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Meaning of Sociology

ISBN-10: 013813328X
ISBN-13: 9780138133283
Edition: 8th 2009
List price: $72.40
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Description: This classic introduction to sociology as aperspectivegives readers a sound understanding of key sociological concepts as well as insight into how sociologists view society and human beings. Clearly written and organized, it shows readers how the  More...

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Book details

List price: $72.40
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 6/16/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.70" tall
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

This classic introduction to sociology as aperspectivegives readers a sound understanding of key sociological concepts as well as insight into how sociologists view society and human beings. Clearly written and organized, it shows readers how the various aspects of sociology fit together - and are relevant to their own lives.The volume addresses the discipline of sociology, sociology as a perspective, how sociologists think, social structure, inequality in society, culture, social institutions, the interrelationships among organizations, social order, control, deviance and power, social change, the family in society and the meaning and uses of sociology.For those interested in the sociology of humans.

Preface
The Nature of Sociology
The Discipline of Sociology
What Is Sociology?
Sociology Is an Academic Discipline
Sociology Focuses on Our Social World
Sociology Asks Three Questions
Sociology Focuses on Five Topics
Sociology Is a Scientific Discipline
The Meaning of Sociology: A Summary
The Beginnings of Sociology
Science Was an Inspiration ...
And So Were the Problems of Industrialization ...
And the Need to Understand Revolution ...
As Well as Experiences with Other Peoples and Societies ...
And a Climate for New Ideas Arose
The Development of Sociology
Conclusion and Summary
Questions to Consider
Recommended Reading
Sociology as a Perspective: How Sociologists Think
Humans Are Social Beings
Humans Exist Within Social Patterns
Humans Are Socialized
Durkheim: The Study of Suicide
Durkheim's Theory
Durkheim's Evidence
Extending His Theory
Durkheim's Influence
Sociology: A Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Humans Are Embedded in Social Organization
Organization Begins with Social Action
Mutual Social Action Is Social Interaction
Social Organization Is Patterned Social Interaction
The Forms of Social Organization
Dyads Are Twos
Groups Are More
Formal Organizations Write Down Their Rules
Communities Are Self-Sufficient Units of Organization
Societies Are the Most Inclusive Form of Organization
Social Organization Seems to Sit Right on Top of US
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Social Structure
We All Fill Positions in Social Structure
Roles Are Attached to Positions
Roles Are Not as Simple as a Script in a Play
Status Positions Form Our Identities
Positions Are Unequal
Unequal Power
Unequal Prestige
Unequal Privileges
Our Positions Also Give Us Our Perspectives
Summary: The Meaning and Importance of Structure
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
The Nature of Social Organization
Inequality in Society
The Meaning of Social Class
Gender and Race
Class, Race, and Gender Structures Are Special Social Structures
Social Stratification Affects Placement in Other Social Organizations
The Origin of Social Stratification Systems
Social Mobility
Structural Change
Marx's View of Social Stratification
Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Culture
Culture Is a Shared Perspective on the World
Culture Is Learned
Culture Is a Social Inheritance
Culture Is a Body of "Truth"
Culture Is a Set of Values
Values Are Reflected in Action
There Is an American Value System, but It Is Complex and Often Inconsistent
Culture Is a Set of Goals
Culture Is a Set of Norms
Culture, Subculture, and Counterculture
Culture Is Important
The Real Significance of Culture: The Social Construction of Reality
Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Social Institutions
Institutions Are Social Patterns
Social Institutions Are the Most Central Grooves in Society
Institutions Are the Central Ways a Society Functions and Solves Its Ongoing Problems
Institutions Are Widely Accepted and Deeply Entrenched
Social Institutions Are Real Forces Working on Actors
The Meaning of Institutions: A Summary
Institutions Are Important
Institutionalization and Deinstitutionalization
The Rejection of Social Institutions
Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Organizations, Societies, and Globalization
Social Organizations Influence Each Other
Society in the World Order
Karl Marx: A Future Worldwide Capitalist Order
Immanuel Wallerstein: Core Societies, Semi-Peripheral Societies, and Peripheral Societies
Globalization in the Twenty-First Century: Economic, Political, and Cultural
The Meaning of Globalization
Economic Globalization
Cultural Globalization
Political Globalization
The Criticisms of Globalization
Conclusion and Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Order and Power in Social Organization
Social Order, Social Control, and Social Deviance
Social Order Is Established Through Structure and Culture
Social Order Depends on Working Institutions
Social Order Depends on Socialization
Loyalty to the Organization Is the Fifth Foundation for Social Order
Social Controls Contribute to Social Order
Social Deviance
Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Social Power
The Meaning of Social Power
Three Definitions of Power
Resources and Social Power
Influence, Control, and Powerlessness
Authority
The Inevitability of Inequality in Organization
Class Position and Power
Organization as Power
Three Theories of Power
Pluralism
The Power Elite
The Corporate Elite
Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
The Dynamic Nature of Human Social Life
Symbols, Self, and Mind: Our Active Nature
Individuality and Freedom
How Can We Explain Individuality?
The Origin of Human Freedom
Human Beings Are Symbol Users
The Meaning of Symbols
The Importance of Symbols
Symbols and Freedom
We Possess Self and Mind
Summary
Questions to Consider
Recommended Reading
Social Change
Individual Change and Social Change
Acts of Individuals and Groups Change Organization
Social Conflict Changes Organization
External Social Organizations and Environments Change Social Organization
Technology Changes Social Organization
Changes in Population Change Social Organization
Change in Social Patterns Causes Change in Other Social Patterns
Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
The Family in Society
The Importance of the Family to Sociology
Meaning of the Family
Is the Family Universal?
Why Is Definition Difficult?
The Family: A Primary Group in a Household
The Family: The Socialization Function
The Family: Economic and Social Functions
The Family: The Social Class Placement Function
The Family: The Expressive Function
The Meaning of the Family: A Summary
Marriage as an Institution
The Changing Structure of Marriage
Marital Satisfaction
Divorce
Children and Socialization in the Family
Individual Choice and the Changing Family
Summary
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Religion, Society, and the Individual
The Industrial Revolution: Religion and the Beginning of Sociology
Auguste Comte (1798-1857): The Death of the Sacred
Ferdinand Toennies (1855-1936): Religion and Community
Karl Marx (1818-1883): Religion as the Opiate of the Masses
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917): Meaning and Function of Religion
Religion and the Creation of the Sacred
Religion's Creation and Function Is Social
Religion Creates and Upholds the Morality of Society
Religion Is Important for the Individual
The Future of Society
Max Weber (1864-1920): Religion, the Rationalization of Life, and Social Change
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism: Religious Thought Influences Economic Action
Rationalization of Life and the Future of Religion
Charismatic Authority and the Role of Religion in Social Change
Weber: A Summary
The Heritage of Sociology from the Early Sociologists: Conclusion
The Study of Religion in the Late-Modern World
Secularization: Is Religion Becoming Less Important Today?
The Role of Fundamentalism
Organized Religion and Individual Spirituality
Summary: The Sociology of Religion
Questions to Consider
References
Recommended Reading
Conclusion
The Meaning and Uses of Sociology
The Uses of Sociology
Questions to Consider
Reference
Recommended Reading
Index

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