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    Ocean of Reasoning A Great Commentary on Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika

    ISBN-10: 0195147332
    ISBN-13: 9780195147339
    Author(s): Garfield, Rje Tsong Khapa, Geshe Ngawang Samten, Nagarjuna
    Description: Tsong khapa (14th-15th centuries) is arguably the most important and influential philosopher in Tibetan history. His Ocean of Reasoning is the most extensive and perhaps the deepest extant commentary on Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika (Fundamental  More...
    Buy it from: $34.25
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    List Price: $36.95
    Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
    Binding: Paperback
    Pages: 632
    Size: 6.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
    Weight: 1.980
    Language: English

    Tsong khapa (14th-15th centuries) is arguably the most important and influential philosopher in Tibetan history. His Ocean of Reasoning is the most extensive and perhaps the deepest extant commentary on Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika (Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way), and it can be argued that it is impossible to discuss Nagarjuna's work in an informed way without consulting it. It discusses alternative readings of the text and prior commentaries and provides a detailed exegesis, constituting a systematic presentation of Madhyamaka Buddhist philosophy. Despite its central importance, however, of Tsong khapa's three most important texts, only Ocean of Reasoning has until now remained untranslated, perhaps because it is both philosophically and linguistically challenging, demanding a rare combination of abilities on the part of a translator. Jay L. Garfield and Geshe Ngawang Samten bring the requisite skills to this difficult task, combining between them expertise in Western and Indian philosophy, and fluency in Tibetan, Sanskrit, and English. The resulting translation of this important text is not only a landmark contribution to the scholarship of Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, but will be invaluable to students of Tibetan Buddhism and philosophy, who will now be able to read this work alongside Nagarjuna's masterpiece.

    Translators' Introduction
    The Life and Works of Tsong khapa
    The Text and Its Structure
    Methodology
    The Root Text and Its Translation
    Acknowledgments
    Tsong khapa's General Outline of the Text
    The Text
    Preliminary Explanations
    Homage Verses
    Examination of Conditions
    Examination of Motion
    Examination of the Senses
    Examination of the Aggregates
    Examination of the Elements
    Examination of Desire and the Desirous One
    Examination of Arising, Enduring, and Ceasing
    Examination of the Agent and Action
    Examination of the Prior Entity
    Examination of Fire and Fuel
    Examination of the Beginning and End
    Examination of Suffering
    Examination of Compounded Phenomena
    Examination of Contact
    Examination of Essence
    Examination of Bondage
    Examination of Action
    Examination of the Self and Phenomena
    Examination of Time
    Examination of Assemblage
    Examination of Becoming and Destruction
    Examination of the Tathagata
    Examination of Errors
    Examination of the Four Noble Truths
    Examination of Nirvana
    Examination of the Twelve Links of Dependent Origination
    Examination of Views
    Prostration to the Teacher in Gratitude for His Kindness in Teaching
    Afterword
    Appendices
    Tibetan-English Glossary
    English-Tibetan Glossary
    English Translations of Works of Tsong khapa
    Selected Bibliography of Works in English on Tsong khapa
    Bibliography
    Index of Quotations and Citations
    General Index

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