Patterns of World History since 1750

ISBN-10: 0195333349

ISBN-13: 9780195333343

Edition: 2012

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Description: Patterns of World History comes to the teaching of world history from the perspective of innovations the engine of historical change. Innovation is nothing new; so what we advocate in this book is a distinct intellectual framework for understanding innovation through its patterns of origin, interaction, and adaptation. Each small or large technical or cultural innovation originated in one geographical center, or independently in several different centers. As people in the centers interacted with their neighbors, the neighbors adapted to - and in many cases were transformed by - the innovations. By adaptation we include the entire spectrum of human responses, ranging from outright rejection to creative borrowing and, at times, forced acceptance.What do we gain by studying world history as patterns of innovation? First, if we consider innovation to be a driving force of history, it helps satisfy an intrinsic human curiosity about origins-our own and others. Perhaps more importantly, seeing patterns of innovation in historical development brings to light connections and linkages among peoples, cultures, and regions that might not otherwise present themselves. At the same time such patterns can also reveal differences among cultures that other approaches to world history tend to neglect. For example, the differences between the civilizations of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres are generally highlighted in world history texts, but the broad commonalities of human groups creating agriculturally-based cities and states in widely separated areas also show deep parallels in their patterns of origins, interactions and adaptations: such comparisons are at the center of our approach.Second, this kind of analysis offers insights into how an individual innovation was subsequently developed and diffused across space and time-that is, the patterns by which the new eventually becomes a necessity in our daily lives. Through all of this we gain a deeper appreciation of the unfolding of global history from its origins in small communities to the densely populated large countries in our present world.Finally, our use of a broad-based understanding of innovation allows us to restore culture in all its individual and institutionalized aspects-spiritual, artistic, intellectual, scientific-to its rightful place alongside technology, environment, politics, and socio-economic conditions. That is, understanding innovation in this way allows this text to help illuminate the full range of human ingenuity over time and space in a comprehensive, evenhanded, and open-ended fashion.

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Book details

List price: $65.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/9/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 448
Size: 7.50" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.914
Language: English

James Joyce was born on February 2, 1882, in Dublin, Ireland, into a large Catholic family. Joyce was a very good pupil, studying poetics, languages, and philosophy at Clongowes Wood College, Belvedere College, and the Royal University in Dublin. Joyce taught school in Dalkey, Ireland, before marrying in 1904. Joyce lived in Zurich and Triest, teaching languages at Berlitz schools, and then settled in Paris in 1920 where he figured prominently in the Parisian literary scene, as witnessed by Ernest Hemingway's A Moveable Feast. Joyce's collection of fine short stories, Dubliners, was published in 1914, to critical acclaim. Joyce's major works include A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses, Finnegans Wake, and Stephen Hero. Ulysses, published in 1922, is considered one of the greatest English novels of the 20th century. The book simply chronicles one day in the fictional life of Leopold Bloom, but it introduces stream of consciousness as a literary method and broaches many subjects controversial to its day. As avant-garde as Ulysses was, Finnegans Wake is even more challenging to the reader as an important modernist work. Joyce died just two years after its publication, in 1941.

Maps
Studying with Maps and Concept Maps
Preface
Note on Dates and Spellings
About the Authors
The Origins of Modernity 1750-1900
Nation-States and Patterns of Culture in Europe and North America 1750-1871
Origins of the Nation-State: 1750-1815
The American and French Revolutions
Patterns Up Close: The Guillotine
Enlightenment Culture: Radicalism and Moderation
Early and Late Enlightenment
The Other Enlightenment: The Ideology of Ethnic Nationalism
The Growth of the Nation-State, 1815-1871
Restoration Monarchies, 1815-1848
Nation-State Building in Anglo-America, 1783-1865
Romanticism and Realism: Philosophical and Artistic Expression to 1850
Romanticism
Realism
Putting It All Together
Review and Respond
Concept Map: Patterns of Nation-State Formation in Europe and North America
Industrialization and Its Discontents 1750-1914
Origins and Growth of Industrialism, 1750-1914
Early Industrialism, 1750-1870
Patterns Up Close: "The Age of Steam"
The Spread of Early Industrialism
Later Industrialism, 1871-1914
The Social and Economic Impact of Industrialism, 1750-1914
Demographic Changes
Industrial Society
Critics of Industrialism
Improved Standards of Living
Improved Urban Living
Big Business
Intellectual and Cultural Responses to Industrialism
Scientific and Intellectual Developments
Toward Modernity in Philosophy and Religion
Toward Modernity in Literature and the Arts
Putting It All Together
Review and Respond
Concept Map: Industrialization and its Impact, 1800-1914
The Challenge of Modernity: East Asia 1750-1910
China and Japan in the Age of Imperialism
China and Maritime Trade, 1750-1839
The Opium Wars and the Treaty Port Era
Toward Revolution: Reform and Reaction to 1900
Patterns Up Close: Interaction and Adaptation: "Self-Strengthening" and "Western Science and Eastern Ethics"
In Search of Security Through Empire: Japan in the Meiji Era
Economics and Society in Late Qing China
The Seeds of Modernity and the New Economic Order
Culture, Arts, and Science
Zaibatsu and Political Parties: Economics and Society in Meiji Japan
Commerce and Cartels
"Enlightenment and Progress": Science, Culture, and the Arts
Putting It All Together
Review and Respond
Concept Map: Chinese and Japanese Responses to the Western Challenge:
Adaptation and Resistance: The Ottoman and Russian Empires 1683-1908
Decentralization and Reforms in the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Imperialism in the 1600s and 1700s
The Western Challenge and Ottoman Responses
Patterns Up Close: From Constitutional to Ethnic Nationalism
Iran's Effort to Cope with the Western Challenge
Westernization, Reforms, and Industrialization in Russia
Russia and Westernization
Russia in the Early Nineteenth Century
The Great Reforms
Russian Industrialization
The Abortive Russian Revolution of 1905
Putting It All Together
Review and Respond
Concept Map: Adaptation and Resistance to the Western Challenge: The Ottoman and Russian Empires
The New Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century 1750-1914
The British Colonies of India, Australia, and New Zealand
The British East India Company
Direct British Rule
Patterns Up Close: Military Transformations and the New Imperialism
The British Settler Colonies of Australia and New Zealand
European Imperialism in the Middle East and Africa
The Rising Appeal of Imperialism in the West
The Scramble for Africa
Western Imperialism and Colonialism in Southeast Asia
The Dutch in Indonesia
Spain in the Philippines
The French in Vietnam
Putting It All Together
Review and Respond
Concept Map: Patterns of Imperialism and Colonialism: Continuity and Change
Creoles and Caudillos: Latin America and the Caribbean in the Nineteenth Century 1790-1917
Independence, Authoritarianism, and Political Instability
Independence and Political Development in the North: Haiti and Mexico
Independence and Development in Northern South America
Independence and Development in Southern and Western South America
Brazil: From Kingdom to Republic
Patterns Up Close: Slave Rebellions in Cuba and Brazil
Latin American Society and Economy in the Nineteenth Century
Rebuilding Societies and Economies
Export-Led Growth
Culture, Family, and the Status of Women
Putting It All Together
Concept Map: Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
Review and Respond
From Three Modernities to One 1914-Present
World War and Competing Visions of Modernity 1900-1945
The Great War and Its Aftermath
A Savage War and a Flawed Peace
America First: The Beginnings of a Consumer Culture and the Great Depression
Great Britain and France: Slow Recovery and Troubled Empires
Latin America: Independent Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes
New Variations on Modernity I: The Soviet Union and Communism
The Communist Party and Regime in the Soviet Union
The Collectivization of Agriculture and Industrialization
New Variations on Modernity II: Supremacist Nationalism in Italy, Germany, and Japan
Patterns Up Close: Mapping Utopia in Soviet Georgia
From Fascism in Italy to Nazism in the Third Reich
Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" and China's Struggle for Unity
Putting It All Together
Review and Respond
Concept Map: Three Patterns of Modernity, 1850-1939
Reconstruction, Cold War, and Decolonization 1945-1962
Superpower Confrontation: Capitalist Democracy and Communism
The Cold War Era, 1945-1962
Society and Culture in Postwar North America, Europe, and Japan
Patterns Up Close: Popular Culture and Rock and Roll
Populism and Industrialization in Latin America
Slow Social Change
Populist Guided Democracy
The End of Colonialism and the Rise of New Nations
"China Has Stood Up"
Decolonization, Israel, and Arab Nationalism in the Middle East
Decolonization and the Cold War in Asia
Decolonization and Cold War in Africa
Putting It All Together
Review and Respond
Concept Map: The Accelerating Pace of Change, 1850-1962
The End of the Cold War, Western Social Transformation, and the Developing World 1963-1991
The Climax of the Cold War
The Soviet Superpower in Slow Decline
Transforming the West
Civil Rights Movements
Patterns Up Close: From Women's Liberation to Feminism
From "Underdeveloped" to "Developing" World, 1963-1991
China: Cultural Revolution to Four Modernizations
Vietnam: War and Unification
The Middle East
Africa: From Independence to Development
Latin America: Proxy Wars
Putting It All Together
Concept Map: "The End of History" and the Capitalist-Democratic Order
Review and Respond
A Fragile Capitalist-Democratic World Order 1991-2011
Capitalist Democracy: The Dominant Pattern of Modernity
A Decade of Global Expansion: The United States and the World in the 1990s
The Communist Holdouts: North Korea, Cuba, China, and Vietnam
A Decade of Global Shifts: Twenty-First-Century Currents and Cross-Currents
Patterns Up Close: Social Networking
The Environmental Limits of Modernity
Putting It All Together
Review and Respond
Concept Map: The Human Impact on the Planet
Further Resources
Credits and Notes
Index
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