Practical Reasoning in Natural Language

ISBN-10: 0136782698
ISBN-13: 9780136782698
Edition: 4th 1997 (Revised)
List price: $142.60 Buy it from $9.50
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Description: Written especially for beginners, this basic manual/workbook shows how to analyze and evaluate any passage of reasoning or argumentation as it actually occurs in natural language contexts - e.g., books, articles, essays, speeches, editorials,  More...

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Book details

List price: $142.60
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 10/25/1996
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 504
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

Written especially for beginners, this basic manual/workbook shows how to analyze and evaluate any passage of reasoning or argumentation as it actually occurs in natural language contexts - e.g., books, articles, essays, speeches, editorials, conversations. This book presents a general method of ";natural logic";by which the logical structure of any argument -Scientific, philosophic, mathematical, political, religious, ethical, legal, ";inductive";, ";deductive";, modal, semantic, syntactic, evidentiary, etc. - can be graphically represented without; employing traditional methods used in logic textbooks (e.g. truth-tables, Venn diagrams, etc.). It shows how these techniques can be used to analyze a situation involving many pros and cons, and to identify the argument in discourse where the reasoning is obscure, complex or disorganized.

Stephen Thomas is a senior research fellow at the University of Greenwich, UK. He has researched widely in energy policy and planning.

Preface to the Instructor
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Basic Analysis of Reasoning
What Is Reasoning
Reasons and Conclusions
Determining the Logical Structure of a Reasoned Discourse
Analyzing the Structure of Longer and More Complicated Arguments
Basic Evaluation of Reasoning
What Is Good Reasoning?
Semantic Clarification
Conditional Relationships
Some Valid Steps of Reasoning Using Conditional and Other Relationahips
The How and Why of Supplying Suppressed Premises<l>III</l>
Analyzing Muddy Reasoning or Confused Exposition
Informal Fallacies
Common Mistakes in Reasoning
Additional Common Mistakes in Reasoning
More Common Mistakes in Reasoning
Practical Decision Making
Making Decisions Logically: Reasons For Actions and Reasons Against Actions
Reasons Against the Validity of Other Reasons
Analyzing Media Editorials
Analyzing Reasoning Expressed in Contemporary Editorial Style
Analyzing Philosophical Reasoning
Analyzing Long Linked Arguments
Analyzing Disorganized or Confused Complex Reasoning
Index

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