Behavior Modification What It Is and How to Do It

ISBN-10: 0131942271
ISBN-13: 9780131942271
Edition: 8th 2007 (Revised)
List price: $131.00
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Description: For undergraduate courses in Behavior Modification or Behavior Therapy This book presents a comprehensive, practical presentation of both the principles of behavior modification and guidelines for their application. Throughout their separate  More...

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Book details

List price: $131.00
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 2/7/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.804
Language: English

For undergraduate courses in Behavior Modification or Behavior Therapy This book presents a comprehensive, practical presentation of both the principles of behavior modification and guidelines for their application. Throughout their separate experiences in teaching behavior modification over the past 39 years, both Garry Martin and Joseph Pear's goals have remained the same: to teach people about the principles of behavior modification and how to apply them effectively to their everyday concerns - from helping children learn life's necessary skills to solving some of their own personal behavior problems. Through eight editions their text has remained successful and effective because it addresses the needs of two central audiences: college and university students taking courses in behavior modification and its related areas; and students or practitioners of various helping professions (such as clinical psychology, counseling, medicine, etc.) who are concerned directly with enhancing various forms of behavioral development. Assuming no prior knowledge of behavior modification or psychology, this text facilitates understanding of the principles of behavior modification and helps readers to successfully implement behavior modification programs.

Preface
Changes in the Eighth Edition
Instructors Resource Manual with Tests and Practica
Acknowledgments
To the Student
The Behavior Modification Approach
Introduction
What Is Behavior?
What Is Behavior Modification?
Behavioral Assessment
Behavior Modification and Related Terms
Some Misconceptions About Behavior Modification
The Approach of This Book
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Areas of Application: An Overview
Parenting and Child Management
Education: From Preschool to University
Severe Problems: Developmental Disabilities, Childhood Autism, and Schizophrenia
Clinical Behavior Therapy
Self-Management of Personal Problems
Medical and Health Care
Gerontology
Community Behavioral Analysis
Business, Industry, and Government
Sport Psychology
Behavior Modification with Culturally Diverse Individuals
Conclusion
Study Questions
Notes and Extended Discussion
Basic Behavioral Principles and Procedures
Getting a Behavior to Occur More Often with Positive Reinforcement
Reinforcing Darren's Cooperative Behavior
Positive Reinforcement
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Positive Reinforcement
Pitfalls of Positive Reinforcement
Guidelines for the Effective Application of Positive Reinforcement
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Developing and Maintaining Behavior with Conditioned Reinforcement
Coach Dawson's Points Program
Unconditioned and Conditioned Reinforcers
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Conditioned Reinforcement
Pitfalls of Conditioned Reinforcement
Guidelines for the Effective Use of Conditioned Reinforcement
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Decreasing a Behavior with Extinction
Louise's Case
Extinction
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Extinction
Pitfalls of Extinction
Guidelines for the Effective Application of Extinction
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Developing Behavioral Persistence Through the Use of Intermittent Reinforcement
Improving Jan's Work Rate in Math Class
Some Definitions
Ratio Schedules
Simple Interval Schedules
Interval Schedules with Limited Hold
Duration Schedules
Overview of Eight Basic Schedules for Increasing and Maintaining Behavior
Concurrent Schedules of Reinforcement
Pitfalls of Intermittent Reinforcement
Guidelines for the Effective Use of Intermittent Reinforcement
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Types of Intermittent Reinforcement to Decrease Behavior
Decreasing Tommy's Talking Out
The Schedules in This Chapter
Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates
Differential Reinforcement of Zero Responding
Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Responding
Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior
Pitfalls of Schedules for Decreasing Behavior
Guidelines for the Effective Use of Intermittent Schedules to Decrease Behavior
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Note and Extended Discussion
Doing the Right Thing at the Right Time and Place: Stimulus Discrimination and Stimulus Generalization
Learning to Follow Teacher's Instructions
Stimulus Discrimination Learning and Stimulus Control
Types of Controlling Stimuli: S[superscript D]s and S[superscript Delta]s
Stimulus Generalization
Factors Determining the Effectiveness of Stimulus Discrimination Training
Pitfalls of Stimulus Discrimination Training
Guidelines for Effective Stimulus Discrimination Training
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Developing Appropriate Behavior with Fading
Teaching Peter His Name
Fading
Dimensions of Stimuli for Fading
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Fading
Pitfalls of Fading
Guidelines for the Effective Application of Fading
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Getting a New Behavior to Occur: An Application of Shaping
Improving Frank's Exercising
Shaping
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Shaping
Pitfalls of Shaping
Guidelines for the Effective Application of Shaping
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Getting a New Sequence of Behaviors to Occur with Behavioral Chaining
Teaching Steve to Follow a Consistent Preputt Routine
Behavioral Chaining
Methods for Teaching a Behavioral Chain
Chaining Compared with Fading and Shaping
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Behavioral Chaining
Pitfalls of Behavioral Chaining
Guidelines for the Effective Use of Behavioral Chaining
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Note and Extended Discussion
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment
Eliminating Ben's Aggressiveness
The Principle of Punishment
Types of Punishers
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Punishment
Should Punishment Be Used?
Behavior Modifiers and Punishment Programs
Pitfalls of Punishment
Guidelines for the Effective Application of Punishment
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Establishing a Desirable Behavior by Using Escape and Avoidance Conditioning
Curing Jason's Slouching
Escape Conditioning
Avoidance Conditioning
Pitfalls of Escape and Avoidance Conditioning
Guidelines for the Effective Application of Escape and Avoidance Conditioning
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Note and Extended Discussion
Procedures Based on Principles of Respondent Conditioning
Making Words Unpleasant
Operant Versus Respondent Behavior
Principle of Respondent Conditioning
Higher-Order Conditioning
Respondent Extinction
Counterconditioning
Common Respondently Conditioned Responses
Respondent and Operant Conditioning Compared
Applications of Respondent Conditioning
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Respondent and Operant Conditioning Together
Responding to Meet Deadlines
Operant-Respondent Interactions
Respondent and Operant Components of Emotions
Respondent and Operant Components of Thinking
Private Thoughts and Feelings: More Respondent-Operant Interactions
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Note and Extended Discussion
Transferring Behavior to New Settings and Making it Last: Generality of Behavior Change
Teaching Stan to Protect Himself
Generality
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Programming Generality of Operant Behavior
Programming Generality of Respondent Behavior
Pitfalls of Generality
Guidelines for Programming Generality of Operant Behavior
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Some Preliminary Considerations for Effective Programming Strategies
Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Rules and Goals
Rules
Goals
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Note and Extended Discussion
Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling, Guidance, and Situational Inducement
Modeling
Physical Guidance
Situational Inducement
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Note and Extended Discussion
Motivation and Behavior Modification
A Traditional View of Motivation
A Behavioral View of Motivation
Some Applications of Motivating Operations
Motivating Operations and Behavior Modification
Study Questions
Application Exercise
Notes and Extended Discussion
Dealing With Data
Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations
Minimal Phases of a Program
Sources of Information for Baseline Assessment
Data! Data! Data! Why Bother?
Behavioral Assessment Compared to Traditional Assessment
Study Questions
Note and Extended Discussion
Direct Behavioral Assessment: What to Record and How
Characteristics of Behavior to Be Recorded
Strategies for Recording Behavior
Assessing the Accuracy of Observations
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Functional Assessment of the Causes of Problem Behavior
Approaches to Functional Assessment
Major Causes of Problem Behaviors
Medical Causes of Problem Behaviors
Guidelines for Conducting a Functional Assessment
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Note and Extended Discussion
Doing Research in Behavior Modification
The Reversal-Replication (ABAB) Research Design
Multiple-Baseline Designs
The Changing-Criterion Design
Alternating-Treatments (or Multielement) Design
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Putting it All Together
Planning, Applying, and Evaluating a Treatment Program
A Problem Has Been Referred: Should You Design a Program?
Selecting and Implementing an Assessment Procedure
Strategies of Program Design and Implementation
Program Maintenance and Evaluation
Study Questions
Application Exercise
Notes and Extended Discussion
Token Economies
Initial Steps in Setting Up a Token Economy
Specific Implementation Procedures
Preparing a Manual
Programming Generality to the Natural Environment
Ethical Considerations
A Summary of Considerations in Designing a Token Economy
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Helping an Individual to Develop Self-Control
Causes of Self-Control Problems
A Model for Self-Control
Steps in a Self-Control Program
Circumventing the Therapist
Study Questions
Application Exercises
Notes and Extended Discussion
Cognitive Behavior Modification
Cognitive Restructuring Methods
Self-Directed Coping Methods
Mindfulness and Acceptance
A Behavioral Interpretation of Cognitive Behavioral Techniques
Concluding Comments
Study Questions
Application Exercise
Notes and Extended Discussion
Areas of Clinical Behavior Therapy
Specific Phobias
Other Anxiety Disorders
Depression
Alcohol Problems
Eating Disorders and Obesity
Couple Distress
Sexual Dysfunction
Habit Disorders
Study Questions
Notes and Extended Discussion
A Historical Perspective and Ethical Issues
Giving it All Some Perspective: A Brief History
The Operant-Conditioning Orientation: Applied Behavior Analysis
The Respondent-Conditioning (and Hullian and Wolpean) Orientation
Mixtures and Offshoots of the Two Major Orientations
Behavior Therapy, Behavior Modification, and Applied Behavior Analysis
The Future of Behavior Modification
Study Questions
Notes and Extended Discussion
Ethical Issues
A Behavioral View of Ethics
Arguments Against Deliberately Controlling Behavior
Ethical Guidelines
Conclusions
Study Questions
Notes and Extended Discussion
Glossary
References
Author Index
Subject Index

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