Reason and Argument

ISBN-10: 0136246028
ISBN-13: 9780136246022
Edition: 2nd 1999
List price: $170.80 Buy it from $35.89 Rent it from $16.35
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Description: This book presents a clear and philosophically sound method for identifying, interpreting, and evaluating arguments as they appear in non-technical sources. It focuses on a more functional,real-world goal of argument analysis as a tool for figuring  More...

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Book details

List price: $170.80
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 6/12/1998
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 462
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.760
Language: English

This book presents a clear and philosophically sound method for identifying, interpreting, and evaluating arguments as they appear in non-technical sources. It focuses on a more functional,real-world goal of argument analysis as a tool for figuring out what is reasonable to believe rather than as an instrument of persuasion. Develops a precise, step-by-step method for analyzing arguments about a variety of topics -- shows how to rewrite arguments in a format that makes them clearer and makes their evaluation easier; and then how to evaluate the rewritten argument. Illustrates methods by applying them to both serious and humorous arguments about different topics as they appear in a variety of contexts e.g., newspaper and magazine editorials and columns, short essays, informal reports of scientific results, etc. Uses simple, relatively non-controversial examples to illustrate the basic ideas and concepts, and then offers more complicated and controversial examples for challenging applications. For anyone interested in identifying, interpreting, and evaluating arguments as they appear in non- technical sources.

Conceptual Foundations
Introduction
Arguments
Reason, Rhetoric, and Argument Analysis
The Ways People Deal with Arguments
Impediments to Good Reasoning
Truth and Rationality
Uses of Language
Truth and Correspondence to the Facts
Rational Belief
Well-Formed Arguments
Argument Analysis
Well-Formed Arguments
Validity, Cogency, and the Truth Value of Premises
Strong Arguments
Deductive Strength
Inductive Strength
The Method of Argument Analysis
Reconstructing Arguments
Argument Reconstruction and the Principle of Charity
Distinguishing Arguments from Non-Arguments
Identifying Premises and Conclusions
General and Specific Premises
Adding Implicit Premises
Details of Argument Reconstruction
Improper Wording
Missing Premises
Including Unnecessary Premises
Evaluating Arguments
Basic Rules of Argument Evaluation
Evaluating Specific Types of Premises
Argument, Analysis and Problems of Meaning
Applications
Arguments and Testimony
The Role of Testimony
Testimonial Arguments
Premises and Testimony
Statistical Arguments and Predictions
Past to Future Arguments
Simple Statistical Statements
The Standard Pattern for Survey Arguments
Evaluating Survey Arguments
Correlations
Causal Arguments
Causal Statements
The Meaning of General Causal Statements
Knowledge of General Causal Statements
Analyzing Causal Arguments
Common Errors in Causal Reasoning
Moral Arguments
Moral Propositions
Morality, Rationality, and Truth
Analyzing Moral Arguments
Common Problems in Moral Reasoning
Extended Examples
The Abortion Debate
Mathematical Reasoning Ability
The Steps of Argument Analysis
Principles, Definitions, and Patterns of Argument
Answers to Selected Exercises
Glossary

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