Essentials of Logic

ISBN-10: 013238034X
ISBN-13: 9780132380348
Edition: 2nd 2007 (Revised)
List price: $89.95 Buy it from $64.95
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Description: Rendered from the 11th Edition of Copi/Cohen, Introduction to Logic, the most respected introductory logic book on the market, this concise version presents a simplified yet rigorous introduction to the study of logic. It covers all major topics  More...

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Book details

List price: $89.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 7/17/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

Rendered from the 11th Edition of Copi/Cohen, Introduction to Logic, the most respected introductory logic book on the market, this concise version presents a simplified yet rigorous introduction to the study of logic. It covers all major topics and approaches, using a three-part organization that outlines specific topics under logic and language, deduction, and induction. For individuals intrigued by the formal study of logic.

Carl Cohen is professor of philosophy at University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Basic Logical Concepts
What Logic Is
Propositions and Sentences
Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions
Arguments and Explanations
Recognizing Arguments
Premise- and Conclusion-Indicators
Arguments in Context
Premises Not in Declarative Form
Unstated Propositions
Deduction and Validity
Validity and Truth
Induction and Probability
Analyzing Arguments
Paraphrasing
Diagramming Arguments
Interwoven Arguments
Complex Argumentative Passages
Essentials of Chapter 1
Informal Fallacies
What Is a Fallacy?
Fallacies of Relevance
Argument from Ignorance (argumentum ad ignoratiam)
Appeal to Illegitimate Authority (argumentum ad verecundiam)
Argument Against the Person (Personal Attack, argumentum ad hominem)
Appeal to Emotion (Mob Appeal, argumentum ad populum)
Appeal to Pity (argumentum ad misericordiam)
Appeal to Force (argumentum ad baculum)
Irrelevant Conclusion (ignoratio elenchi; non sequitur)
Fallacies of Presumption
Complex Question
False Cause (post hoc, ergo propter hoc; non causa pro causa)
Begging the Question (petitio principii)
Accident
Converse Accident (Hasty Generalization)
Suppressed Evidence
False Dichotomy
Fallacies of Ambiguity
Equivocation
Amphiboly
Accent
Composition
Division
Essentials of Chapter 2
Categorical Propositions
Categorical Logic
Categorical Propositions and Classes
Symbolism and Venn Diagrams for Categorical Propositions
Distribution
Existential Import
The Aristotelian Square of Opposition and Immediate Inferences
Contradictories
Contraries
Subcontraries
Subalternation
The Boolean Square of Opposition
Logical Equivalence and Immediate Inferences
Conversion
Obversion
Contraposition
Essentials of Chapter 3
Categorical Syllogisms
Standard Form Categorical Syllogisms
Major, Minor, and Middle Terms
Mood
Figure
The Nature of Syllogistic Arguments
Venn Diagram Technique for Testing Syllogisms
Syllogistic Rules and Syllogistic Fallacies
Essentials of Chapter 4
Arguments in Ordinary Language
Syllogistic Arguments in Ordinary Language
Reducing the Number of Terms in a Syllogistic Argument
Translating Categorical Propositions into Standard Form
Singular Propositions
Categorical Propositions with Adjectives or Adjectival Phrases as Predicates
Categorical Propositions with Verbs Other Than the Standard Form Copula To Be
Categorical Propositions in Nonstandard Order
Categorical Propositions with Nonstandard Quantifiers
Exclusive Propositions
Propositions Without Quantifiers
Propositions Not in Standard Form that Have Logically Equivalent Standard Form Alternatives
Exceptive Propositions
More Complex Quantifiers
Uniform Translation
Enthymemes
Essentials of Chapter 5
Symbolic Logic
The Symbolic Language of Modern Logic
Symbolese 101: The Language of Propositional Logic
Negation
Conjunction
Disjunction
Material Implication (Material Conditionality)
Biconditionals (Material Equivalence)
Grouping Indicators
Truth Tables as Tools for Analyzing Compound Propositions
Tautologous, Contradictory, and Contingent Statement Forms
Truth Tables as a Test for the Validity of Arguments
Some Common Valid Argument Forms
Some Common Invalid Argument Forms
More Complex Arguments
Incomplete and Reverse Truth Tables
Incomplete Truth Tables
Reverse Truth Tables
Arguments, Conditionals, and Tautologies
Essentials of Chapter 6
The Method of Deduction
Natural Deduction Versus Truth Tables
Formal Proofs of Validity
The Rule of Replacement (1)
The Rule of Replacement (2)
Conditional Proof
Indirect Proof
Essentials of Chapter 7
Quantification Theory
When Propositional Logic Is Not Enough
Symbolese 102: The Language of Quantificational Logic
Singular Propositions, Subjects, and Predicates
Universal and Particular Propositions
And Sometimes the Statements Are More Complex
Proving Validity
Conditional and Indirect Proof
Proving Invalidity
Essentials of Chapter 8
Induction
Introduction to Induction
Arguments by Analogy
Appraising Arguments by Analogy
Explanations and Hypotheses
Arguments to the Best Explanation
Essentials of Chapter 9
Truth Trees
Propositional Logic
Quantificational Logic
Essentials of the Appendix
Solutions to the Odd-Numbered Problems
Glossary/Index

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