Population Health Concepts and Methods

ISBN-10: 0195158547
ISBN-13: 9780195158540
Edition: 2nd 2004 (Revised)
Authors: T. Kue Young
List price: $56.00 Buy it from $36.20
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Description: Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasizes the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach  More...

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Book details

List price: $56.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/23/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 403
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.562
Language: English

Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasizes the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates the social and biological, the quantitative and qualitative, recognizing the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research. This text is organized around the logical sequence of studying and attempting to improve the health of populations; measuring health status and disease burden, identifying and modelling health determinants, assessing health risks and inferring causation, designing research studies, planning interventions, and evaluating health programs. The second edition incorporates many new topics that reflect changes in contemporary public health concerns and our response to them; as well as shifts in research directions. These include lifecourse approaches to health, gene-environment interactions, emergent infections, and bioterrorism. Among the specific changes are new or expanded discussions of confidence intervals for commonly used rates, the impact of population ageing on mortality trends, health survey questionnaires, summary measures of population health, the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, migrant studies, race and ethnicity, psychoneuroendocrine pathways, social epidemiology, risk perception, communicating the SARS epidemic, ecologic studies, the odds radio, participatory research, suicide, evidence-based community interventions, evaluation methods and health economics, the Cochrane Collaboration, and systemic reviews. The many positive features of the first edition have been retained, such as the extensive use of boxes, case studies, and exercises; the selection of examples representing a variety of health problems, geographic regions, and historical periods; and a multidisciplinary orientation bridging the quantitative and qualitative, the social and biomedical sciences. The book aims to spark a new kind of broad-based training for researchers and practitioners of population health.

Matthew Gast is the director of product management at Aerohive Networks, responsible for the software that powers Aerohive's networking devices. He has been active within the Wi-Fi community, serving as the chair of both security task groups at the Wi-Fi Alliance, where he leads efforts to extend the Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) certification to incorporate newly developed security technologies and drive adoption of the strongest forms of security by network administrators. He also led the Wi-Fi Alliance's Wireless Network Management marketing task group's investigation of certification requirements for new power-saving technologies. Matthew is also the past chair of the task group that produced the 802.11-2012 revision.T. Kue Young is the TransCanada Chair in Aboriginal Health in the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto.

Introduction
Defining Health, Population, and Population Health
Objectives and Uses of Population Health Studies
The Arts and Sciences in Population Health
Historical Antecedents and Future Prospects
Summary
James Lind and Scurvy among Sailors
John Snow, Cholera, and the Broad Street Pump
Ignaz Semmelweis and Puerperal Fever
Joseph Goldberger on Diet and Pellagra
Guide to Resources
Notes
Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (I)
Measures of Disease Occurrence
Population Structure and Dynamics
Comparing Health Events in Populations
Demographic and Health Transition
Summary
Cancer Incidence in Five Continents
Contribution of Population Aging to Changes in Cancer Mortality
Notes
Exercises
Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (II)
Health Indicators and Indices
Sources and Quality of Health Data
Summary Measures of Population Health
Diagnosis and Classification of Diseases
Accuracy of Screening and Diagnostic Tests
Surveillance and Epidemic Investigations
Cultural Concepts of Health and Disease
Summary
Are Death Certificates Accurate?
Diphtheria in Russia--Return of a Vanquished Foe?
Is Schizophrenia Universal?
Notes
Exercises
Modeling Determinants of Population Health
Models and Pathways of Health
Genetic Susceptibility
Physical Environment
Personal Lifestyles and Behaviors
Social, Cultural, and Economic Factors
A Life Course Approach to Health
A Biopsychosocial Model of Health
Contributions to Global Disease Burden
Summary
The Sickle Cell Trait and Protection from Malaria
Chernobyl: Aftermath of an Environmental Catastrophe
Social Medicine in Pre-World War I Germany
Notes
Exercises
Assessing Health Risks in Populations
Risks in Population Health
Concepts of Causation
Measures of Association and Effect
Competing Risks
Risk Perception and Communication
Summary
Is British Beef Safe?
Do Heart Attacks Prevent Cancer Deaths?
Communicating SARS Risk with Numbers
Notes
Exercises
Designing Population Health Studies
A Matter of Measurement
Types of Research Design
Validity and Reliability
Error and Bias
Confounding and Confounders
Interaction or Effect Modification
Qualitative Methods
Ethical Concerns
Summary
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Traffic Accident Mortality
Durkheim's Studies on Suicide
The Causal Trail: Cigarette Smoking and Lung Cancer
Tracking Heart Disease among World War II Airmen
Notes
Exercises
Planning Population Health Interventions
Promoting Health, Preventing Disease
Population Health and the Health Care System
Types and Levels of Interventions
Criteria for Screening
Behavioral Models for Health Promotion
Cross-Cultural Considerations
A Broader View of Prevention
Summary
The Global Eradication of Smallpox
Is Mammography Good for Women?
Community-Based Heart Disease Prevention in North Karelia
Notes
Exercise
Evaluating Health Programs for Populations
A Framework for Evaluation
Technology Assessment, Diffusion, and Transfer
Evaluation Methods
Economic Appraisal
Decision-Making in Health Care
Summary
Nurse-Practitioners in Primary Care
Fluoridation of Community Water Supply to Prevent Dental Caries
Economic Evaluation of Neonatal Intensive Care
A Meta-Analysis of Adolescent Smoking Programs
Notes
Exercise
Improving the Health of Populations
Guide to Resources
Bibliography
Answers to Exercises
Index

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