Building Construction Principles, Materials, and Systems

ISBN-10: 0130494216

ISBN-13: 9780130494214

Edition: 2008

List price: $115.00
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Description: The authors have combined their diverse professional and educational backgrounds to produce a resource that presents the complexity of building construction in an accessible volume. It clearly provides the basics of building science as applied to the art of transforming materials and systems into constructible buildings. The book appropriately addresses each of the primary building assemblies - foundations, walls, floors, ceilings, and roofs - and how they join, seal and integrate with other components. The performance of building enclosures and systems is reviewed in detail, which enhances the readers understanding of the comprehensive, integrated nature of the building design and construction process. Almost all building materials and systems have been covered in depth. The book is unique among other books on the subject because it is joining efforts of three authors, two of whom are engaged full time in academia, and the third who has an extensive background in the profession.Offers a new approach to construction principles, materials and methods. Divided into two parts to illustrate current and traditional practices of construction:Part I10 chapters deal primarily with the principles of building materials and building assemblies performance;Part II25 chapters deal primarily with specific materials and assemblies.nbsp;This book will serve as an indispensable reference for practitioners of architecture, engineering and construction.

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Book details

List price: $115.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 1008
Size: 9.00" wide x 11.75" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 6.644
Language: English

Principles of Construction
An Overview of the Building Delivery Process-How Building Come into Being
Project Delivery Phases
Predesign Phase
Design Phase
CSI MasterFormat and Specifications
Preconstruction (Bid Negotiation) Phase
Construction Phase
Construction Contract Administration
Postconstruction (Project Closeout) Phase
Alternative Project Delivery Methods
Construction Management (CM) Method
CM at Risk (CMAR) Method
Design-Build (DB) Method
Governmental Constraints on Construction
Objectives of a Building Code
Enforcement of a Building Code
Prescriptive and Performance Codes
Model Codes
Contents of a Building Code
Application of a Building Code
Construction Standards
Other Major Governmental Constraints
Zoning Ordinance
Building Accessibility-Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Principles in Practice: Code Allowable Area and Height of Building
Loads on Buildings
Dead Loads
Live Loads
Rain Loads
Wind Load Basics
Factors That Affect Wind Loads
Roof Snow Load
Earthquake Load
Factors That Affect Earthquake Loads
Wind versus Earthquake Resistance of Buildings
Principles in Practice: Dead Load and Live Load Estimation
Load Resistance-The Structural Properties of Materials
Compressive and Tensile Strengths of Materials
Ductility and Brittleness
Yield Strength of Materials
Elasticity and Plasticity
Modulus of Elasticity
Bending Strength of Materials
Shear Strength of Materials
Bearing Strength of Materials
Structural Failures
Structural Safety
Thermal Properties of Materials
Units of Energy
Conduction, Convection, and Radiation
R-Value of a Building Component
R-Value of a Multilayer Component
Surface Emissivity
U-Value of an Assembly
Where and How Much to Insulate
Thermal Capacity
The Most Effective Face of the Envelope for Instilation
Principles in Practice: Insulating Materials
Air Leakage and Water Vapor Control
Air Leakage Fundamentals
Air Retarder
Water Vapor in Air
Condensation of Water Vapor
Control of Condensation
Materials Used as Vapor Retarders
Location of Vapor Retarder and Ventilation in the Space Beyond the Vapor Retarder
Vapor Retarder under a Concrete Slab-on-Ground
Principles in Practice: Where Dew Point Occurs in an Assembly
Fire-Related Properties
Fire Code and Building Code
Combustible and Noncombustible Materials
Products Given Off in a Building Fire
Fire-Rated Assemblies and Compartmentalization of a Building
Types of Construction
Fire-Stopping of Penetrations and Fire-Sealing of Joints
Fire-Test Response Characteristics of Interior Finishes
Role of Sprinklers
Acoustical Properties of Materials
Frequency, Speed, and Wavelength of Sound
The Decibel Scale
Airborne and Structure-Borne Sounds
Airborne Sound Insulation-Sound-Transmission Class
Structure-Borne Sound Insulation-Impact Insulation Class
Sound Absorption-Noise-Reduction Coefficient
Principles of Joints and Sealants (Expansion and Contraction Control)
Types of Movement Joints
Building Separation Joints and Seismic Joints
Movement Joints in Building Components
Thermal Movement
Moisture Movement
Elastic Deformation and Creep
Total Joint Dimension
Principles of Joint Detailing
Components of a Sealed Joint
Types and Properties of Joint Sealants
Principles of Sustainable Construction
Fundamentals of Sustainable Architecture
Ecolabeling of Buildings
Characteristics of Green Building Products
Ecolabeling of Building Products
Materials and Systems
Materials for Wood Construction - 1 (Lumber)
Introduction
Growth Rings and Wood's Microstructure
Softwoods and Hardwoods
From Logs to Finished Lumber
Drying of Lumber
Lumber Surfacing
Nominal and Actual Dimensions of Lumber
Board Foot Measure
Softwood Lumber Classification
Lumber's Strength and Appearance
Lumber Grading
Durability of Wood
Fungal Decay
Termite Control
Preservarive-Treated Wood
Fire-Retardant-Treated-Wood
Principles in Practice: Typical Grade Stamps of Visually Graded Lumber
Materials for Wood Construction-II (Manufactured Wood Products, Fasteners, and Connectors)
Glulam Members
Structural Composite Lumber-LVL and PSL
Wood I-Joists
Wood Trusses
Wood Panels
Plywood Panels
OSB Panels
Specifying Wood Panels-Panel Ratings
Fasteners for Connecting Wood Members
Sheet Metal Connectors
Wood Light Frame Construction-I
Evolution of Wood Light Frame Construction
Contemporary Wood Light Frame-The Platform Frame
Frame Configuration and Spacing of Members
Essentials of Wall Framing
Framing Around Wall Openings
Essentials of Floor Framing
Roof Types and Roof Slope
Essentials of Roof Framing
Vaulted Ceilings
Sheathing Applied to a Frame
Equalizing Cross-Grain Lumber Dimensions
Principles in Practice: Constructing a Two-Story Wood Light Frame Building
Principles in Practice: How a WLF Building Resists Loads
Wood Light Frame Construction-II
Exterior Wall Finishes in a WLF Building
Horizontal Sidings
Vertical Sidings
Finishing the Eaves, Rakes, and Ridge
Gypsum Board
Installing and Finishing Interior Drywall
Fire-Resistance Ratings of WLF Assemblies
Structural Insulated Panel System
Basics of the Structural Insulated Panel (SIP) System
SIP Wall Assemblies
SIP Floor Assemblies
SIP Roof Assemblies
Advantages and Limitations of SIPS
The Material Steel and Structural Steel Construction
Making of Modern Steel
Structural Steel Shapes and Their Designations
Steel Joists and Joist Girders
Steel Roof and Floor Decks
Preliminary Layout of Framing Members
Bolts and Welds
Connections Between Framing Members
Steel Detailing and Fabrication
Steel Erection
Corrosion Protection of Steel
Fire Protection of Steel
Principles in Practice: Fundamentals of Skeleton Frame Construction
Light-Gauge Steel Construction
Light-Gauge Steel Framing Members
Light-Gauge Steel Framing in Load-Bearing Applications
Advantages and Limitations of Light-Gauge Steel Framing
Non-Load-Bearing Light-Gauge Steel Framing
Lime, Portland Cement, and Concrete
Introduction to Lime
Types of Lime Used in Construction
Portland Cement
Air-Entrained and White Portland Cements
Basic Ingredients of Concrete
Important Properties of Concrete
Making Concrete
Placing and Finishing Concrete
Portland Cement and Water Reaction
Water-Reducing Concrete Admixtures
High-Strength Concrete
Steel Reinforcement
Welded Wire Reinforcement
Concrete Construction-I (Formwork, Reinforcement, and Slabs-on-Ground)
Versatility of Reinforced Concrete
Concrete Formwork and Shores
Formwork Removal and Reshoring
Architectural Concrete and Form Liners
Principles of Reinforcing Concrete
Splices, Couplers, and Hooks in Bars
Corrosion Protection of Steel Reinforcement
Reinforcement and Formwork for Columns
Reinforcement and Formwork for Walls
Types of Concrete Slabs
Ground-Supported Isolated Concrete Slab
Ground-Supported Stiffened Concrete Slab
Concrete Construction-II (Site-Cast and Precast Concrete Framing Systems)
Types of Elevated Concrete Floor Systems
Beam-Supported Concrete Floors
Beamless Concrete Floors
Posttensioned Elevated Concrete Floors
Introduction to Precast Concrete
Mixed Precast Concrete Construction
Fire Resistance of Concrete Members
Soils; Foundation and Basement Construction
Classification of Soils
Soil Sampling and Testing
Earthwork and Excavation
Supports for Deep Excavations
Keeping Excavations Dry
Foundation Systems
Shallow Foundations
Deep Foundations
Frost-Protected Shallow Foundations
Below-Grade Waterproofing
Principles in Practice: Unified Soil Classification
Mansonry Materials-I (Mortar and Brick)
Masonry Mortar
Mortar Materials and Specifications
Mortar Joint Thickness and Profiles
Manufacture of Bricks
Dimensions of Masonry Units
Types of Clay Bricks
Bond Patterns in Masonry Walls
The Importance of the IRA of Bricks
The Craft and Art of Brick Masonry Construction
Efflorescence in Brick Walls
Expansion Control in Brick Walls
Masonry Materials-II (Concrete Masonry Units, Natural Stone, and Glass Masonry Units)
Concrete Masonry Units-Sizes and Shapes
Concrete Masonry Units-Manufacturing and Specifications
Construction of a CMU Wall
Shrinkage Control in CMU Walls
Grout
Calcium Silicate Masonry Units
Natural Stone
From Blocks to Finished Stone
Stone Selection
Bond Patterns in Stone Masonry Walls
Glass Masonry Units
Fire Resistance of Masonry Walls
Masonry and Concrete Bearing Wall Construction
Traditional Masonry Bearing Wall Construction
Importance of Vertical Reinforcement in Masonry Walls
Bond Beams in a Masonry Bearing Wall Building
Wall Layout in a Bearing Wall Building
Floor and Roof Decks-Connections to Walls
Limitations of Masonry Bearing Wall Construction
Bearing Wall and Column-Beam System
Reinforced-Concrete Bearing Wall Construction
Reinforced Concrete Tilt-Up Wall Construction
Connections in a Tilt-Up Wall Building
Aesthetics of Tilt-Up Wall Buildings
Principles in Practice: The Middle-Third Rule
Rainwater Infiltration Control in Exterior Walls
Rainwater Infiltration Control-Basic Strategies
Bartier Wall Versus Drainage Wall
Rain-Screen Exterior Cladding
Exterior Wall Cladding-I (Masonry, Precast Concrete, GFRC, and Prefabricated Mansonry)
Masonry Veneer Assembly-General Considerations
Brick Veneer with a CMU or Concrete Backup Wall
Brick Veneer with a Steel Stud Backup Wall
CMU Backup Versus Steel Stud Backup
Aesthetics of Brick Veneer
Precast Concrete (PC) Curtain Wall
Connecting the PC Curtain Wall to a Structure
Brick and Stone-Faced PC Curtain Wall
Detailing a PC Curtain Wall
Glass Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (GFRC) Curtain Wall
Fabrication of GFRC Panels
Detailing a GFRC Curtain Wall
Prefabricated Brick Curtain Wall
Exterior Wall Cladding-II (Stucco, EIFS, Natural Stone, and Insulated Metal Panels)
Portland Cement Plaster (Stucco) Basics
Stucco on Steel-or Wood-Stud Walls
Stucco on Masonry and Concrete Substrates
Limitations and Advantages of Stucco
Exterior Insulation and Finish System (EIFS) Basics
Application of Polymer-Based EIFS
Impact-Resistant and Drainable EIFS
Exterior Cladding with Dimension Stone
Field Installation of Stone-Standard-Set Method
Field Installation of Stone-Vertical Support Channel Method
Prefabricated Stone Curtain Walls
Thin Stone Cladding
Insulated Metal Panels
Transparent Materials (Glass and Light-Transmitting Plastics)
Manufacture of Flat Glass
Types of Heat-Modified Glass
Glass and Solar Radiation
Types of Tinted and Reflective Glass
Glass and Long-Wave Radiation
Insulating Glass Unit
R-Value (or U-Value) of Glass
Glass and Glazing
Safety Glass
Laminated Glass
Structural Performance of Glass
Fire-Resistant Glass
Plastic Glazing
Glass for Special Purposes
Criteria for the Selection of Glass
Anatomy of a Glazing Pocket
Principles in Practice: Important Facts about Radiation
Principles in Practice: Condensation-Resistance Factor
Windows and Doors
Window Styles
Window Materials
Performance Ratings of Windows
Window Installation and Surrounding Details
Classification of Doors
Door Frames
Fire-Rated Doors and Windows
Principles in Practice: A Note on Aluminum
Glass-Aluminum Wall Systems
Glass-Aluminum Curtain Walls
Anchorage of a Stick-Built Glass Curtain Wall to a Structure
Stick-Built Glass Curtain Wall Details
Structural Performance of a Glass Curtain Wall
Other Performance Criteria of a Glass Curtain Wall
Nontraditional Glass Curtain Walls
Other Glass-Aluminum Wall Systems
Roofing-I (Low-Slope Roofs)
Low-Slope and Steep Roofs Distinguished
Low-Slope Roof Fundamentals
Built-Up Roof Membrane
Modified Bitumen Roof Membrane
Single-Ply Roof Membrane
Rigid-Board Insulation and Membrane Attachment
Insulating Concrete and Membrane Attachment
Low-Slope Roof Flashings
Base Flashing Details
Curb and Flange Flashing Details
Protected Membrane Roof
Low-Slope-Roof Design Considerations
Principles in Practice: Shingling of Built-Up Roof Felts
Roofing-II (Step Roofs)
Steep-Roof Fundamentals
Asphalt Shingles and Roof Underlayment
Installation of Asphalt Shingles
Valley Treatment in an Asphalt Shingle Roof
Ridge and Hip Treatment in an Asphalt Shingle Roof
Flashings in an Asphalt Shingle Roof
Essentials of Clay and Concrete Roof Tiles
Clay and Concrete Tile Roof Details
Types of Architectural Metal Roofs
Contemporary Architectural Metal Roofs
Stairs
Stair Fundamentals
Wood Stairs
Steel Stairs
Concrete Stairs
Subfloors
Selection Criteria for Floor Coverings
Ceramic and Stone Tile Flooring
Stone Panel Flooring
Terrazzo Flooring
Carpet and Carpet Tile Flooring
Wood Flooring
Resilient Flooring
Resinous-Flooring
Other Floor-Covering Materials
Underlayments
Resilient Accessories-Wall Base and Moldings
Principles in Practice: Showers and Tile
Ceilings
Selection Criteria for Ceiling Finish Materials
No Ceiling Finish-Exposed to Above
Ceilings Attached to Building Structure
Ceilings Suspended from Building Structure
SI System and U.S. System of Units
Rules of Grammar in the SI System
Length, Thickness, Area, and Volume
Fluid Capacity
Mass, Force, and Weight
Pressure and Stress
Unit Weight of Materials
Temperature and Energy
Conversion from the U.S. System to the SI System
Preliminary Sizing of Structural Members
Conventional Wood Light Frame (WLF) Buildings
Conventional Light-Gauge Steel Frame (LGSF) Buildings
Structural Steel Frame Buildings
Site-Cast Concrete Frame Buildings
Precast-Prestressed Concrete Members
Load-Bearing Masonry and Concrete Buildings
Glossary
Index
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