Race and Human Diversity A Biocultural Approach

ISBN-10: 0131838768

ISBN-13: 9780131838765

Edition: 2010 (Revised)

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Book details

List price: $35.99
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 6/1/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 216
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.75" long x 0.25" tall
Weight: 2.046
Language: English

Robert Anemone is currently a full professor in the Department of Anthroplogy at Western Michigan University

Epigraph and Dedication
Preface
Race and Biological Diversity in Humans
On the (non-) existence of human races
Defining race
The nature of biological variation in Homo sapiens
The arbitrariness of the race concept
An alternative approach to the study of human diversity
A note on terminology: using the "R" word
Discussion Questions
Works Cited
Charles Darwin and Evolutionary Theory
Darwin and the Galapagos
Scientific precursors to Darwin
The elements of the theory of natural selection
The making of The Origin
Box One: Charles Darwin on slavery
Box Two: Intelligent Design: a modern Argument from Design?
Box Three: Darwin's finches: a case study in evolution
Discussion Questions
Works Cited
Genetics from Mendel to the Human Genome Project
Gregor Mendel and the birth of genetics
Genes, chromosomes and cell division
The Watson-Crick model of DNA
The modern synthesis and the four forces of evolution
The human genome project
Box One: Rosalind Franklin and the discovery of the structure of DNA
Box Two: A closer look at James D. Watson
Box Three: Hemophilia: the royal disease
Discussion Questions
Works Cited
The History of the Race Concept
Introduction
The recent origins of race
Race and racial classifications
Race, inequality, and ethnocentrism
Nineteenth century views
Twentieth century anthropological views
The present and future of the race concept in anthropology
Box One: Linnaeus's 1758 classification of human races
Box Two: the UNESCO statements on race
Box Three: BiDil and the birth of racial medicine
Discussion Questions
Works Cited
Human Adaptation: Thermoregulation and skin color
Introduction to human adaptation
A classification of adaptations
Principles of thermoregulation
Adaptation to cold environments
Adaptation to hot environments
Thermoregulation and body size and shape
Skin color and solar radiation
Then structure of skin
Biological effects of solar radiation
The evolution of skin color
Box One: How much heat is lost through evaporation of sweat?
Box Two: Albinos and Albinism
Discussion Questions
Worked Cited
Human Adaptation: Life at High Altitude
High altitude as a human stressor
Air pressure, oxygen availability, and altitude
Anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems
Acclimatization and the effects of hypoxia
Adaptive responses to hypoxia
Adaptation to high altitude in South America
Diverse adaptations to life at high altitude
Box One: Athletic competition and training at high altitude
BoxTwo: Coca and high altitude life in South America
Discussion Questions
Works Cited
A Biocultural Examination of Nutrition, Health and Growth
Introduction
The prehistory of human diet and the Agricultural Revolution
Nutrition and malnutrition among modern populations
Malnutrition and human growth and development
Racial disparities in morbidity and mortality
Low birthweight and premature babies
Hypertension and the "slavery hypothesis"
Sickle cell anemia and malaria
Box One: Lactose Intolerance: An example of biocultural evolution
Box Two: the Agricultural Revolution
Discussion Questions
Works Cited
Race, Intelligence, and Genetics
Race and intelligence
Linnaeus and racial stereotypes
The science of measuring intelligence
Measuring the IQ of immigrants and soldiers
Arthur Jensen and the hereditarian view restated
Return to the future:The Bell Curve
An evolutionary theory of race?
Box One: Race and Sports: A Taboo Subject?
Discussion Questions
Works Cited
Race as a Cultural Construction
The central paradox of race
Race in American history
The Civil Rights Era (1954-1965)
Race, ethnicity, and American citizenship
Becoming American
A nation of immigrants
Affirmative action and the dream of a color-blind society
Race is a cultural construction
Postscript
Discussion Questions
Works Cited
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