Organizations and Organizing Rational, Natural and Open Systems Perspectives

ISBN-10: 0131958933
ISBN-13: 9780131958937
Edition: 6th 2007 (Revised)
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Description: This broad, balanced introduction to organizational studies enables the reader to compare and contrast different approaches to the study of organizations. This book is a valuable tool for the reader, as we are all intertwined with organizations in  More...

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Book details

List price: $138.47
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 10/5/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.188
Language: English

This broad, balanced introduction to organizational studies enables the reader to compare and contrast different approaches to the study of organizations. This book is a valuable tool for the reader, as we are all intertwined with organizations in one form or another. Numerous other disciplines besides sociology are addressed in this book, including economics, political science, strategy and management theory. Topic areas discussed in this book are the importance of organizations; defining organizations; organizations as rational, natural, and open systems; environments, strategies, and structures of organizations; and organizations and society. For those employed in fields where knowledge of organizational theory is necessary, including sociology, anthropology, cognitive psychology, industrial engineering, managers in corporations and international business, and business strategists.

Preface
The Subject Is Organizations; The Verb is Organizing
The Importance of Organizations
Organizations as an Area of Study
Common and Divergent Interests
The Elements of Organizations
Defining the Concept of Organization
Summary
Organizations as Rational Systems
The Defining Characteristics
Selected Schools
Summary and Tentative Conclusions
Organizations as Natural Systems
Basic versus Distinctive Characteristics
Selected Schools
Summary and Tentative Conclusions
Organizations as Open Systems
System Levels
Special Emphases and Insights
Selected Schools
Summary and Tentative Conclusions
Combining Perspectives, Expanding Levels
Attempts at Integration
Glancing Back and Looking Forward
Expanded Levels of Analysis
Theories at the Ecological Level
Concluding Comment
Technology and Structure
Organizations as Technical Adaptive Systems
Technology and Structure: Natural System Formulations
Summary
Labor and Structure
The Social Boundaries of Organizations
Division of Labor
Labor Markets and Organizational Boundaries
High-Performance Work Organizations
Problems for Participants
Concluding Comments
Goals, Power, and Control
Goal Setting in Organizations
Anarchies, Adhocracies, and Learning
Control Systems
Critical and Postmodern Conceptions of Power
Summary
The Dyadic Environment of the Organization
Why Are There Organizations, and Where Do They Place Their Boundaries?
Transaction Costs and the Origins of Firms
How Do Organizations Manage Their Relations with Other Organizations?
Resource Dependence and the Negotiated Environment
Summary
Organization of the Environment
How Do New Organizations and New Populations of Organizations Arise, and Why Do They Fail?: Ecological Perspectives
How Are Organizations Shaped by Broader Social-Political-Cultural Processes?: Institutional Perspectives
Summary
Networks In and Around Organizations
Introduction: From Metaphor to Method to Worldview
Network Thinking
Interorganizational Networks
Network Forms of Organization
Sectoral and Societal Networks
Summary
Strategy, Structure, and Performance: The Sociology of Organizational Strategy
Why Are Organizations in Some Industries More Profitable Than Those in Others?
Organizational Performance
Summary
The Rise and Transformation of the Corporate Form
Changing Forms of Organizations
Are Organizations Still the Defining Structures of Society?
Summary
Changing Contours of Organizations and Organization Theory
From Unitary to Multiparadigm
From Monocultural to Multicultural Studies
From Present-centered to Longitudinal and Historical Analysis
From Micro- to Macro Units and Levels of Analysis
From Structure to Process
References
Name Index
Subject Index

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