Traditions in Architecture Africa, America, Asia, and Oceania

ISBN-10: 0195088913
ISBN-13: 9780195088915
Edition: 2001
List price: $119.95 Buy it from $53.49
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Description: Traditions in Architecture: Africa, America, Asia, and Oceania is the first wide-ranging, one-volume study to examine the architectural achievements of diverse cultures outside the Euroamerican tradition. In contrast with traditional chronological  More...

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Book details

List price: $119.95
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/7/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 448
Size: 10.00" wide x 8.43" long x 0.91" tall
Weight: 2.750
Language: English

Traditions in Architecture: Africa, America, Asia, and Oceania is the first wide-ranging, one-volume study to examine the architectural achievements of diverse cultures outside the Euroamerican tradition. In contrast with traditional chronological surveys of architectural history, this volume is arranged thematically to show the basic commonalties of all human communities. In order to provide a basic understanding of the cultural heritage defining these diverse groups, both vernacular and monumental works are discussed. The book is divided into five major sections, each of which addresses specific topics fundamental to all societies. The authors discuss these topics in terms of particular architectural solutions, comparing and contrasting geographically separated buildings and construction traditions. For example, the issue of architectural meaning is studied through symbolic gardens in China, verbal ornament in the Islamic world, and the wall paintings of Ndebele women of southeast Africa. Beginning with an investigation into the ways in which the continuity of traditional forms is maintained, the authors then explore practical issues such as housing and food structures, climate and ecology, building materials, and architectural forms and methods. Architectural goals and purposes, which determine what is built, vary from culture to culture and are given special attention. Planning and design-ways in which space is used in patterns of organization-range from urban plans to landscaped settings. The authors conclude with an examination of cultural values, investigating the way in which architecture interacts with social relations, traditional theories, decision-making, and the economics of building. The book is enhanced by over 200 photographs, maps, and charts, as well as a glossary and full bibliography. This unique study will enlighten students and open new avenues of research for scholars.

Preface
Notes on the Text, Sources, and Appendix
Introduction
Multiplicity and Continuity in Tradition
Form and Content
Early Shrines, India
Caves: Lomas Rishi, Barabar Hills, and Chaitya Hall, Karli
The Stupa Form: Great Stupa, Sanchi
Hindu and Jain Shrines, India
Kandriya Mahadev Temple, Khajuraho
Dilwara Temples, Rajputana
Buddhist Shrines, Japan, and Burma
Horyu-ji Temple, Asuka, Japan
Ananda Temple, Pagan, Burma
Suggested Readings
Transfer of Traditional Architectural Knowledge
Person-to-Person Transfer
Community Case Studies
Professional Knowledge
Documented Knowledge
Chinese Construction Manuals
Suggested Readings
Practical Solutions
Survival: Water, Shelter, and Food
Water
Municipal Water in Kathmandu, Nepal
Irrigation Systems in Peru
River Training in China
Shelter
Movalbe Dwellings
Stationary Dwellings
Underground Houses: Available to Everyone
Food Structures
Granaries at Mohenjo-Daro
Japanese Granaries
Floating Gardens of the Valley of Mexico
Suggested Readings
Climate and Ecology
Cold and Dry
Houses of Snow and Skin--Inuit Iglus of Northern Canada
Summer and Winter Houses in Tibet
Hot and Dry: Solar Management in the Middle East
Hot and Humid: Big Roof in the New Guinea Rain Forest
Suggested Readings
Materials, Methods, and Architectural Form
Carved-Out Architecture
Ethiopian Rock-Cut Churches
Cosmic Mountain at Borobudur, Java
Assembled Pieces
Lashed Polynesian Houses
Interlocking Frameworks in Japan
One Culture, Two Building Traditions
Inka Stone Masonry
Inka Roads and Woven Suspension Bridges
Suggested Readings
Purposes of Traditional Architecture
Spaces for Daily Life
Living in Tight Spaces
Houseboats of China
Houseboats in Kashmir
Use of the street and the Roof in Nepal
Access to Architecture--Social Rewards and the Use of Buildings
Social Rewards and the Use of Ceremonial Buildings in New Guinea
Space and Gender in Islamic Society: Kano Palace, Nigeria
Suggested Readings
Religious Architecture--A Continuum of Meaning
Space in the Home
Japanese Tokonoma
Mexican Altar of the Dead
Space on the Street
Bhaktapur's Street Shrines, Nepal
Temporary Temples for Processions in India
Spaces Set Apart
Special Buildings: North African Mosques
Ceremonial District: Teotihuacan, Mexico
Without Buildings: Mount Taylor, New Mexico
Suggested Readings
Expression of Power
Monumentality
Stone Architecture in the Caroline Islands
Great Zimbabwe in East Africa
Empire Building
The Great Wall of China
Saqsaywaman Fortress, Peru
Colonialism and Native Traditions
Inka and Spanish Changes at Cuzco
Mughals in India: Red Forts at Agra and Delhi
Suggested Readings
Planning and Design
Land Use
Urban Planning
Formal or Organic: Mohenjo-Daro and Toledo
Symbolic Creation or Gradual Agglomeration?
Landscaped Settings
Form and Meaning: Taj Mahal, Agra, India
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