Handbook to Life in the Aztec World

ISBN-10: 0195330838
ISBN-13: 9780195330830
Edition: 2007
List price: $25.00 Buy it from $17.50
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Description: Since its violent dissolution in 1521, the Aztec Empire of Mexico has continually intrigued us. Recent discoveries resulting from the excavation of the Templo Mayor in the heart of Mexico City have taught us even more about this fascinating culture.  More...

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Book details

List price: $25.00
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/3/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.002
Language: English

Since its violent dissolution in 1521, the Aztec Empire of Mexico has continually intrigued us. Recent discoveries resulting from the excavation of the Templo Mayor in the heart of Mexico City have taught us even more about this fascinating culture. The increasing recognition that the achievements of Mesoamerican civilizations were among the most sophisticated of the ancient world has led to a demand for introductions to the basic methods and theories of scholars working throughout the region. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World gathers the results from recent archaeological discoveries and scholarly research into a single accessible volume. Organized thematically, the handbook covers all aspects of life in the Aztec world: Mesoamerican civilizations and Aztec archeology; evolution of Aztec civilization; geography of the Aztec world; society and government; religion, cosmology, and mythology; funerary beliefs and customs; Aztec art; Aztec architecture; Nahuatl literature; the calendar, astronomy, and mathematics; economy, industry, and trade; daily life; the Aztec after conquest and today. Each chapter includes an extensive bibliography, and more than 165 original line drawings, photographs, and maps complement the text. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World provides all the essential information required by anyone interested in Aztec history or culture.

List of Illustrations
List of Maps
List of Tables
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Guide to Pronunciation and Spelling of Nahuatl Terms
Mesoamerican Civilizations and Aztec Archaeology
The Area of Mesoamerica
The People of Mesoamerica
Brief History of Aztec Archaeology
Main Historical Primary Sources about the Aztec
Reading
Evolution of Aztec Civilization
Origins and the Great Migration
Mexica-Aztec History
Reading
Geography of the Aztec World
The Concept of Sacred Landscape
The Valley of Mexico: The Land, the Lake, and Natural Resources
The Island City of Tenochtitlan
City-States and Neighboring Peoples
Linguistic History and Distribution of the Nahua Peoples
Reading
Society and Government
Social Structure and Class Hierarchy
Tlatoani
Cihuacoatl
Priests
Tecuhtli
Calpulli
Household
Reading
Warfare
Training
Military Ranks and Orders
Military Intelligence
Women and War
Uniforms and Weapons
Battle Tactics and Strategies
Principal Aztec Military Campaigns
Tribute
Flower Wars
Reading
Religion, Cosmology, and Mythology
Structure of the Universe
Main Myths
The Aztec Gods
Rituals
Ritual Human Sacrifice
Reading
Funerary Beliefs and Customs
Creation Myths and Concepts about Death
Funerary Places of Destination
Burials and Cremation
Souls
Human Sacrifice
Reading
Aztec Art
Aztec Artists and Craftsmen
Monumental Stone Sculpture
Terra-cotta Sculpture
Ceramics
Wood Art
Feather Work
Lapidary Arts
Gold Work
Reading
Aztec Architecture
Symbolism
Types of Architecture
Building Materials and Techniques
The Precinct of Tenochtitlan
Other Cities
Reading
Nahuatl Literature
Tlacuilos and Their Techniques
Codices
Pictographic-Phonetic Writing
Poetry and Narrative
Reading
The Calendar, Astronomy, and Mathematics
The Calendar System
Concept of the Universe
Astronomy
Mathematics
Reading
Economy, Industry, and Trade
Modes of Production
Agriculture and Chinampas
Use of Water in the Valley of Mexico
Food Sources
Laborers and Artisans
The Marketplace
Transportation
Long-Distance Trade
The Pochtecah
Tribute
Reading
Daily Life
Family
Women
Education
Shamanism and Medicine
Games
Personal Appearance and Attire
Royal Court Life
Food and Drink
Music and Dance
Reading
The Aztec After the Conquest and Today
The Conquest of Mexico
Colonial Mexico: The Process of Transculturation
Tequitqui Art
Mexico and Its Mestizo Identity
The Indians of Central Mexico Today
Reading
Main Museums Containing Aztec Collections
Aztec Poems
Bibliography
Index

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