Water-Resources Engineering

ISBN-10: 0131481924
ISBN-13: 9780131481923
Edition: 2nd 2007 (Revised)
Authors: David A. Chin
List price: $195.00
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Description: This in-depth review of water-resources engineering essentials focuses on both fundamentals and design applications. Emphasis on fundamentals encourages readersrsquo; understanding of basic equations in water-resources engineering and the  More...

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Book details

List price: $195.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 4/3/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 976
Size: 8.50" wide x 10.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 4.180
Language: English

This in-depth review of water-resources engineering essentials focuses on both fundamentals and design applications. Emphasis on fundamentals encourages readersrsquo; understanding of basic equations in water-resources engineering and the background that is necessary to develop innovative solutions to complex problems. Comprehensive design applications illustrate the practical application of the basic equations of water-resources engineering. Full coverage of hydraulics, hydrology, and water-resources planning and management is provided. Hydraulics is separated into closed-conduit flow and open-channel flow, and hydrology is separated into surface-water hydrology and ground-water hydrology. For professionals looking for a reference book on water-resources engineering.

Preface
Introduction
Water-Resources Engineering
The Hydrologic Cycle
Design of Water-Resource Systems
Water-Control Systems
Water-Use Systems
About this Book
Problems
Flow in Closed Conduits
Introduction
Single Pipelines
Steady-State Continuity Equation
Steady-State Momentum Equation
Steady-State Energy Equation
Pipe Networks
Nodal Method
Loop Method
Practical Considerations
Pumps
Affinity Laws
Pump Selection
Multiple-Pump Systems
Design of Water-Distribution Systems
Water Demand
Pipelines
Pumps
Valves
Meters
Fire Hydrants
Water-Storage Reservoirs
Performance Criteria for Water-Distribution Systems
Water Quality
Network Analysis
Computer Models
Summary
Problems
Flow in Open Channels
Introduction
Basic Principles
Steady-State Continuity Equation
Steady-State Momentum Equation
Darcy-Weisbach equation
Manning equation
Velocity distribution in open channels
Steady-State Energy Equation
Energy grade line
Specific energy
Water-Surface Profiles
Profile Equation
Classification of Water-Surface Profiles
Hydraulic Jump
Computation of Water-Surface Profiles
Direct-integration method
Direct-step method
Standard-step method
Hydraulic Structures
Weirs
Sharp-crested weirs
Broad-crested weirs
Parshall Flumes
Spillways
Stilling Basins
Gates
Culverts
Design of Open Channels
Basic Principles
Unlined Channels
Lined Channels
Rigid-boundary channels
Flexible-boundary channels
Levees
Design of Sanitary Sewers
Design Flow
Service flow
Inflow and infiltration (I/I)
Combined flow
Hydraulics of Sewers
Sewer-Pipe Material
System Layout
Hydrogen Sulfide Generation
Design Computations
Force Mains
Computer Models
Summary
Problems
Probability and Statistics in Water-Resources Engineering
Introduction
Probability Distributions
Discrete Probability Distributions
Continuous Probability Distributions
Mathematical Expectation and Moments
Return Period
Common Probability Functions
Analysis of Hydrologic Data
Estimation of Population Distribution
Probability distribution of observed data
Hypothesis tests
Estimation of Population Parameters
Method of moments
Maximum likelihood method
Method of L-moments
Frequency Analysis
Summary
Problems
Surface-Water Hydrology
Introduction
Rainfall
Local Rainfall
Spatially Averaged Rainfall
Design Rainfall
Return period
Rainfall duration
Rainfall depth
Temporal distribution
Spatial distribution
Extreme Rainfall
Probable maximum precipitation
Probable maximum storm
Standard project storm
Rainfall Abstractions
Interception
Depression Storage
Infiltration
The infiltration process
Horton model
Green-Ampt model
NRCS curve-number model
Comparison of infiltration models
Rainfall Excess on Composite Areas
Runoff Models
Time of Concentration
Overland flow
Channel flow
Accuracy of estimates
Peak-Runoff Models
The rational method
NRCS-TR55 method
USGS regional regression equations
Continuous-Runoff Models
Unit-hydrograph theory
Unit-hydrograph models
Time-area models
Kinematic-wave model
Nonlinear-reservoir model
Santa Barbara Urban Hydrograph model
Extreme runoff events
Routing Models
Hydrologic Routing
Modified Puls method
Muskingum method
Hydraulic Routing
Water-Quality Models
Event-Mean Concentrations
USGS Model
EPA Model
Design of Stormwater-Management Systems
Minor System
Storm sewers
Street gutters and inlets
Roadside and median channels
Runoff Controls
Stormwater impoundments
Flood control
Water-quality control
Best-management practices
Major System
Evapotranspiration
ASCE Penman-Monteith Method
Potential Evapotranspiration
Reference Evapotranspiration
FAO56-Penman-Monteith method
ASCE Penman-Monteith method
Evaporation pans
Empirical methods
Actual Evapotranspiration
Index-of-dryness method
Crop-coefficient method
Selection of ET Estimation Method
Computer Models
Summary
Problems
Ground-Water Hydrology
Introduction
Basic Equations of Ground-Water Flow
Darcy's Law
General Flow Equation
Two-Dimensional Approximations
Unconfined aquifers
Confined aquifers
Solutions of the Ground-Water Flow Equation
Steady Unconfined Flow Between Two Reservoirs
Steady Flow to a Well in a Confined Aquifer
Steady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer
Steady Flow to a Well in a Leaky Confined Aquifer
Steady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer with Recharge
Unsteady Flow to a Well in a Confined Aquifer
Unsteady Flow to a Well in an Unconfined Aquifer
Unsteady Flow to a Well in a Leaky Confined Aquifer
Partially Penetrating Wells
Principle of Superposition
Multiple Wells
Well in Uniform Flow
Method of Images
Constant-Head Boundary
Impermeable Boundary
Other Applications
Saltwater Intrusion
Ground-Water Flow in the Unsaturated Zone
Engineered Systems
Design of Wellfields
Design and Construction of Water-Supply Wells
Performance Assessment of Water-Supply Wells
Well Drilling
Wellhead Protection
Design of Aquifer Pumping Tests
Design of pumping well
Design of observation wells
Field procedures
Slug Test
Design of Exfiltration Trenches
Seepage Meters
Computer Models
Summary
Problems
Water-Resources Planning and Management
Introduction
Planning Process
Legal and Regulatory Issues
Water Rights
Surface-water rights
Ground-water rights
Federal water rights
U.S. Federal Laws Relating to Water Resources
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
Clean Water Act (CWA)
Rivers and Harbors Act
Federal Power Act
National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)
Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act
Migratory Waterfowl Act
National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
Federal Water Project Recreation Act
Endangered Species Act
Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
Documentation of Environmental Impacts
Permit Requirements
Economic Feasibility
Benefit-Cost Analysis
Compund-Interest Factors
Single-payment factors
Uniform-series factors
Arithmetic-gradient factors
Geometric-gradient factors
Evaluating Alternatives
Water-Supply Projects
Public-Supply Use
Conservation
Supply Sources
Surface-water sources
Ground-water sources
Source-water protection
Reclaimed water
Desalination
Floodplain Management
Modification of the Susceptibility to Flood Damage
Modification of Flooding
Modification of the Impact of Flooding
Drought Management
Irrigation
Dams and Reservoirs
Types of Dams
Reservoir Storage
Planning Guidelines
Hydropower
Navigation
Summary
Problems
Units and Conversion Factors
Units
Conversion Factors
Fluid Properties
Water
Organic Compounds Found in Water
Air at Standard Atmospheric Pressure
Statistical Tables
Areas Under Standard Normal Curve
Frequency Factors for Pearson Type III Distribution
Critical Values of the Chi-Square Distribution
Critical Values for the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test Statistic
Special Functions
Error Function
Bessel Functions
Definition
Evaluation of Bessel Functions
Bessel function of the first kind of order n
Bessel function of the second kind of order n
Modified Bessel function of the first kind of order n
Modified Bessel function of the second kind of order n
Tabulated values of useful Bessel functions
Gamma Function
Pipe Specifications
PVC Pipe
Ductile Iron Pipe
Concrete Pipe
Physical Properties of Common Pipe Materials
Bibliography
Index

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