Sociology of Education A Systematic Analysis

ISBN-10: 0131958941
ISBN-13: 9780131958944
Edition: 6th 2009 (Revised)
List price: $107.20
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Description: Comprehensive, contemporary, and cross-cultural in perspective, this book provides a sociological approach to education-- from several theoretical approaches and their practical application, to current educational issues, to the structure and  More...

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Book details

List price: $107.20
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 5/23/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.320
Language: English

Comprehensive, contemporary, and cross-cultural in perspective, this book provides a sociological approach to education-- from several theoretical approaches and their practical application, to current educational issues, to the structure and processes that make education systems work. Using an open systems model as a framework, it shows the formal organization of schools with structure, goals and processes; the informal organization with hidden curriculum, organization climate, etc.; the external environment that influences what goes on in the school, including financing, parent(s), community interest groups, etc.; processes such as stratification and change; higher education. Diagrams show interrelationships between topics. For educators and anyone interested in the sociology of education and schools.

Jeanne H. Ballantine is professor of sociology at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio. She received an MA from Columbia University and a PhD from Indiana University, with a specialty in sociology of education. She has been teaching and writing for more than 30 years and has written or coauthored several texts, including Sociology of Education: A Systematic Analysis, Teaching Sociology of Education, Sociological Footprints, and Our Social World: Introduction to Sociology. She has also published in other areas, including gender and teaching of sociology, and has been an active member of sociology of education organizations, including the ASA Section on Sociology of Education, the American Educational Research Association (AERA), and the International Sociological Association (ISA) Research Committee on Sociology of Education. She has won numerous awards, including the ASA Distinguished Contributions to Teaching Award.

Preface
Sociology of Education: A Unique Perspective for Understanding Schools
Sociology and Education
Why Study Sociology of Education?
Questions Asked by Sociologists of Education
U.S. Schools in the Early Twenty-First Century: Applying Sociological Findings
Demographic Trends
Family, Economic, and Social Trends
Schools in the New Century
Reform and Policy in Educational Systems
American Sociology of Education
Theoretical Approaches in the Sociology of Education
Functionalist Theory
Conflict Theory
Interaction and Interpretive Theories
Recent Theories in the Sociology of Education: Critical, "New," and Postmodern Theories
Feminist Theories in Sociology of Education
The Open Systems Approach
Research Methods in Sociology of Education
Organization of the Book
Summary
Sample study questions in sociology of education
Putting sociology to work
Conflicting Functions and Processes in Education: What Makes the System Work?
Conflicting Functions of Education
Unanticipated Consequences of Functions
The Importance of Processes in Educational Systems
The Function of Socialization: What We Learn and How We Learn It
The Early Childhood Education Controversy
Role of the Media and Commercials in the function of Socialization
The Function of Cultural Transmission and Process of Passing On Culture
Literacy, Illiteracy, and Cultural Transmission
Some Factors Affecting Learning
How to Pass On Culture
What Culture to Pass On
The Function of Social Control and Personal Development
Violence and Discipline in Schools
The Function of Selection and Allocation: The Sorting Process
The Testing Game
Achievement Tests
The Function of Change and Innovation: Looking to the Future
Summary
Putting sociology to work
Education and the Process of Stratification
The Crisis in Schooling
Education and Stratification in America
Education and Stratification Around the World
The Process of Stratification: Is Inequality Inevitable?
Determinants of Social Class
Major Explanations of Stratification
Stratification and Equality of Educational Opportunity
The Meaning of "Equality of Educational Opportunity"
Social Class Reproduction: The Debate over Public versus Private Schools
The Controversial Issue of "Choice"
Ability Grouping and Teacher Expectations
Financing Schools in the United States
Summary
Putting sociology to work
Race, Class, and Gender: Attempts to Achieve Equality of Educational Opportunity
Gender and Equality of Educational Opportunity
Sex-Role Socialization
Sex Differences in the Educational System
Combating Gender Differences
Class, Race, and Attempts to Rectify Inequalities in Educational Opportunity
Trends in Public School Enrollments
The Underclass and At-Risk Students
Research on Equality of Educational Opportunity
The Battle over Desegregation
Court Cases on Desegregation
Effects of Efforts to Desegregate Schools
Student Goals, Aspirations, and Future Prospects
Integration Attempts
Educational Experience of Selected Minorities in the United States
Hispanic Students
Immigrants
Asian American Students
Native American Students
Special Education Students
Gifted Students
Improving Schools for Minority Students
Summary
Putting sociology to work
The School as an Organization
Social System of the School
Goals of the School System
Societal, Community, and Educators' Goals
School Goals
Individual Goals
The School as an Organization
The School as a Bureaucracy
Characteristics of Bureaucracy
Development of Schools as Bureaucracies
Problems in Educational Bureaucracies
Understanding Schools as Modern Organizations: Structures and Models
Centralized versus Decentralized Decision Making: The Fight over Control of Schools
Centralization of Decision Making
Decentralization of Decision Making
Small Schools and Classrooms: Are They Better for Student Achievement?
Summary
Putting sociology to work
Formal School Statuses and Roles: "The Way It Spozed to Be"
The Meaning of Roles
Statuses and Roles in the System
The School Organization and Roles
Role Expectations and Conflict
Professionals in the Educational System
Roles in Schools
School Boards: Liaison Between School and Community
Superintendent: Manager of the School System
The Principal: School Boss-in-the-Middle
Teachers: The Front Line
Support Roles in the School: Behind the Scenes
Summary
Putting sociology to work
Students: The Core of the School
Student Characteristics
Expectations for the Student Role
Learning the Student Role
Conflicting Expectations for the Student Role
Student Coping Mechanisms
School Failures and Dropouts
Who Drops Out?
Why Students Drop Out
Gangs and Schools
School Crime and Violence
Retention and Suspension: School Reactions to Problem Students
Adolescent Employment and Dropping Out of School
The Future for Dropouts
Criticisms of the Student Role
Students and the Informal System
Student's Self-Concept
School Value Climate and Student Achievement
Teacher and Student Expectations
Peer Groups and Student Culture
Student Coping Strategies
Students and Their Environments
Effects of Home Environment on Educational Achievement
Family Background and Parental Involvement
Social Class Background
Parenting Styles
Family Aspirations
Single-Parent Homes
The Role of Mothers
The Number of Siblings
Summary
Putting sociology to work
The Informal System and the "Hidden Curriculum": What Really Happens in School?
The Open Systems Approach and the Informal System
The Hidden Curriculum
Reproduction Theory and the Informal System
The Educational "Climate" and School Effectiveness
The Value Climate
The School Climate and Effective Schools
Classroom Learning Climate
Student Friendship and Interaction Patterns in the Classroom
Power Dynamics and Roles in the Informal System
Theoretical Explanations of Power Dynamics in the Classroom
Teacher Strategies and the Informal System
Summary
Putting sociology to work
The Educational System and the Environment: A Symbiotic Relationship
The Environment and the Educational System
Types of Environments
The School Systems' Environments: Interdependence Between Institutions
Home and Family Influences on Schools
The Institution of Religion: Church and State
The Economics of Education: Financing Schools
The Political and Legal Institutions
Communities and Their Schools
Summary
Putting sociology to work
The System of Higher Education
History and Development of Higher Education
Historical Functions of Higher Education
Trends in Development of Higher Education
Theoretical Approaches to Higher Education
The Expansion of Higher Education
Access to Higher Education
Stratification and Equal Opportunity in Higher Education
Elite versus Public Colleges
Admissions and the Courts
Characteristics of Higher Education in the United States
Growth of Higher Education
The School-to-Work Transition and the Credential Crisis
Functions of the Higher Education System
The University as a Community
The Function of Research
The Function of Teaching
The Function of Service
The Function of the "National Security State"
Conflicts over the University's function
The Academic Function of Universities versus Business Functions
What Type of Curriculum?
Higher Education as an Organization
Higher Education Structure and the Bureaucratic Model: Does It Work?
Roles in Higher Education
Roles in Higher Education: The Clients
Gender and Race in Higher Education
The Graying of College Graduates
Roles in Higher Education: The Faculty
Faculty Issues in Higher Education
Roles in Higher Education: Administrators
Environmental Pressures on Higher Education
Funding of Higher Education
The Courts and Affirmative Action
Environmental Feedback and Organizational Change
Outcomes of Higher Education
Higher Education: Attitudes, Values, and Behaviors
The Value of a College Education
Problems and Reform in Higher Education
Summary
Putting sociology to work
Educational Systems Around the World: A Comparative View
Cross-cultural Educational Studies
Comparative Education as a Field of Study
Comparative Education and the Systems Approach
Cross-cultural Studies of Educational Systems: Achievement Studies
Comparative International Studies of Achievement
Theoretical Perspectives in Comparative Education
Human Capital Perspectives
"Legitimation of Knowledge" Perspective
Rich versus Poor: An Educational Typology
World System Analysis
Global Institutional Interdependence
Education and the Institution of Religion
Family, Social Class, and Education
Education and Economic Institutions
Political-Economic Divisions Between Societal Systems
Higher Education Around the World
Summary
Putting sociology to work
Educational Systems Around the World: Britain, China, and Postcolonial Africa
Education in Britain
Development of Education in Britain
Control and Decision Making in British Education
Structure of the British Educational System
Composition of British Schools
Exams and Credentials
Inequality in Education and Occupational Mobility
Higher Education in Great Britain: Elite versus Mass Education
Education in the People's Republic of China
Recent Historical Events Affecting Education
The Drive Toward Modernization
Equality of Educational Opportunity
Status and Structure of Education in China
Higher Education in the PRC
Formal Education in Colonial Africa
Education in Ghana
History of Education in Ghana
Forms of Education
Nonformal Education in Africa
Structure of the Ghanaian Educational System
Equality of Opportunity in Ghanaian Education
Higher Education in Postcolonial Africa
Summary
Putting sociology to work
Educational Movements and Reform
The Nature of Educational Movements
Early Educational Movements
Early European Education: Purpose and Function for Society
Educational Movements in the United States
Alternative Education and Related Movements
Third World Alternative Educational Movements
English Primary Schools
Open Classrooms
Back to Basics
Private Schools
Accountability Movements
Effective Schools and Educational Reform
Structural and Curricular Changes in the Schools
The "School Choice" Movement
"Multiculturalism" and "Political Correctness"
Technology and the Classroom
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
Other Movements, Reforms, and Fads
A Look Into the Future
Summary
Putting sociology to work
References
Index

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