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Protecting the Ozone Layer Science and Strategy

ISBN-10: 0195155491
ISBN-13: 9780195155495
Edition: 2003
Authors: Edward A. Parson
List price: $125.00 Buy it from $22.21
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Description: This book is the first comprehensive history of international efforts to protect the ozone layer, the greatest success yet achieved in managing human impacts on the global environment. Its arguments about how this success was achieved are both  More...

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Book details

List price: $125.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/6/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 400
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.496
Language: English

This book is the first comprehensive history of international efforts to protect the ozone layer, the greatest success yet achieved in managing human impacts on the global environment. Its arguments about how this success was achieved are both theoretically novel and of great significance for the management of other global problems, particularly global climate change. The book provides an account of the ozone-depletion issues from the first attempts to develop international action in the 1970s to the mature functioning of the present international regime. It examines the parallel developments of politics and negotiations, scientific understanding and controversy, technological progress, and industry strategy that shaped the issue's development and its effective management. In addition, the book offers important new insights into how the interactions among these domains influenced the formation and adaptation of the ozone regime. Addressing the initial formation of the regime, the book argues that authoritative scientific assessments were crucial in constraining policy debates and shaping negotiated agreements. Assessments gave scientific claims an ability to change policy actors' behavior that the claims themselves, however well known and verified, lacked. Concerning subsequent adaptation of the regime, the book identifies a series of feedbacks between the periodic revision of chemical controls and the strategic responses of affected industries, which drove rapid application of new approaches to reduce ozone-depleting chemicals. These feedbacks, promoted by the regime's novel technology assessment process, allowed worldwide use of the chemicals to decline further and faster than even the boldest predictions, by nearly 95 percent within ten years.

Edward A. Parson is Associate Professor of Public Policy in the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and is also Faculty Research Associate at Harvard?s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.

Abbreviations
Stratospheric Ozone and Its Protection: Introduction and Background
Protecting the Ozone Layer
Goals, Context, and Contributions of the Book
The Major Arguments in Brief
Plan of the Book
Early Stratospheric Science, Chlorofluorocarbons, and the Emergence of Environmental Concern
Early Stratospheric Science
The Chlorofluorocarbons and Their Atmospheric Impacts
Early Environmental Concerns about Chlorofluorocarbons
Setting the Stage: National Action and Early International Efforts, 1970-1980
The Supersonic Transport Controversy and Its Legacy
The American "Ozone War," 1974-1977
Aerosol Debates outside the United States and Early Efforts at International Cooperation
Industry's Initial Research into Chlorofluorocarbon Alternatives
The Attempt to Enact Comprehensive U.S. Chlorofluorocarbon Controls, 1977-1980
The Early Ozone Debates: Explanation and Significance
The Search for Knowledge-Based Resolution: Science and Scientific Assessment, 1976-1985
Stratospheric Science, 1976-1985
The Efforts of Ozone Depletion
Science for Policy: Scientific Assessments of Stratospheric Ozone, 1976-1985
The Policy Influence of Science and Assessment
Negotiations and Strategy, 1980-1987
Early Maneuvers and the Establishment of Negotiations, 1980-1982
International Negotiations to the Vienna Convention, 1982-1985
International Workshops and U.S. Domestic Initiatives, 1986
Protocol Negotiations, 1986-1987
The Negotiation of the Montreal Protocol: Explanation and Significance
Eliminating Chlorofluorocarbons: Science, Assessment, and Responses, 1986-1988
The Cause of the Ozone Hole
Declines in Global Ozone
Eliminate Chlorofluorocarbons?
Projecting Future Stratospheric Change: Halogen Loading versus Ozone Depletion
Post-Protocol Planning, Establishment of Assessment Panels
Moving the Debate to Full Phaseouts: Explanation and Significance
Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987-1992
Chlorofluorocarbon Markets after the Protocol
The Pursuit of Chemical Substitutes
Mobilization of Chlorofluorocarbon User Industries: The Engine of Innovation
Regime Formation and Industry Strategy
Building an Adaptive Regime: The Protocol Evolving, 1989-1999
Negotiating the First Protocol Revision, 1989-1990
Second Round of Protocol Revision, 1991-1992
Third Round of Protocol Revision, 1992-1995
Further Assessment and Review of Decisions, 1995-1999
Progress and Status of the Ozone Regime
The Theoretical and Practical Significance of the Ozone Regime
The Ozone Regime and Its Explanatory Challenges
Breaking the Deadlock: Explaining the Transition to Regime Formation
Sustaining Deadlock, Sustaining Progress: The Need for Dynamic Explanations
Technological Change, Technology Assessment, and the Ozone Regime
The Policy Influence of Scientific Knowledge and Assessment
Practical Implications: Lessons for Management of Other Issues
The Challenge of Adaptive Management
List of Interviews
Archival Sources
Notes
References
Index

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