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Preface | |

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Essential Numeracy | |

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Measurement and Units | |

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Mercury and the Inuit of Greenland | |

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Measuring | |

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Accuracy and Precision of Measurement | |

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Estimation and Approximation | |

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Units of Measurement | |

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Unit Conversion | |

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Compound Units | |

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Units in Equations and Formulas | |

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Unit Prefixes | |

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Scientific Notation and Order of Magnitude | |

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Using Technology: Scientific Notation | |

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Powers of 10 and Logarithms | |

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Logarithmic Scales | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Global Warming | |

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Chapter Project: Melting of the Ice Caps | |

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Ratios and Percentages | |

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Ratios | |

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Normalization | |

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Percentage as a Type of Ratio | |

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Parts per Thousand | |

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Parts per Million and Parts per Billion | |

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Percentage as a Measure of Change | |

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Percentage Difference and Percentage Error | |

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Proportions | |

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Probability | |

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Recurrence Intervals | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Sinkholes and Lakes | |

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Chapter Project: Measuring Habitat of Florida Lakes | |

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Charts and Graphs | |

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Pie Charts | |

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Bar Charts | |

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Frequency Histograms | |

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Using Technology: Histograms | |

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Relative Frequency Histograms | |

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Scatterplots | |

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Using Technology: Scatterplots | |

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Line Graphs | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Energy Demand and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge | |

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Chapter Project: U.S. Energy Flows | |

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Function Modeling | |

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Linear Functions and Regression | |

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Modeling with Linear Functions | |

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Units of Measure in Linear Equations | |

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Dependent versus Independent Variables | |

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Graphing Linear Functions | |

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Using Technology: Graphs and Tables | |

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Approximating Almost-Linear Data Sets | |

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Straightedge Method | |

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Least Squares Regression | |

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Using Technology: Linear Regression | |

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The Correlation Coefficient: r | |

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Using Technology: The Correlation Coefficient | |

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Correlation Fallacies | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Population Growth | |

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Chapter Project: Fertility Rates in Developing Countries | |

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Exponential Functions and Regression | |

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Exponential Rates and Multipliers | |

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The General Exponential Model | |

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Finding Exponential Functions-The More General Case | |

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Solving Exponential Equations | |

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Doubling Times and Half-Lives | |

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Approximating Almost-Exponential Data Sets | |

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Straightedge Method | |

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Least Squares Regression | |

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Using Technology: Exponential Regression | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Chicken Nation | |

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Chapter Project: Broiler Chicken Production | |

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Power Functions | |

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Basic Power Functions | |

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Solving Power Equations | |

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Approximating Power-Like Data | |

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Straightedge Method | |

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Least Squares Regression | |

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Using Technology: Power Regression | |

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Power Law Frequency Distributions | |

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Power Law Distributions and Fractals | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Earthquakes and Fractals | |

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Chapter Project: A New Model for Earthquakes | |

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Difference Equation Modeling | |

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Introduction to Difference Equations | |

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Sequences and Notation | |

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Modeling with Difference Equations | |

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Linear Difference Equations | |

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Exponential Difference Equations | |

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Why Use Difference Equations? | |

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Affine Difference Equations | |

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Using Technology: Difference Equations | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: The Politics of Immigration | |

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Chapter Project: Human Population and Migration | |

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Affine Solution Equations and Equilibrium Values | |

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The Solution Equation to the Affine Model | |

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Equilibrium Values | |

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Classification of Equilibrium Values | |

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Revisiting the Affine Solution Equation | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Get The Lead Out | |

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Chapter Project: Lead in the Body | |

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Logistic Growth, Harvesting and Chaos | |

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Modeling Logistic Growth with Difference Equations | |

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Logistic Equilibrium Values | |

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Harvest Models | |

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Periodic Behavior | |

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Chaotic Behavior | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Harvesting and Sustainable Forestry | |

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Chapter Project: Tropical Forests Forever? | |

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Systems of Difference Equations | |

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Systems Modeling | |

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Using Technology: Systems of Difference Equations | |

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Exponential Change and Stable Age Distributions | |

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What Else Besides Populations? | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: A River Runs Through Europe | |

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Chapter Project: Pollution in a Chain of Lakes | |

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Elementary Statistics | |

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Fundamentals of Statistics | |

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Measures of Center and Other Descriptive Statistics | |

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Weighted Means | |

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Quartiles and the 5-Number Summary | |

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Boxplots | |

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Using Technology: Finding Descriptive Statistics | |

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Shape of a Data Set | |

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Using Technology: Histograms | |

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A Skew Formula | |

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Comparing the Mean and Median | |

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Sampling | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Energy Makeover | |

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Chapter Project: Electric Bills and Super Bulbs | |

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Standard Deviation | |

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Standard Deviation | |

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Calculating Position Using Z-Scores | |

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Outliers | |

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Chebychev's Rule | |

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Normal Distributions | |

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The Empirical Rule | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Impermeable Surfaces and Urban Runoff | |

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Chapter Project: Urban Runoff Scorecard | |

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Normal Distributions | |

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The Standard Normal Distribution | |

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Transformations to Normal | |

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Confidence Intervals | |

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For Means | |

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For Proportions | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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End-of-Chapter Exercises | |

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Science in Depth: Hazardous Household Waste | |

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Chapter Project: Taxes on Toxics | |

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Appendix: Unit Conversions | |

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Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises | |

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Index | |