Transport Processes and Unit Operations

ISBN-10: 0139304398
ISBN-13: 9780139304392
Edition: 3rd 1993
List price: $112.00
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Book details

List price: $112.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 3/5/1993
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 928
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 2.00" tall
Weight: 3.036
Language: English

Preface
Transport Processes: Momentum, Heat, and Mass
Introduction to Engineering Principles and Unitsp. 1
Classification of Unit Operations and Transport Processesp. 1
SI System of Basic Units Used in This Text and Other Systemsp. 3
Methods of Expressing Temperatures and Compositionsp. 5
Gas Laws and Vapor Pressurep. 7
Conservation of Mass and Material Balancesp. 9
Energy and Heat Unitsp. 14
Conservation of Energy and Heat Balancesp. 19
Graphical, Numerical, and Mathematical Methodsp. 23
Principles of Momentum Transfer and Overall Balancesp. 31
Fluid Staticsp. 32
General Molecular Transport Equation for Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transferp. 39
Viscosity of Fluidsp. 43
Types of Fluid Flow and Reynolds Numberp. 47
Overall Mass Balance and Continuity Equationp. 50
Overall Energy Balancep. 56
Overall Momentum Balancep. 69
Shell Momentum Balance and Velocity Profile in Laminar Flowp. 78
Design Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Flow in Pipesp. 83
Compressible Flow of Gasesp. 101
Principles of Momentum Transfer and Applicationsp. 114
Flow Past Immersed Objects and Packed and Fluidized Bedsp. 114
Measurement of Flow of Fluidsp. 127
Pumps and Gas-Moving Equipmentp. 133
Agitation and Mixing of Fluids and Power Requirementsp. 140
Non-Newtonian Fluidsp. 153
Differential Equations of Continuityp. 164
Differential Equations of Momentum Transfer or Motionp. 170
Use of Differential Equations of Continuity and Motionp. 175
Other Methods for Solution of Differential Equations of Motionp. 184
Boundary-Layer Flow and Turbulencep. 190
Dimensional Analysis in Momentum Transferp. 202
Principles of Steady-State Heat Transferp. 214
Conduction Heat Transferp. 220
Conduction Through Solids in Seriesp. 223
Steady-State Conduction and Shape Factorsp. 233
Forced Convection Heat Transfer Inside Pipesp. 236
Heat Transfer Outside Various Geometries in Forced Convectionp. 247
Natural Convection Heat Transferp. 253
Boiling and Condensationp. 259
Heat Exchangersp. 267
Introduction to Radiation Heat Transferp. 276
Advanced Radiation Heat-Transfer Principlesp. 281
Heat Transfer of Non-Newtonian Fluidsp. 297
Special Heat-Transfer Coefficientsp. 300
Dimensional Analysis in Heat Transferp. 308
Numerical Methods for Steady-State Conduction in Two Dimensionsp. 310
Principles of Unsteady-State Heat Transferp. 330
Derivation of Basic Equationp. 330
Simplified Case for Systems with Negligible Internal Resistancep. 332
Unsteady-State Heat Conduction in Various Geometriesp. 334
Numerical Finite-Difference Methods for Unsteady-State Conductionp. 350
Chilling and Freezing of Food and Biological Materialsp. 360
Differential Equation of Energy Changep. 365
Boundary-Layer Flow and Turbulence in Heat Transferp. 370
Principles of Mass Transferp. 381
Molecular Diffusion in Gasesp. 385
Molecular Diffusion in Liquidsp. 397
Molecular Diffusion in Biological Solutions and Gelsp. 403
Molecular Diffusion in Solidsp. 408
Numerical Methods for Steady-State Molecular Diffusion in Two Dimensionsp. 413
Principles of Unsteady-State and Convective Mass Transferp. 426
Unsteady-State Diffusionp. 426
Convective Mass-Transfer Coefficientsp. 432
Mass-Transfer Coefficients for Various Geometriesp. 437
Mass Transfer to Suspensions of Small Particlesp. 450
Molecular Diffusion Plus Convection and Chemical Reactionp. 453
Diffusion of Gases in Porous Solids and Capillariesp. 462
Numerical Methods for Unsteady-State Molecular Diffusionp. 468
Dimensional Analysis in Mass Transferp. 474
Boundary-Layer Flow and Turbulence in Mass Transferp. 475
Unit Operations
Evaporationp. 489
Types of Evaporation Equipment and Operation Methodsp. 491
Overall Heat-Transfer Coefficients in Evaporatorsp. 495
Calculation Methods for Single-Effect Evaporatorsp. 496
Calculation Methods for Multiple-Effect Evaporatorsp. 502
Condensers for Evaporatorsp. 511
Evaporation of Biological Materialsp. 513
Evaporation Using Vapor Recompressionp. 514
Drying of Process Materialsp. 520
Equipment for Dryingp. 521
Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidityp. 525
Equilibrium Moisture Content of Materialsp. 533
Rate of Drying Curvesp. 536
Calculation Methods for Constant-Rate Drying Periodp. 540
Calculation Methods for Falling-Rate Drying Periodp. 545
Combined Convection, Radiation, and Conduction Heat Transfer in Constant-Rate Periodp. 548
Drying in Falling-Rate Period by Diffusion and Capillary Flowp. 551
Equations for Various Types of Dryersp. 556
Freeze Drying of Biological Materialsp. 566
Unsteady-State Thermal Processing and Sterilization of Biological Materialsp. 569
Stage and Continuous Gas-Liquid Separation Processesp. 584
Types of Separation Processes and Methodsp. 584
Equilibrium Relations Between Phasesp. 586
Single and Multiple Equilibrium Contact Stagesp. 587
Mass Transfer Between Phasesp. 594
Continuous Humidification Processesp. 602
Absorption in Plate and Packed Towersp. 610
Absorption of Concentrated Mixtures in Packed Towersp. 627
Estimation of Mass Transfer Coefficients for Packed Towersp. 632
Vapor-Liquid Separation Processesp. 640
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Relationsp. 640
Single-Stage Equilibrium Contact for Vapor-Liquid Systemp. 642
Simple Distillation Methodsp. 644
Distillation with Reflux and McCabe-Thiele Methodp. 649
Distillation and Absorption Tray Efficienciesp. 666
Fractional Distillation Using Enthalpy-Concentration Methodp. 669
Distillation of Multicomponent Mixturesp. 679
Liquid-Liquid and Fluid-Solid Separation Processesp. 697
Batch Adsorptionp. 700
Design of Fixed-Bed Adsorption Columnsp. 701
Ion-Exchange Processesp. 708
Single-Stage Liquid-Liquid Extraction Processesp. 709
Equipment for Liquid-Liquid Extractionp. 715
Continuous Multistage Countercurrent Extractionp. 716
Introduction and Equipment for Liquid-Solid Leachingp. 723
Equilibrium Relations and Single-Stage Leachingp. 729
Countercurrent Multistage Leachingp. 733
Introduction and Equipment for Crystallizationp. 737
Crystallization Theoryp. 743
Membrane Separation Processp. 754
Liquid Permeation Membrane Processes or Dialysisp. 755
Gas Permeation Membrane Processesp. 759
Complete-Mixing Model for Gas Separation by Membranesp. 764
Complete-Mixing Model for Multicomponent Mixturesp. 769
Cross-Flow Model for Gas Separation by Membranesp. 772
Countercurrent-Flow Model for Gas Separation by Membranesp. 778
Effects of Processing Variables on Gas Separation by Membranesp. 780
Reverse-Osmosis Membrane Processesp. 782
Applications, Equipment, and Models for Reverse Osmosisp. 788
Ultrafiltration Membrane Processesp. 791
Mechanical-Physical Separation Processesp. 800
Filtration in Solid-Liquid Separationp. 801
Settling and Sedimentation in Particle-Fluid Separationp. 815
Centrifugal Separation Processesp. 828
Mechanical Size Reductionp. 840
Appendix A.1 Fundamental Constants and Conversion Factorsp. 850
Appendix A.2 Physical Properties of Waterp. 854
Appendix A.3 Physical Properties of Inorganic and Organic Compoundsp. 864
Appendix A.4 Physical Properties of Foods and Biological Materialsp. 889
Appendix A.5 Properties of Pipes, Tubes, and Screensp. 892
Notationp. 895
Indexp. 905
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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