Ecology of a Changing Planet

ISBN-10: 0130662577
ISBN-13: 9780130662576
Edition: 3rd 2003
Authors: Mark B. Bush
List price: $128.00
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Description: For Ecology courses with a strong environmental emphasis or Environmental Science courses that focus on ecological principles. This is the first introductory text to outline the fundamental ecological principles that provide the foundation for  More...

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Book details

List price: $128.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 3/11/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 528
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.596
Language: English

For Ecology courses with a strong environmental emphasis or Environmental Science courses that focus on ecological principles. This is the first introductory text to outline the fundamental ecological principles that provide the foundation for understanding environmental issues. A strong framework of applied ecology is used to explore specifics such as habitat fragmentation, acid deposition, and the emergence of new human diseases. This text clearly links ecology, evolution, conservation biology, and environmental change.

Preface
About the Author
Diversity
Ecology, Environmentalism, and the First Polluters
Developing and Testing Hypotheses
Science and Society
Ecology Is Not Environmentalism
A Brief History of Earth: The First Billion Years
Trying to Create Life in a Test Tube
Oceans and Life
The Evolution of Photosynthesis
Oxygen Producers Pollute the Planet
Evolution and Natural Selection: The Heart of Ecology
Change, Evolution, and Chance
The Theory of Natural Selection
Fitness and Genetic Immortality
Drifting Continents and Evolution
Biodiversity and the Bush of Life
What Causes Speciation?
Why Does a Species Go Extinct?
The Ecological Efficiency of Living Things
Photosynthesis: Converting Sunlight to Carbohydrate
The Fate of Carbohydrate
The Ecological Efficiency of Plants
The Ecological Efficiency of Animals
Energy Flow Through a Food Chain
The Costs of Control: Endothermy and Ectothermy
Climate
The Solar Connection
Priming the Climate Engine
Frontal Systems
Oceanic Influences
Cycles of Climate Change
Biomes: The Great Vegetation Types
Tundra
Boreal Forest
Temperate Forest
Prairies and Grasslands
Chaparral
Desert
Tropical Forests
Tropical Mountains
Oceans
Estuaries
Ecosystems, Nutrient Cycles, and Soil
How Large Is an Ecosystem?
Getting to the Root of Productivity
Soil: Our Ultimate Resource
Soil Maps
Soil Erosion
The Importance of Fire
Ecosystem Functions and Values
Aquatic Ecosystems
Marine Systems
Groundwater
Surface Freshwater
What Happened to the Lakes Where Dinosaurs Wallowed?
The Variability of Natural Lakes and Rivers
Seasonal Changes in a Lake
Why Wetlands Aren't Worthless
What Is a Wetland?
Water and Wetland Chemistry
Wetlands as Hydrologic Regulators
Adaptations to Living in a Swamp
Wetlands and Wildlife
Indicators of Ecosystem Quality
Altering Wetland Functions and Values
The Restoration of the Florida Everglades
Wetlands and the Law
Creating Wetlands
Ecology in Action: Wetland Delineation
Population and Community Ecology
Populations and Resources: A Balancing Act
Assessing Trends in Populations
The Drive to Compete
Populations and Natural Processes
Ecological Niche; or, How to be Your Favorite Organism
Who Needs Sex Anyway?
Ways to Produce Clones
The Ecological Costs of Sex
Many Babies or Big Bodies: An Energetic Trade-Off
Selection for an Optimal Number of Young
Territoriality
Polygyny and Female Choice
Making Connections: Fisheries
Fishing Isn't What it Used to Be
Fish, Fisheries, and Productivity
A Simple Model of Fisheries
Further Ecological Thoughts on Fisheries
Prey Switching and Fishing
Local Solutions to Fishery Problems
Are Fish Farms the Answer?
National and International Protection
Predators, Parasites, and More
The Evolutionary Success of Cowards
Pyramids of Power
Optimal Foraging Theory
Do Hunters Control Prey Populations?
Predators and Prey Behavior
Predators Can Increase Species Diversity
The Defensive Weapons of Plants
Other Species Interactions
Mimicry
Predation and Management
Communities Through Time: Changing Populations and Landscapes
The Coming and Going of Ice Ages
Are Communities Stable Through Time?
The Pollen History of Northeastern North American Forests
Plant Migrations in the Southwestern United States
A Mammal Community of the Past
Instability in the Tropics
So, Are Communities Stable Through Time?
Another Note on Extinction: The Blitzkrieg Hypothesis
Continuing Changes in Our Forests
Ecological Succession: Rebuilding Ecosystems
Clements and the Superorganism
Ashes to Forest
Succession and Ecosystem Functions
From Field to Forest
Succession and Coral Reefs
Disturbance That Maintains Diversity
Succession and Habitat Management
The Old-Growth Controversy
Equilibrium or Nonequilibrium in Our Modern Ecosystems
The How and Why of Tropical Biodiversity
Where Are the Tropics?
How Many Species Live in the Tropics?
Why Are There So Many Species in the Tropics?
The Diversity of Tropical Habitats
Structure and Niche Diversity in a Tropical Rain Forest
Niche Richness and Diversity
Are Extinction Rates Lower in the Tropics?
Pest Pressure
Speciation Mechanisms in the Tropics
Peopling Earth
Humans: A Late Arrival
From Hunter-Gatherer to Urban Dweller
Agriculture: The Springboard of Population Growth
An Exponentially Growing Population
Population Demographics
The Emergence of the MDCs
The Demographic Transition
Limiting the Expansion of the Human Population
Reforming the Role of Women
Human Population Growth and Consumerism
Ecological Impacts of Changing Land Use
Feeding the World
Human Nutritional Requirements
Agriculture versus Population Growth: A Deadly Race
Exporting the Green Revolution
Social Problems and the Second Green Revolution
Desertification
Sustainable Agriculture
Pollution: The Other Face of Fertilizers and Pesticides
What Is Pollution?
Pollution That Increases Growth
Biological Effects of Pollutants
Why Do We Pollute?
Pesticides: Pollutants That We Need
Pesticide Alternatives
Integrated Pest Management
Ecology in Action: Biological Control of Rabbits
Aspects of Tropical Development
Remote Sensing and Tropical Forests
Misleading Estimates of Forest Destruction
What Are the Factors Driving Deforestation?
Promoting the Conservation of Tropical Rain Forests
Sustainable Agriculture in the Forests
Before We Blame It All on LDCs
Overview
Ecology in Action: Can Extractive Industries Save the Rain Forest?
Habitat Fragmentation and Extinction
The Relationship Between Habitat Area and Species Diversity
Lessons from Islands
Edge Effects and Habitat Fragmentation
Songbirds and Forest Fragmentation
Metapopulations: Another Way to Think About Fragmented Populations
The Threat Posed by Exotic Species
Extinction or Crying Wolf?
Ecology in Action: Studying the Effects of Fragmenting a Rain Forest
Working to Save Biodiversity
What Is So Good About Biodiversity?
Why Have Nature Reserves?
The Population Needed for Survival
The Area Needed for Survival
The Management of Reserves
Restoration Ecology: The Next Thrust of Conservation
Crawling from the Brink of Extinction
Ecology in Action: Rebuilding a Prairie
Atmosphere, Air Pollution, and Ozone
The Composition of the Atmosphere
Layers in the Atmosphere
Air Pollution
Our Love-Hate Relationship with Ozone
Tropospheric Ozone: The Hate Relationship
Stratospheric Ozone: The Love Relationship
Protecting the Ozone Layer
Climate Change and Global Warming
The Greenhouse Effect
Carbon Dioxide Concentration Through Time
Climatic Triggers
Human Actions and Climate Change
Computer Simulations of a Warmer World
The Potential Effects of a 2.5[degree]C Warming
Carbon Sequestration: A New Way to Think About a Tree
Global Warming: A Risk to Be Ignored?
Ecology in Action: Ecologists Monitor Boreal Fires and Climate Change
How Does Acid Deposition Affect Ecosystems?
Acidity: Definition and Sources
The Effect of Acid Deposition on Terrestrial Systems
The Effect of Acid Deposition on Aquatic Systems
Acid Transport and Buffered Systems
Solutions to the Acid Deposition Problem
Ecology and Society
The Use and Supply of Energy
Power Plants Do Not Make Energy
A Brief History of Energy Use in the United States
Nuclear Power: Fallacy of a Dream Foretold
Our Future Stocks of Energy
Energy and Pollution
"Alternative" Energy Sources
Meeting Future Energy Demand
Energy Conservation and Efficiency
Energy and Development
Disease
Battling Malaria: Nearly a Success Story
Drug Resistance and Diseases That Haunt Us
Evolutionary Thoughts About Virulence
The Ecological Perspective
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Ecology in Action: Ecologists Search for a Pattern in Hantavirus Outbreaks
Environmental Economics
Traditional Economics and Market Values
Benefit-cost Analysis: A Two-edged Sword
How Much Are We Prepared to Pay to Prevent Pollution?
The Environmental Industry: Economic Drag or Stimulus?
A Digression on the Meaning of Sustainability
How Do We Evaluate Development?
Global Budgets and Local Accounts
Environmental Legislation and Policy
Common Law and the Environment
Protection Under Statutory Law
A Pocket History of Environmental Legislation
Focus on Five Pieces of Legislation
Property Rights versus Environmental Legislation
Ecology in Action: Ecologists and Environmental Impact Surveys
Peering into the Future
Is the End Nigh?
The Lesson of Easter Island
Human Initiative Saves the Day?
The Rise of Genetic Manipulation
Another Clone? There's More Where This Came From
Future Choices
Glossary
References
Photo Credits
Index

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