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Surveying with Construction Applications

ISBN-10: 0131709321
ISBN-13: 9780131709324
Edition: 6th 2007 (Revised)
List price: $121.20
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Description: Known for its state-of-the-art coverage, "Surveying with Construction Applications, Sixth Edition" covers the principles of surveying, the latest advances in instrumentation technology, field data capture, and data-processing techniques and the  More...

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Book details

List price: $121.20
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Pearson Education
Publication date: 2/6/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 704
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.410
Language: English

Known for its state-of-the-art coverage, "Surveying with Construction Applications, Sixth Edition" covers the principles of surveying, the latest advances in instrumentation technology, field data capture, and data-processing techniques and the applications of surveying to the construction and engineering fields. Filled with problems, illustrations and field projects, the text skillfully blends theory and practice and balances coverage of traditional and contemporary surveying techniques. This new edition uses both English and metric units, contains a new chapter on modern construction surveying practices, and includes the most recent advances in electronic surveying measurement, global positioning systems, and geomatics.State-of-the-art coverage of surveying principles, instrumentation and techniques provides readers with the latest advances in instrumentation technology, field data capture, and data-processing techniquesto make them more effective in the field. Comprehensive coverage of modern construction surveying practices, highway curves, highway construction surveys, municipal street construction surveys AND MORE!All state Departments of Transportation (DOTs) in the U.S. and the provincial Transportation/Highways Departments in Canada conduct extensive training sessions for their large staffs. This text covers topics that are taught in these training sessions, in addition to all of the introductory topics needed for survey training.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Surveying Principles
Surveying Fundamentals
Surveying Defined
Surveying: General Background
Control Surveys
Preliminary Surveys
Surveying Instruments
Construction Surveys
Distance Measurement
Angle Measurement
Position Measurement
Units of Measurement
Stationing
Types of Construction Projects
Random and Systematic Errors
Accuracy and Precision
Mistakes
Field Notes
Review Questions
Distance Measurement
Methods of Linear Measurement
Gunter's Chain
Tapes
Steel Tapes
Taping Accessories and Their Use
Taping Techniques
Taping Corrections
Systematic Taping Errors and Corrections
Random Taping Errors
Techniques for "Ordinary" Taping Precision
Mistakes in Taping
Field Notes for Taping
Electronic Distance Measurement (EDM)
Electronic Angle Measurement
Principles of Electronic Distance Measurement (EDM)
EDM Characteristics
Prisms
EDM Instrument Accuracies
EDM Operation
Geometry of Electronic Distance Measurements
EDM Without Reflecting Prisms
Problems
Leveling
General Background
Theory of Differential Leveling
Curvature and Refraction
Types of Surveying Levels
Leveling Rods
Definitions for Differential Leveling
Techniques of Leveling
Benchmark Leveling (Vertical Control Surveys)
Profile and Cross-Section Leveling
Reciprocal Leveling
Peg Test
Three-Wire Leveling
Trigonometric Leveling
Level Loop Adjustments
Suggestions for Rod Work
Suggestions for Instrument Work
Mistakes in Leveling
Problems
Angles and Theodolites
General Background
Reference Directions for Vertical Angles
Meridians
Horizontal Angles
Theodolites
Electronic Theodolites
Theodolite/Total Station Setup
Repeating Optical Theodolites
Angle Measurement with an Optical Theodolite
Direction Optical Theodolites
Angles Measured with a Direction Theodolite
Geometry of the Theodolite and Total Station
Adjustment of the Theodolite and Total Station
Laying Off Angles
Prolonging a Straight Line (Double Centering)
Bucking-In (Interlining)
Intersection of Two Straight Lines
Prolonging a Measured Line by Triangulation over an Obstacle
Prolonging a Line Past an Obstacle
Review Questions
Total Stations
General Background
Total Station Capabilities
Total Station Field Techniques
Field Procedures for Total Stations in Topographic Surveys
Field-Generated Graphics
Construction Layout Using Total Stations
Motorized Total Stations
Summary of Modern Total Station Characteristics and Capabilities
Instruments Combining Total Station Capabilities and GPS Receiver Capabilities
Portable/Handheld Total Stations
Review Questions
Traverse Surveys and Computations
General Background
Balancing Field Angles
Meridians
Bearings
Azimuths
Latitudes and Departures
Traverse Precision and Accuracy
Compass Rule Adjustment
Effects of Traverse Adjustments on Measured Angles and Distances
Omitted Measurement Computations
Rectangular Coordinates of Traverse Stations
Area of a Closed Traverse by the Coordinate Method
Problems
An Introduction to Geomatics
Geomatics Defined
Branches of Geomatics
Data-Collection Branch
Design and Plotting
Contours
Aerial Photography
Airborne and Satellite Imagery
Remote-Sensing Satellites
Geographic Information System (GIS)
Database Management
Metadata
Spatial Entities or Features
Typical Data Representation
Spatial Data Models
GIS Data Structures
Topology
Remote Sensing Internet Web Sites and Further Reading
Review Questions
Problems
Satellite Positioning
General Background
Global Positioning System
Receivers
Satellite Constellations
GPS Satellite Signals
Position Measurements
Errors
Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS)
Canadian Active Control System
Survey Planning
GPS Field Procedures
GPS Applications
Vertical Positioning
Conclusion
GPS Glossary
Recommended Readings
Review Questions
Horizontal Control Surveys
General Background
Plane Coordinate Grids
Lambert Projection
Transverse Mercator Grid System
Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) Grid System
Use of Grid Coordinates
Illustrative Examples
Horizontal Control Techniques
Project Control
Review Questions
Problems
Construction Applications: General Background
Modern Construction Surveying Practices
General Background
Grade
Machine Guidance and Control
Three-Dimensional Data Files
Summary of the 3D Design Process
Web Site References for Data Collection, DTM, and Civil Design
Review Questions
Highway Curves
Route Surveys
Circular Curves: General Background
Circular Curve Geometry
Circular Curve Deflections
Chord Calculations
Metric Considerations
Field Procedure
Moving up on the Curve
Offset Curves
Compound Circular Curves
Reverse Curves
Vertical Curves: General Background
Geometric Properties of the Parabola
Computation of the High or the Low Point on a Vertical Curve
Computing a Vertical Curve
Design Considerations
Spiral Curves: General Background
Spiral Curve Computations
Spiral Layout Procedure Summary
Approximate Solution for Spiral Problems
Superelevation: General Background
Superelevation Design
Review Questions
Problems
Highway Construction Surveys
Preliminary (Preengineering) Surveys
Highway Design
Highway Construction Layout
Clearing, Grubbing, and Stripping Topsoil
Placement of Slope Stakes
Layout for Line and Grade
Grade Transfer
Ditch Construction
Review Questions
Municipal Street Construction Surveys
General Background
Classification of Roads and Streets
Road Allowances
Road Cross Sections
Plan and Profile
Establishing Centerline ([characters not reproducible])
Establishing Offset Lines and Construction Control
Construction Grades for a Curbed Street
Street Intersections
Sidewalk Construction
Site Grading
Problems
Pipeline and Tunnel Construction Surveys
Pipeline Construction
Sewer Construction
Layout for Line and Grade
Catch-Basin Construction Layout
Tunnel Construction
Problems
Culvert and Bridge Construction Surveys
Culvert Construction
Culvert Reconstruction
Bridge Construction: General Background
Contract Drawings
Layout Computations
Offset Distance Computations
Dimension Verification
Vertical Control
Cross Sections for Footing Excavations
Review Questions
Building Construction Surveys
Building Construction: General Background
Single-Story Construction
Multistory Construction
Review Questions
Quantity and Final Surveys
Construction Quantity Measurements: General Background
Area Computations
Area by Graphical Analysis
Construction Volumes
Cross Sections, End Areas, and Volumes
Prismoidal Formula
Volume Computations by Geometric Formulas
Final (As-Built) Surveys
Problems
Trigonometry and Coordinate Geometry Review
Trigonometric Definitions and Identities
Coordinate Geometry
Surveying and Mapping Web Sites
Glossary
Typical Field Projects
Field Notes
Project 1: Building Measurements
Project 2: Experiment to Determine Normal Tension
Project 3: Field Traverse Measurements with a Steel Tape
Project 4: Differential Leveling
Project 5: Traverse Angle Measurements and Closure Computations
Project 6: Topographic Survey
Project 7: Building Layout
Project 8: Horizontal Curve
Project 9: Pipeline Layout
Answers to Selected Problems
Steel Tape Corrections
Erroneous Tape-Length Corrections
Temperature Corrections
Tension and Sag Corrections
Problems
Early Surveying
Evolution of Surveying
Dumpy Level
The Engineer's Vernier Transit
Stadia
Problems
Illustrations of Machine Control and of Various Data-Capture Techniques
Index

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