Open Questions An Introduction to Philosophy

ISBN-10: 0195155009
ISBN-13: 9780195155006
Edition: 3rd 2001 (Revised)
Authors: Emmett Barcalow
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Book details

List price: $89.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/18/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 528
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

Preface
Philosophy
Objectives
Introduction
Subfields of Philosophy
Open and Closed Questions
What It's Most Reasonable to Believe
Evaluating Arguments
Facts and Theories
Two Principal Philosophical Questions
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
God and Philosophy
Objectives
Introduction
The Concept of God
Arguments for God's Existence
An Argument Against God's Existence: The Argument from Evil
Faith
Experiencing God's Presence
Religious Belief
Franklin's Religious Principles from His Autobiography
Gahndi's Political Principles
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Body and Mind
Objectives
Life
Soul as the Explanation of Life
Physical Explanations of Life
Mind as the Explanation of Consciousness
Minds
Descartes' Argument for Dualism
Problems for Descartes
Physicalism
Identity Theories
Conclusions
Phaedo
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Personal Immortality and Personal Identity
Objectives
Introduction
Death and Other Happenings
What Role Do Our Bodies Play in Personal Identity?
Same Psychological Essence
How the Self Depends on the Body
Identifying and Reidentifying People
Dualism, Personal Identity, and Existence After Death
The Doctrine of No-Soul: Anatta
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Freedom and Determinism
Objectives
Introduction
Causality and Personal Identity
Causality and Determinism
Determinism
Determinism and Human Freedom
Soft Determinism/Compatibilism
Reasons and Causes
Probalistic Causality?
What Difference Does It Make Whether We Are Free?
Fatalism
Borderline Cases
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
The Delusion of Free Will
Existentialism
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Knowledge, Truth, and Justification
Objectives
Introduction
It's Only a Belief
Belief and Truth
Three Requirements for Knowledge
Justification
Reasons
Self-Knowledge: Beliefs About Our Own Mental States
Alternatives to Perception
Basic Justifiers
On the Value of Scepticism
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Knowledge and Skepticism
Objectives
Introduction
Evaluating the Skeptic's Argument
A Strong and Weak Sense of Know
Perception, Observation, and Induction
Observation and Causal Generalizations
The Virtue of Skepticism
Meditations on the First Philosophy
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Morality
Objectives
Introduction
Moral Objectivism
Moral Nonobjectivism
The Divine Command Theory of Morality
Nonobjectivist Moral Theories
Moral Egoism
The Confessions
Laws Concerning Character Traits
The Teachings of the Compassionate Buddha
The Virtue of Compassion
Republic
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Moral Justification
Objective
Introduction
Moral Justification
Evaluating Nonmoral Reasons (Premises)
Evaluating Moral Principles
Reflective Equilibrium
Moral Belief and Action
Why Be Moral? The Challenge of Amoralism
The Object of Morality
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Two Theories of Right and Wrong
Objectives
Introduction
Consequentialism
Utilitarianism
Kantian Moral Theory
Utilitarianism
Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Justice and Rights
Objectives
Introduction
Aristotle's Conception of Justice: Treating Equals Equally
Justice and Relevant Differences
Leviathan
Manifesto of the Communist Party
Justice, Gender, and the Family
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Liberty and Democracy
Objectives
Introduction
Liberty
Is Democracy the Best Form of Government?
The Kind of Liberty Offered to Men at the End of the Last Century
The Social Contract
Questions for Discussion and Review
Suggestions for Further Reading
Reading Philosophy
Writing a Philosophy Paper
Glossary/Index

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