Romans From Village to Empire

ISBN-10: 0195118758
ISBN-13: 9780195118759
Edition: 2004
List price: $59.95
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Description: How did a single village community in the Italian peninsula eventually become one of the mightiest imperial powers the world has ever known? In The Romans, Mary T. Boatwright, Daniel Gargola, and Richard J.A. Talbert tackle this question as they  More...

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Book details

List price: $59.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/31/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 544
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.794
Language: English

How did a single village community in the Italian peninsula eventually become one of the mightiest imperial powers the world has ever known? In The Romans, Mary T. Boatwright, Daniel Gargola, and Richard J.A. Talbert tackle this question as they guide readers through a comprehensive sweep of Roman history, ranging from the prehistoric settlements to the age of Constantine. Vividly written and attractively designed with almost 100 illustrations, The Romans expertly unfolds Rome's remarkable evolution from village, to monarchy and then republic, and finally to one-man rule by an emperor whose power at its peak stretched from Scotland to Iraq and the Nile Valley. Firmly grounded in ancient literary and material sources, the book captures and analyzes the outstanding political and military landmarks--from the Punic Wars, to Caesar's conquest of Gaul and his crossing of the Rubicon, to the victory of Octavian over Mark Antony, to Constantine's adoption of Christianity. Here too are some of the most fascinating individuals ever to walk across the world stage, including Hannibal, Mithridates, Pompey, Cicero, Cleopatra, Augustus, Livia, Nero, Marcus Aurelius, and Shapur. The authors bring to life many aspects of Rome's cultural and social history, from the role of women, to literature, entertainments, town-planning, portraiture, and religion. The book incorporates more than 30 maps, mostly produced by the Ancient World Mapping Center; in addition, 22 boxes interspersed throughout feature varied excerpts of writings by Romans themselves. Rome's story is one of history's most remarkable chronicles. The Romans gives marvelous fresh insight into a people's truly monumental achievement--their ambition, glory, and suffering.

Daniel J. Gargola is associate professor of history at the University of Kentucky.

Maps
Figures
Preface
Acknowledgments
Notes to the Reader
Early Italy
Italy and the Mediterranean World
The Evidence
Italy Before the City
The Iron Age in Etruria, Latium, and Campania
Greeks and Phoenicians in the Central Mediterranean
The Rise of Cities
Beginning of Writing
Appearance of an Elite
Cities and Monumental Architecture
Warfare in the Orientalizing and Archaic Periods
Social and Economic Organization
Greeks and Etruscans
Greek Cities of Southern Italy and Sicily
Etruscans
Rome's First Centuries
Emergence of an Urban Community
The Romans and Their Early History
Table 2.1 Dates of Rome's Kings According to Varro
Box 2.1 Plutarch, Romulus 11
Rome Under the Kings
Rome and the Latins
The Early Republic
Beginning of the Republic
Rome and Its Neighbors in the Fifth Century
Struggle of the Orders
Rome and Italy in the Fourth Century
Fall of Veii and the Sack of Rome
The City and Its Institutions in the Fourth Century
Officials
Senate
Assemblies of Citizens
Box 3.1 Servius Tullius' Creation of the Census (Livy)
Table 3.1 Roman Assemblies
The City, Its Gods, and Its Priests
Box 3.2 The Roman Games (Dionysius of Halicarnassus)
Rome and Central Italy
Warfare and the Civic Order
Rome in Latium and Campania
Samnite Wars
Expansion of Roman Hegemony in Italy
Wars in Central and Northern Italy
Conquest of the South
War and the Roman State
The Beginnings of a Mediterranean Empire
Sources
The Nobility and the City of Rome
Box 4.1 Triumph of Scipio Africanus (Appian)
Wars with Carthage
First Punic War (264-241)
Second Punic War (218-201)
Box 4.2 Romans' Vow of 217 (Livy)
A Mediterranean Empire
Governors, Provinces, and Empire
Spain
Greece and Asia Minor
Box 4.3 Slave Trade on Delos (Strabo)
North Africa
Italy and Empire
Senators, Officials, and Citizen Assemblies
Italy and the Consequences of Empire
Changing Relations Between Rome, Its Municipia, and Allies
Roman and Italian Elites
Box 5.1 Scipio Africanus' Army Loots Carthago Nova (Polybiusand Livy)
Demographic and Economic Changes
Roman Politics from the Mid-Second Century
Scipio Aemilianus
Tiberius Gracchus
Box 5.2 The Background to Tiberius Gracchus' Land Proposal (Appian)
Gaius Gracchus
Italy Threatened, Enfranchised, Divided
War with Jugurtha (112-105)
Italy Threatened from the North (113-101)
Changes in the Roman Army
Marius' Career in Roman Politics
Box 6.1 Marius' Bid for the Consulship (Sallust)
Sixth Consulship of Marius and Second Tribunate of Saturninus (100)
Administration of the Provinces
Tribunate of Livius Drusus (91)
Social War (91-87)
Tribunate of Sulpicius Rufus (88)
Sulla's First March on Rome (88)
Cinna's Rule (87-84)
Sulla's Second March on Rome (83-82)
The Domination of Sulla and Its Legacy
Sulla's Proscriptions (82-81)
Sulla the Dictator and His Program (82-81)
Senate
Tribunate
Equites, Courts
Citizens
Governors
Verdicts on Sulla's Program
Box 7.1 Cicero's Defense of Sextus Roscius
Lepidus' Rising and Its Aftermath (78-77)
Challenge from Sertorius in Spain (80-73)
Box 7.2 Pompey's Letter from Spain (Sallust)
Spartacus' Slave Revolt (73-71)
Consulship of Crassus and Pompey (70)
Roman Women
Pompey Frees the Mediterranean of Pirates (67)
Threat from King Mithridates VI of Pontus
Sulla's Campaign Against Mithridates (87-85)
Lucullus' Struggle with Mithridates (74-67)
Pompey's Defeat of Mithridates (66-63)
Roles of Crassus and Cicero in Rome (65-63)
Catiline's Rising (63-62)
End of the Republic: Caesar's Dictatorship
Sources
Pompey's Return from the East (62)
Pompey and Political Stalemate in Rome
Partnership of Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar
Caesar's First Consulship (59)
Clodius' Tribunate (58)
Cicero's Recall and the Renewal of the Triumvirate (57-56)
Caesar's Campaigns in Gaul (58-51)
Death of Clodius and Pompey's Sole Consulship (52)
Prospect of Civil War (51-49)
Causes and Consequences of Caesar Crossing the Rubicon (January 49)
Cicero's Governorship of Cilicia (51-50)
Civil War Campaigns (49-45)
Caesar's Activity as Dictator (49-44)
Caesar's Impact upon the City of Rome
Political Prospects for Rome, and for Caesar
Augustus and the Transformation of the Roman World
Reactions to the Assassination of Caesar (44-43)
Emergence of a Second Triumvirate (43)
Battle of Philippi (42)
Box 9.1 Laudatio Turiae
Perusine War (41-40)
Elimination of Sextus Pompey and Lepidus (39-36)
Antony in the East (42 onwards)
Clash Between Antony and Octavian (36-30)
Octavian as Sole Ruler (30 Onwards)
""The Republic Restored""
Second Settlement (23)
Latin Literature in the Late Republic and Augustan Age
Succession
Table 9.1 The Julio-Claudian Family
Senate and Equites
Army
The Empire and Its Expansion
Box 9.2 Oath of Loyalty
City of Rome
Attitudes Outside Rome
Res Gestae of Augustus
Augustus: Final Assessment
The Early Principate (A.D. 14-69): The Julio-Claudians, the Civil War of 68-69, and Life in the Early Empire
Sources
The Julio-Claudian Emperors: Civil Government and Military Concerns
Tiberius (14-37)
Box 10.1 Senatorial Decree Concerning the Elder Gnaeus Piso
Gaius (Caligula) 37-41
Claudius (41-54)
Box 10.2 Claudius' Speech on the Admission of Gauls to the Senate
Nero (54-68)
Civil War in 68-69
Economic and Social Change
Army
Economy
Intellectual Life
""Beneficial Ideology""
Cities and Provinces
Diversity: Women, Local Languages, and Culture
Religious Practices and Principles
Imperial Cult
Institutionalization of the Principate: Military Expansion and Its Limits, the Empire and the Provinces (69-138)
Sources
Institutionalization of the Principate
Vespasian (69-79)
Titus (79-81)
Domitian (81-96)
A New, Better Era?
Nerva (96-98)
Trajan (98-117)
Hadrian (117-138)
Table 11.1 The Antonine Family
Box 11.1 Hadrian Inspects Troops at Lambaesis, Numidia
Roman Cities and the Empire's Peoples
Theaters and Processions
Circuses and Chariot Racing
The Amphitheater, and Gladiatorial Games
Other Urban Amenities
Education
State Religion and Imperial Cult
Italy and the Provinces: Civil and Military Affairs (138-235)
Sources
Antoninus Pius (138-161)
Marcus Aurelius (161-180) and Lucius Verus (161-169)
Box 12.1 A Greek Provincial Praises Roman Citizenship
Box 12.2 Morbidity and Mortality in the Roman Empire
Commodus (176-192, Sole Augustus after 180)
Septimius Severus (193-211)
Table 12.1 The Severan Family
Box 12.3 Deification Ceremonies for Pertinax in Septimius Severus' Rome
Caracalla (198-217, Sole Augustus after 211)
Macrinus (217-218)
Elagabalus (218-222)
Severus Alexander (222-235)
Roman Law
Roman Citizenship
Box 12.4 Grant of Roman Citizenship (Tabula Banasitana)
Rome and Christianity
Box 12.5 Pliny, Trajan, and Christians
The Third Century, the Dominate, and Constantine
Sources
Mid-Third Century
Aurelian (270-275)
Dicoletian, the Tetrarchy, and the Dominate (284-305)
Box 13.1 The Tetrarchs Introduce their Edict on Maximum Prices
Dissolution of the Tetrarchy (305-313), and the Rise of Constantine (306-324)
Box 13.2 Galerius' Edict of Toleration (Lactantius)
Constantine and the Empire
Timeline
Glossary
Principal Ancient Authors
Art Credits
Index
Gazetteer

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