Introduction to Logic

ISBN-10: 0131898345
ISBN-13: 9780131898349
Edition: 12th 2004 (Revised)
List price: $126.00
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Book details

List price: $126.00
Edition: 12th
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 8/12/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 704
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.794
Language: English

Carl Cohen is professor of philosophy at University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Foreword
Preface to the Eleventh Edition
Acknowledgments
Walk-through of eLogic Online Tutorial
Logic and Language
Basic Logical Concepts
What Logic Is
Propositions and Sentences
Arguments, Premisses, and Conclusions
Analyzing Arguments
Recognizing Arguments
Arguments and Explanations
Deduction and Validity
Induction and Probability
Validity and Truth
Complex Argumentative Passages
Reasoning
Challenge to the Reader
Summary of Chapter 1
The Uses of Language
Three Basic Functions of Language
Discourse Serving Multiple Functions
The Forms of Discourse
Emotive Words
Kinds of Agreement and Disagreement
Emotively Neutral Language
Summary of Chapter 2
Definition
Disputes, Verbal Disputes, and Definitions
Kinds of Definition and the Resolution of Disputes
Extension and Intension
Extensional Definitions
Intensional Definitions
Rules for Definition by Genus and Difference
Summary of Chapter 3
Fallacies
What Is a Fallacy?
Fallacies of Relevance
Fallacies of Presumption
Fallacies of Ambiguity
Summary of Chapter 4
Deduction
Categorical Propositions
The Theory of Deduction
Categorical Propositions and Classes
Quality, Quantity, and Distribution
The Traditional Square of Opposition
Further Immediate Inferences
Existential Import and the Interpretation of Categorical Propositions
Symbolism and Diagrams for Categorical Propositions
Summary of Chapter 5
Categorical Syllogisms
Standard-Form Categorical Syllogisms
The Formal Nature of Syllogistic Argument
Venn Diagram Technique for Testing Syllogisms
Syllogistic Rules and Syllogistic Fallacies
Exposition of the 15 Valid Forms of the Categorical Syllogism
Deduction of the 15 Valid Forms of the Categorical Syllogism
Summary of Chapter 6
Arguments in Ordinary Language
Syllogistic Arguments in Ordinary Language
Reducing the Number of Terms in a Syllogistic Argument
Translating Categorical Propositions into Standard Form
Uniform Translation
Enthymemes
Sorites
Disjunctive and Hypothetical Syllogisms
The Dilemma
Summary of Chapter 7
Symbolic Logic
The Symbolic Language of Modern Logic
The Symbols for Conjunction, Negation, and Disjunction
Conditional Statements and Material Implication
Argument Forms and Arguments
Statement Forms and Material Equivalence
Logical Equivalence
The Paradoxes of Material Implication
The Three "Laws of Thought"
Summary of Chapter 8
The Method of Deduction
Formal Proof of Validity
The Rule of Replacement
Proof of Invalidity
Inconsistency
Summary of Chapter 9
Quantification Theory
Singular Propositions
Quantification
Traditional Subject-Predicate Propositions
Proving Validity
Proving Invalidity
Asyllogistic Inference
Summary of Chapter 10
Induction
Analogy and Probable Inference
Argument by Analogy
Appraising Analogical Arguments
Refutation by Logical Analogy
Summary of Chapter 11
Causal Connections: Mill's Methods of Experimental Inquiry
Cause and Effect
Mill's Methods
Critique of Mill's Methods
Summary of Chapter 12
Science and Hypothesis
The Values of Science
Explanations: Scientific and Unscientific
Evaluating Scientific Explanations
Seven Stages of Scientific Investigation
Scientists in Action: The Pattern of Scientific Investigation
Crucial Experiments and Ad Hoc Hypotheses
Classification as Hypothesis
Summary of Chapter 13
Probability
Alternative Conceptions of Probability
The Probability Calculus
Probability of Joint Occurrences
Probability of Alternative Occurrences
Challenge to the Reader
Expected Value
Challenge to the Reader
Summary of Chapter 14
Solutions to Selected Exercises
Special Symbols
Glossary/Index

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