Occupational Safety Management and Engineering

ISBN-10: 0138965153
ISBN-13: 9780138965150
Edition: 5th 2001
List price: $197.80 Buy it from $69.23
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Description: This revised text provides readers with the most current information available on a wide range of topics. Topics covered include workers' compensation, fault tree analysis, hearing protection, environmental protection, fire protection, workers with  More...

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Book details

List price: $197.80
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 6/14/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 603
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

This revised text provides readers with the most current information available on a wide range of topics. Topics covered include workers' compensation, fault tree analysis, hearing protection, environmental protection, fire protection, workers with disabilities, ergonomics, OSHA violation policy, and much more. For anyone interested in industrial safety.

Preface
Accident Losses
Costs of Well-Being
The Industrial Revolution and Accidents
Increasing Hazards
Physical Effects of Accidents
Numbers of Accidents vs. Costs
Lessening Safety Costs
Accident Losses for Personnel vs. Equipment and Facilities
Increasing Magnitude of Accident Losses
Awards for Injuries
Bibliography
Exercises
Liabilities and Safety Legislation
Statute Law
Common Law
Misadventure (Accident)
Strict Liability
Industrial Revolution
Negligence
American Laws
Steam Engines, Boats, and Locomotives
The Fourteenth Amendment and Safety
Liability Laws
Workers' Compensation Laws
Later Actions
Resurgence of Strict Liability
Limited Liability
Excused Negligence
Bibliography
Exercises
Workers' Compensation
Obligations to Employees
Workers' Compensation Laws
Problems of Nonuniformity
Coverages
Workers' Compensation Insurance
Costs of Workers' Compensation Insurance
Insurance Rating Systems
Keeping Workers' Compensation Costs Down
Workers' Compensation Reform
Requirements for Benefits
Disagreements
Injury Resulting from an Accident
Injury Arising out of Employment
Types of Disabilities
Monetary Disability Benefits
Death Benefits
Extent of Medical Benefits
Injury and Claim Notices
Hearings
Action against a Third Party
Inadequacy of Workers' Compensation
Bibliography
Exercises
Oshact and its Administration
New Concepts of Accident Avoidance
Enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHAct)
Other Organizations
State Industrial Safety Programs
Responsibilities of Employers and Employees
Inspections
Violations and Penalties
Standards
Record Keeping
Impact of OSHA
OSHA and Hazard Minimization
Antagonism toward OSHA
The New Millennium
The New OSHA
Exercises
Standards, Codes, And Other Safety Documents
Uses for Standards and Codes
Mandatory vs. Voluntary Standards
Objections to Consensus Standards
Test Standards
Differences in Standards
Changing Standards
Inadequacies of Standards
Standards and Analyses
Proliferation of Standards
Status of OSHA Standards
Bibliography
Exercises
Engineers and Safety
Accomplishments of Engineers
Engineering and Accidents
Steam Equipment and Accidents
Technical Societies and Safety
Inadequacy of Engineering Schools
Engineers as Causers of Accidents
Registration of Engineers
Possible Improvements in Registration
Bibliography
Exercises
Management and its Responsibilities
Safety Policies
OSHAct and Management
Actions against Managers
Management Attitudes toward Safety
Middle Managers
Foremen/Forewomen and Safety
Procedural Safeguards
Management and Supervision
Safety Efforts of Other Managers
Hazardous Operations
Personnel
Personal Protective Equipment
Checklist for Managers
Safety Information System
Bibliography
Exercises
The Changing Roles of Safety Personnel
Safety Laws and Safety Engineers
Safety Personnel
"Safety Man"
Safety Engineer
Production and Processing Losses
Growing Areas within Safety
Bibliography
Exercises
Personnel
Disabled Personnel in the Workplace
Older Personnel in the Workforce
Human Error
Designing and Planning Errors
Production Errors
Operations Errors
Two-Person Concept
Human vs. Machine
The Biochemical Machine
Motivation
Violence in the Workplace
Judgment
Accident-Prone Persons
Quantitative Error Prediction
Human Factors Engineering
Procedural Means of Accident Prevention
Critical Operations
Responsibilities of the Individual Worker
Procedure Analysis
Outputs of Procedure Analysis
Contingency Analysis
Bibliography
Exercises
Promoting Safe Practices
The Behavior-Based Safety Approach
The Regulatory Approach: Safety Rules
Employee Participation
Critical Incident Technique
Other Methods
Suggestion Programs
Union Participation
Safety Training
In-depth Training
Maintaining Awareness
General Comments on Safety Committees
Safety Committee Duties
Bibliography
Exercises
Appraising Plant Safety
New Plants and Equipment Designs
Existing Plants and Equipment
Indicating Plant Hazards
Safety Inspections
Checklists
Quantitative Appraisals
Problems with Validity of Statistics
Problems with Quantitative Rates
Validity of Statistical Comparisons
Risk Assessments
Acceptance of Risk
Risk Communication
Bibliography
Exercises
Hazards and Their Control
Determining Existence of Hazards
Eliminating and Controlling Hazards
Isolation, Lockouts, Lockins, and Interlocks
Failure Minimization
Safety Factors and Margins
Monitoring
Warning Means and Devices
Safe Procedures
Backout and Recovery
Damage Minimization and Containment
Physical Isolation
Weak Links
Escape, Survival, and Rescue
Bibliography
Exercises
Planning for Emergencies
Medical Responses in Emergencies
Bibliography
Exercises
Accident Investigations
Investigating Board Chairman's Responsibilities
Contributing Personnel
Conducting the Investigation
Accident Reports
Corrective Actions
Insurance Claims
Other Aspects of Accident Investigations
Exercises
Safety Analysis
General
Preliminary Hazards Analysis
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis
Fault-Tree Analysis (FTA)
Fault Tree Symbols
Safety Analysis Methods Mandated for Process Safety Management
Bibliography
Exercises
Acceleration, Falls, Falling Objects, and Other Impacts
Falls
Preventive Measures Against Falls
Impacting Objects
Other Acceleration Effects
Bibliography
Exercises
Mechanical Injuries
Cutting and Tearing
Shearing
Crushing
Breaking
Machine Guards and Safety Devices
Guards
Precautionary Measures
Exercises
Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs): Work Related or Not Work Related?
The Effects of WMSDs
Worker-related Factors Associated with MSDs
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Nonoccupational Factors of CTS
Low Back Pain
Back Belts
Ergonomics: A Program to Control WMSDs
Bibliography
Exercises
Heat and Temperature
Effects on Personnel
Classification of Burn Severities
Burns to the Eye
Other Temperature Effects on Personnel
High Temperatures
Additional Effects
Bibliography
Exercises
Pressure Hazards
Unfired Pressure Vessels
Discharges from Safety Valves
Dynamic Pressure Hazards
Water Hammer
Negative Pressure (Vacuums)
Testing of Pressure Systems
Leaks
Effects of Leakage
Leak Detection
Dysbarism and Decompression Sicknes
Compressed-Gas Cylinders
Bibliography
Exercises
Electrical Hazards
Shock
Other Factors
Causes of Shock
Electrical Insulation Failures
Equipment Failures
Other Shock Protection
Static Electricity
Lightning
Ignition of Combustible Materials
Containment of Discharges
Inherently Safe Devices
Heating and Overheating
Circuit and Equipment Protection
Unit Protection
Why an Open Circuit?
Exercises
Fires and Fire Suppression
Fuels
Oxidizers
Gases
Flammable and Combustible Liquids
Flammable Solids
Ignition
Ignition Sources
Ignition Delay
Effects of Fire on Personnel
Fire Detection Systems
Fire Classifications
Fire Suppression
Extinguishing Systems
Bibliography
Exercises
Explosions and Explosives
Industrial Usage and Problems
Materials That Will Explode
Explosive Effects
Preventing Explosion Damage
Bibliography
Exercises
Hazards of Toxic Materials
Toxic Materials
Routes to Injury Sites
Hypoxia
Hypoxic Hypoxia
Mechanisms of Toxic Agents
Measurement of Toxicity
Detection of Toxic Agents
Respiratory Protective Equipment
Bibliography
Exercises
Environments
OSHA and EPA
Types of Environments
Natural and Induced Environments
Controlled Environments
Closed or Free Environments
Hazards of the Environment
Detecting Adverse Environments
Protection against the Environment
Industrial Ecology
Bibliography
Exercises
Confined-Space Entry
What Is a Confined Space?
Atmospheric Hazards
Physical Hazards
Chemical, Biological, Radiation
Management Responsibilities for Confined Spaces
Bibliography
Exercises
Radiation
Ionizing Radiation
Factors Affecting Exposure and Risk
Sources of Ionizing Radiation
Beneficial Uses of Ionizing Radiation
Fears of Nuclear Radiation
Ionizing/Nonionizing Interface
Nonionizing Radiations
Radio Frequency Radiation of Wireless Communication Devices
Bibliography
Exercises
Vibration and Noise
Effects of Vibration, Sound, and Noise
Mechanism of Hearing Injuries
Elements of a Hearing Conservation Program (HCP)
Annoyance
Distraction
Interference and Masking
Other Vibration Effects
Bibliography
Exercises
Computers and Safety
Safety Uses of Computers
Safety Problems to Workers
Accidents with Computerized Equipment
Computer Inabilities
Programming Errors
Avoiding Human Errors
Safety Data Processing
Avoiding Safety Problems
Computer Controls against Hazards
Computers and Hazard Analyses
Simulations
Software Hazard Categories
Software Analysis
Software Hazard Analysis Techniques
Tailoring Software Analysis
Robots and Accidents
For the Future
Bibliography
Exercises
Bibliography
Index

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