Ethics Theory and Practice

ISBN-10: 0132302136

ISBN-13: 9780132302135

Edition: 9th 2007 (Revised)

List price: $86.67
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Description:

Well renowned and highly acclaimed, Ethics: Theory and Practice introduces readers with little or no background in philosophy or ethics to traditional and contemporary ethical theory using a clear, jargon-free style and a flexible organization. Discussing theories that readers can relate to their own life experiences, this Ninth Edition applies its material to various fields in the real world such as business, medicine, the environment, and the media. A host of examples and case studies illustrates for readers how to set up their own systematic, rational ethics and how to apply ethical theories to traditional and contemporary moral issues. For professionals with a career or interest in philosophy, ethics, psychology, and education.
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Book details

List price: $86.67
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 544
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.892
Language: English

Preface
What is Morality?
Objectives
What is Philosophy and Ethics' Relationship to It?
Key Terms
Approaches to the Study of Morality
Morality and Its Applications
Where Does Morality Come From?
Customary or Traditional and Reflective Morality
Morality, Law, and Religion
Why Should Human Beings Be Moral?
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality
Objectives
Psychological Egoism
Ethical Egoism
Utilitarianism
Difficulty with Consequentialist Theories in General
Care Ethics
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality
Objectives
Act Nonconsequentialist Theories
Rule Nonconsequentialist Theories
General Criticisms of Nonconsequentialist Theories
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Virtue Ethics
Objectives
Definition of Terms
Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics
Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation
Contemporary Analysis of Virtue Ethics
Who Is The Ideal Virtuous Person?
Vice and Virtue
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Excersices for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Absolutism versus Relativism
Objectives
The Meanings of Absolute
The Meaning of Relative
Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism
Propositions and Truth
Conclusion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Freedom versus Determinism
Objectives
The Meaning of Determinism
Types and Theories of Determinism
Fatalism and Hard and Soft Determinism
Indeterminism
Criticisms of Hard Determinism and Arguments for Freedom
Conclusion: Soft Determinism
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Reward and Punishment
Objectives
Definition of Key Terms
Reward and Punishment in Relationship to Justice
Elements of Justice
Reward
Theories of How to Reward
John Rawls and His Theory of Justice
Punishment
Theories of Punishment
Is a Synthesis Possible?
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles
Objectives
Conflicting General Moral Issues
Basic Assumptions
Basic Principles, Individual Freedom, and Their Justification
Priority of the Basic Principles
A General Way of Determining Priority-Two Categories
How the System of Humanitarian Ethics Works
Conclusion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Note
Research Navigator
The Taking of Human Life
Objectives
The Taking of Human Life
Suicide
Defense of the Innocent (the Self Included)
Cases for Study and Discussion
War
Terrorism
Cases for Study and Discussion
Capital Punishment
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Views of Major Ethical Theories on the Taking of Human Life
Suicide
Defense of the Innocent
War and Terrorism
Capital Punishment
Reader Reactions
Notes
Research Navigator
Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing
Objectives
Definition of Terms
Current Legal Status of Mercy Death and Mercy Killing
Allowing Someone to Die
Cases for Study and Discussion
Mercy Death
Cases for Study and Discussion
Mercy Killing
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing
Notes
Research Navigator
Abortion
Objectives
Introduction to the Abortion Issue
When Does Human Life Begin?
Arguments Against Abortion
Arguments for Abortion
The More Moderate Positions on Abortion
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Abortion
Notes
Research Navigator
Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing
Objectives
Introduction
Definitions of Key Terms
Nonconsequentialist and Consequentialist Views
Lying
Cases for Study and Discussion
Cheating
Cases for Study and Discussion
Breaking Promises
Cases for Study and Discussion
Stealing
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing
Notes
Research Navigator
Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality
Objectives
Major Aspects of Human Sexuality
The Meaning and Purposes of Human Sexuality
Premarital Sex
Sex in Marriage-Type Relationships (Including Nonlegal)
Masturbation
Pornography
Prostitution
Sexual Perversion or "Unnatural" Sexual Activity
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Morality, Human Sexuality, and Marriage
Notes
Research Navigator
Bioethics-Ethical Issues in Medicine
Objectives
Introduction and Definition of Terms
Health Care Professionals and Patients and Their Families-Rights and Obligations
Truth Telling and Informed Consent
Confidentiality
Guilt and Innocence in Treating Patients
Ethical Issues in Medicine
Stem Cell Research
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Bioethical Issues
Notes
Research Navigator
Business and Media Ethics
Objectives
Introduction
Rights and Obligations in Business
Two Ways of Approaching Rights and Obligations in Business
The Moderate Position
Justice, Truth Telling, and Honesty in Business
Ethical Issues in Business
Sexual Harassment
The New Global Economy and the International Business Scene
Media Ethics
Corporate Greed-Enron
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Business and Media Ethics
Notes
Research Navigator
Environmental Ethics
Objectives
Key Terms
Nature and Morality
Environmental Ethical Issues
Our Attitude Toward Nature and What Lies Behind It
Arguments for Use and Exploitation of the Natural Environment
Arguments Against the Use and Exploitation of Nature
Moderate Position
Criteria for Animal Rights
Ways of Dealing with Animal Rights
Use of Animals for Food
Use of Animals for Experimentation
Killing Animals for Sport
Protection of Endangered Species
Non-Western Perspectives on Environmental Issues
Conclusion
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Views of Major Ethical Theories on Environmental Ethics
Notes
Research Navigator
Appendixes
Introduction
Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of the Taking of Human Life
Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing
Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Abortion
Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing
Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Human Sexuality
Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Medicine (Bioethics)
Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Business (Business and Media Ethics)
Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Environmental Ethics
Supplementary Reading
Glossary
Index
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