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Introduction, Measurement, Estimating | |

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The Nature of Science | |

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Physics and Its Relation to Other Fields | |

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Models, Theories, and Laws | |

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Measurement and Uncertainty; Significant Figures | |

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Units, Standards, and the SI System | |

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Converting Units | |

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Order-of-Magnitude: Rapid Estimating | |

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Dimensions and Dimensional Analysis | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Describing Motion: Kinematics in One Dimension | |

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Reference Frames and Displacement | |

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Average Velocity | |

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Instantaneous Velocity | |

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Acceleration | |

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Motion at Constant Acceleration | |

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Solving Problems | |

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Falling Objects | |

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Graphical Analysis of Linear Motion | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Kinematics in Two Dimensions; Vectors | |

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Vectors and Scalars | |

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Addition of Vectors-Graphical Methods | |

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Subtraction of Vectors, and Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar | |

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Adding Vectors by Components | |

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Projectile Motion | |

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Solving Problems Involving Projectile Motion | |

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Projectile Motion is Parabolic | |

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Relative Velocity | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Dynamics: Newton's Laws of Motion | |

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Force | |

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Newton's First Law of Motion | |

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Mass | |

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Newton's Second Law of Motion | |

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Newton's Third Law of Motion | |

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Weight-the Force of Gravity; and the Normal Force | |

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Solving Problems with Newton's Laws: Free-Body Diagrams | |

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Applications Involving Friction, Inclines | |

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Problem Solving-A General Approach | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Circular Motion; Gravitation | |

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Kinematics of Uniform Circular Motion | |

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Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion | |

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Highway Curves, Banked and Unbanked | |

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Nonuniform Circular Motion | |

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Centrifugation | |

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Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation | |

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Gravity Near the Earth's Surface; Geophysical Applications | |

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Satellites and "Weightlessness" | |

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Kepler's Laws and Newton's Synthesis | |

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Types of Forces in Nature | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Work and Energy | |

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Work Done by a Constant Force | |

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Work Done by a Variable Force | |

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Kinetic Energy, and the Work-Energy Principle | |

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Potential Energy | |

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Conservative and Nonconservative Forces | |

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Mechanical Energy and Its Conservation | |

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Problem Solving Using Conservation of Mechanical Energy | |

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Other Forms of Energy; Energy Transformations and the Law of Conservation of Energy | |

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Energy Conservation with Dissipative Forces: Solving Problems | |

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Power | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Linear Momentum | |

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Momentum and Its Relation to Force | |

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Conservation of Momentum | |

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Collisions and Impulse | |

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Conservation of Energy and Momentum in Collisions | |

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Elastic Collisions in One Dimension | |

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Inelastic Collisions | |

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Collisions in Two or Three Dimensions | |

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Center of Mass (CM) | |

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CM for the Human Body | |

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Center of Mass and Translational Motion | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Rotational Motion | |

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Angular Quantities | |

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Constant Angular Acceleration | |

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Rolling Motion (Without Slipping) | |

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Torque | |

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Rotational Dynamics; Torque and Rotational Inertia | |

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Solving Problems in Rotational Dynamics | |

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Rotational Kinetic Energy | |

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Angular Momentum and Its Conservation | |

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Vector Nature of Angular Quantities | |

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Suggestion for Solving Problems | |

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Static Equilibrium; Elasticity and Fracture | |

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The Conditions for Equilibrium | |

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Solving Statics Problems | |

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Applications to Muscles and Joints | |

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Stability and Balance | |

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Elasticity; Stress and Strain | |

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Fracture | |

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Spanning a Space: Arches and Domes | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Fluids | |

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Phases of Matter | |

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Density and Specific Gravity | |

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Pressure in Fluids | |

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Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure | |

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Pascal's Principle | |

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Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the Barometer | |

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Buoyancy and Archimedes' Principle | |

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Fluids in Motion; Flow Rate and the Equation of Continuity | |

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Bernoulli's Equation | |

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Applications of Bernoulli's Principle: from Torricelli to Airplanes, Baseballs, and TIA | |

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Viscosity | |

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Flow in Tubes: Poiseuille's Equation, Blood Flow | |

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Surface Tension and Capillarity | |

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Pumps, and the Heart | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Vibrations and Waves | |

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Simple Harmonic Motion | |

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Energy in the Simple Harmonic Oscillator | |

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The Period and Sinusoidal Nature of SHM | |

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The Simple Pendulum | |

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Damped Oscillations | |

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Forced Vibrations; Resonance | |

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Wave Motion | |

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Types of Waves; Transverse and Longitudinal | |

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Energy Transported by Waves | |

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Intensity Related to Amplitude and Frequency | |

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Reflection and Transmission of Waves | |

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Interference | |

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Standing Waves; Resonance | |

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Refraction | |

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Diffraction | |

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Mathematical Representation of a Traveling Wave | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Sound | |

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Characteristics of Sound | |

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Intensity of Sound: Decibels | |

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The Ear and Its Response; Loudness | |

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Sources of Sound: Vibrating Strings and Air Columns | |

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Quality of Sound, and Noise; Superposition | |

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Interference of Sound Waves; Beats | |

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Doppler Effect | |

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Shock Waves and the Sonic Boom | |

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Applications: Sonar, Ultrasound, and Medical Imaging | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Temperature and Kinetic Theory | |

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Atomic Theory of Matter | |

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Temperature and Thermometers | |

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Thermal Equilibrium and Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Thermal Expansion | |

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Heat Thermal Stress | |

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The Gas Laws and Absolute Temperature | |

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The Ideal Gas Law | |

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Problem Solving with the Ideal Gas Law | |

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Ideal Gas Law in terms of Molecules: Avogadro's Number | |

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Kinetic Theory and the Molecular Interpretation of Temperature | |

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Distribution of Molecular Speeds | |

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Real Gases and Changes of Phase | |

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Vapor Pressure and Humidity | |

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Diffusion | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Heat | |

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Heat as Energy Transfer | |

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Internal Energy | |

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Specific Heat | |

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Calorimetry-Solving Problems | |

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Latent Heat | |

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Heat Transfer: Conduction | |

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Heat Transfer: Convection | |

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Heat Transfer: Radiation | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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The Laws of Thermodynamics | |

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The First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Thermodynamic Processes and the First Law | |

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Human Metabolism and the First Law | |

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The Second Law of Thermodynamics-Introduction | |

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Heat Engines | |

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Refrigerators, Air Conditioners, and Heat Pumps | |

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Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Order to Disorder | |

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Unavailability of Energy; Heat Death | |

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Evolution and Growth; "Time Arrow" | |

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Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law | |

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Thermal Pollution and Global Warming | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Electric Charge and Electric Field | |

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Static Electricity; Electric Charge and Its Conservation | |

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Electric Charge in the Atom | |

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Insulators and Conductors | |

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Induced Charge; the Electroscope | |

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Coulomb's Law | |

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Solving Problems involving Coulomb's Law and Vectors | |

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The Electric Field | |

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Field Lines | |

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Electric Fields and Conductors | |

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Gauss's Law | |

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Electric Field in Molecular Biology: DNA Structure and Replication | |

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Photocopy Machines and Computer Printers Use Electrostatics | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Electric Potential | |

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Electric Potential Energy and Potential Difference | |

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Relation Between Electric Potential and Electric Field | |

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Equipotential Lines | |

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The Electron Volt, a Unit of Energy | |

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Electric Potential Due to Point Charges | |

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Potential Due to Electric Dipole; Dipole Moment | |

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Capacitors | |

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Dielectrics | |

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Storage of Electrical Energy | |

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Cathode Ray Tube: TV and Computer Monitors, Oscilloscope | |

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The Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Electric Currents | |

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Electric Battery | |

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Electric Current | |

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Ohm's Law: Resistance and Resistors | |

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Resistivity | |

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Electric Power | |

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Power in Household Circuits | |

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Alternating Current | |

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Microscopic View of Electric Current | |

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Superconductivity | |

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Electric Conduction in the Human Nervous System | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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DC Circuits | |

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EMF and Terminal Voltage | |

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Resistors in Series and in Parallel | |

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Kirchhoff's Rules | |

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EMFs in Series and in Parallel; Charging a Battery | |

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Circuits Containing Capacitors in Series and in Parallel | |

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RC Circuits-Resistor and Capacitor in Series | |

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Electric Hazards | |

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Ammeters and Voltmeters | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Magnetism | |

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Magnets and Magnetic Fields | |

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Electric Currents Produce Magnetic Fields | |

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Force on an Electric Current in a Magnetic Field; Definition of B | |

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Force on Electric Charge Moving in a Magnetic Field | |

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The Magnetic Field Due to a Straight Wire | |

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Force Between Two Parallel Wires | |

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Electromagnets and Solenoids | |

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Ampere's Law | |

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Torque on a Current Loop; Magnetic Moment | |

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Applications: Galvanometers, Motors, Loudspeakers | |

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Mass Spectrometers | |

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Ferromagnetism: Domains and Hysteresis | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Electromagnetic Induction and Faraday's Law | |

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Induced EMF | |

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Faraday's Law of Induction; Lenz's Law | |

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EMF Induced in a Moving Conductor | |

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Changing Magnetic Flux Produces an Electric Field | |

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Electric Generators | |

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Back EMF and Counter Torque; Eddy Currents | |

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Transformers; Transmission of Power | |

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Applications of Induction: Sound Systems, Computer Memory, the Seismograph | |

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Inductance | |

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Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field | |

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LR Circuit | |

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AC Circuits and Impedance | |

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LRC Series AC Circuit; Problem Solving | |

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Resonance in AC Circuits; Oscillators | |

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Impedance Matching | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Changing Electric Fields Produce Magnetic Fields; Maxwell's Equations | |

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Production of Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Light as an Electromagnetic wave and the Electromagnetic Spectrum | |

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Measuring the Speed of Light | |

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Energy in EM Waves | |

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Momentum Transfer and Radiation Pressure | |

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Radio and Television: Wireless Communication | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Light: Geometric Optics | |

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The Ray Model of Light | |

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Reflection; Image Formation by a Planar Mirror | |

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Formation of Images by Spherical Mirrors | |

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Index of Refraction | |

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Refraction: Snell's Law | |

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Total Internal Reflection; Fiber Optics | |

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Thin Lenses; Ray Tracing | |

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The Thin Lens Equation; Magnification | |

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Combinations of Lenses | |

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The Lensmaker's Equation | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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The Wave Nature of Light | |

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Waves Versus Particles; Huygens' Principle and Diffraction | |

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Huygens' Principle and the law of Refraction | |

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Interference-Young's Double-Slit Experiment | |

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The Visible Spectrum and Dispersion | |

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Diffraction by a Single Slit or Disk | |

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Diffraction Gratings | |

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The Spectrometer and Spectroscopy | |

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Interference by Thin Films | |

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Michelson Interferometer | |

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Polarization | |

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Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) | |

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Scattering of Light by the Atmosphere | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Optical Instruments | |

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Cameras, Standard and Digital | |

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The Human Eye; Corrective Lenses | |

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The Magnifying Glass | |

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Telescopes | |

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Compound Microscope | |

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Aberrations of Lenses and Mirrors | |

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Limits of Resolution; the Raleigh Criterion | |

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Resolution of Telescopes and Microscopes; the [Lambda] Limit | |

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Resolution of the Human Eye and Useful Magnification | |

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Specialty Microscopes and Contrast | |

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X-Rays and X-Ray Diffraction | |

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X-Ray Imaging and Computerized Axial Tomography (CT Scan) | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Special Theory of Relativity | |

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Galilean-Newtonian Relativity | |

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Postulates of the Special Theory of Relativity | |

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Simultaneity | |

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Time Dilation and the Twin Paradox | |

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Length Contraction | |

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Four-Dimensional Space-Time | |

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Relativistic Momentum and Mass | |

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The Ultimate Speed | |

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E = mc[superscript 2]; Mass and Energy | |

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Relativistic Addition of Velocities | |

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The Impact of Special Relativity | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Early Quantum Theory and Models of the Atoms | |

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Discovery and Properties of the Electron | |

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Planck's Quantum Hypothesis | |

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Photon Theory of Light and the Photoelectric Effect | |

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Compton Effect | |

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Photon Interactions, Pair Production | |

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Wave-Particle Duality; the Principle of Complementarity | |

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Wave Nature of Matter | |

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Electron Microscopes | |

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Early Models of the Atom | |

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Atomic Spectra: Key to the Structure of the Atom | |

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The Bohr Model | |

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de Broglie Hypothesis As Applied to Atoms | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Quantum Mechanics of Atoms | |

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Quantum Mechanics-A New Theory | |

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The Wave Function and Its Interpretation; the Double-Slit Experiment | |

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The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle | |

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Philosophical Implications; Probability versus Determinism | |

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Quantum-Mechanical View of Atoms | |

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Quantum Mechanics of the Hydrogen Atom; Quantum Numbers | |

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Complex Atoms; the Exclusion Principle | |

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The Periodic Table of Elements | |

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X-Ray Spectra and Atomic Number | |

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Fluorescence and Phosphorescence | |

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Lasers | |

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Holography | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Molecules and Solids | |

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Bonding in Molecules | |

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Potential Energy Diagrams for Molecules | |

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Weak (van der Waals) Bonds | |

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Molecular Spectra | |

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Bonding in Solids | |

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Band Theory of Solids | |

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Semiconductors and Doping | |

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Semiconductor Diodes | |

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Transistors and Integrated Circuits | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity | |

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Structure and Properties of the Nucleus | |

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Binding Energy and Nuclear Forces | |

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Radioactivity | |

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Alpha Decay | |

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Beta Decay | |

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Gamma Decay | |

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Conservation of Nucleon Number and Other Conservation Laws | |

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Half-Life and Rate of Decay | |

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Calculations Involving Decay Rates and Half-Life | |

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Decay Series | |

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Radioactive Dating | |

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Stability and Tunneling | |

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Detection of Radiation | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Nuclear Energy; Effects and Uses of Radiation | |

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Nuclear Reactions and the Transmutation of Elements | |

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Nuclear Fission; Nuclear Reactors | |

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Fusion | |

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Passage of Radiation Through Matter; Radiation Damage | |

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Measurement of Radiation-Dosimetry | |

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Radiation Therapy | |

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Tracers and Imaging in Research and Medicine | |

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Emission Tomography | |

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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Elementary Particles | |

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High Energy Particles and Accelerators | |

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Beginnings of Elementary Particle Physics-Particle Exchange | |

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Particles and Antiparticles | |

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Particle Interactions and Conservation Laws | |

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Particle Classification | |

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Particle Stability and Resonances | |

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Strange Particles | |

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Quarks | |

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The "Standard Model": Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and the Electroweak Theory | |

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Grand Unified Theories | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |

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Astrophysics and Cosmology | |

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Stars and Galaxies | |

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Stellar Evolution: The Birth and Death of Stars | |

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Distance Measurements | |

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General Relativity: Gravity and the Curvature of Space | |

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The Expanding Universe: Red Shift and Hubble's Law | |

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The Big Bang and the Cosmic Microwave Background | |

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The Standard Cosmological Model: The Early History of the Universe | |

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Mass-Energy in the Universe; Dark Matter and Dark Energy | |

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Large-Scale Structure of the Universe | |

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Finally... | |

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Suggestions for Solving Problems | |