refined, and modified perspectives
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Book details

List price: $64.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/23/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 480
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

James F. Childress is the John Allen Hollingsworth Professor of Ethics at the University of Virginia.

Moral Foundations
Moral Norms
Normative and Nonnormative Ethics
The Common Morality as Universal Morality
Particular Moralities as Nonuniversal
Moral Dilemmas
A Framework of Moral Norms
Conflicting Moral Norms
Conclusion
Moral Character
Moral Virtues
Virtues in Professional Roles
The Virtue of Caring
Five Focal Virtues
Moral Virtues and Action Guides
Moral Ideals
Moral Excellence
Conclusion
Moral Status
The Problem of Moral Status
Theories of Moral Status
From Theories to Practical Guidelines
Vulnerable Populations
Conclusion
Moral Principles
Respect for Autonomy
The Nature of Autonomy
The Capacity for Autonomous Choice
The Meaning and Justification of Informed Consent
Disclosure
Understanding
Voluntariness
A Framework of Standards for Surrogate Decision Making
Conclusion
Nonmaleficence
The Concept of Nonmaleficence
Distinctions and Rules Governing Nontreatment
Optional Treatments and Obligatory Treatments
Killing and Letting Die
The Justification of Intentionally Arranged Deaths
Protecting Incompetent Patients
Conclusion
Beneficence
The Concept of Beneficence
Obligatory Beneficence and Ideal Beneficence
Paternalism: Conflicts between Beneficence and Autonomy
Balancing Benefits, Costs, and Risks
The Value and Quality of Life
Conclusion
Justice
The Concept of Justice
Theories of Justice
Fair Opportunity and Unfair Discrimination
Vulnerability and Exploitation
National Health Policy and the Right to Health Care
Global Health Policy and the Right to Health
Allocating, Setting Priorities, and Rationing
Conclusion
Professional-Patient Relationships
Veracity
Privacy
Confidentiality
Fidelity
The Dual Roles of Clinician and Investigator
Conclusion
Theory and Method
Moral Theories
Criteria for Theory Construction
Utilitarianism
Kantianism
Rights Theory
Communitarianism
Convergence of Theories
Conclusion
Method and Moral
Justification
Justification in Ethics
Top-Down Models: Theory and Application
Bottom-Up Models: Cases and Analogy
An Integrated Model Using Reflective Equilibrium
Common-Morality Theory
Conclusion
Index
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