Herpetology

ISBN-10: 0130307955
ISBN-13: 9780130307958
Edition: 2nd 2001
List price: $92.00
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Description: For upper-level undergraduate courses in herpetology, found in departments of Biology, Zoology, Natural Resources, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology. This fascinating study integrates information about the ecology, behavior, morphology, and  More...

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Book details

List price: $92.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 8/7/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 612
Size: 8.23" wide x 10.31" long x 1.22" tall
Weight: 3.190
Language: English

For upper-level undergraduate courses in herpetology, found in departments of Biology, Zoology, Natural Resources, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology. This fascinating study integrates information about the ecology, behavior, morphology, and physiology of amphibians and reptiles, presenting topics in a phylogenetic and organismal context. An insightful collaboration among authors whose work has been instrumental in the development of such diverse specialties as molecular evolution, environmental physiology, and behavioral ecology, it shows amphibians and reptiles as vital organisms that represent a distinct and successful approach to terrestrial vertebrate life.

What Are Amphibians And Reptiles?
Herpetology as a Field of Study
The Diversity of Amphibians and Reptiles
Shared Characters of Amphibians and Reptiles
Amphibians and Reptiles in Terrestrial Ecosystems
Development of Herpetology as a Field of Study
Summary
The Place of Amphibians and Reptiles in Vertebrate Evolution
Phylogenetic Systematics
The Transition from fishes to Tetrapods
The Ecological Transition in Tetrapod Origins
Monophyly of Lissamphibia
Two Hypotheses for Relations between Lissamphibians and Paleozoic Amphibians
Paedomorphosis in Lissamphibian Evolution
Relationships among Extant Orders of Lissamphibia
The Radiation of Amniotes
Summary
Classification and Diversity of Extant Amphibians
Salamanders (Urodela)
Systematics and Phylogeny of Extant Salamanders
Caecilians (Gymnophiona)
Systematics and Phylogeny of Caecilians
Frogs (Anura)
Systematics and Phylogeny of Frogs
Summary
Classification and Diversity of Extant Reptiles
Turtles (Testudines or Chelonia)
Systematics and Phylogeny of Turtles
Lepidosauria
Tuatara (Rhynchocephalia)
Lizards and Snakes (Squamata)
Systematics and Phylogeny of Lizards
Systematics and Phylogeny of Snakes
Crocodilians (Crocodylia)
Systematics and Phylogeny of Crocodilians
Summary
How Do They Work?
Temperature and Water Relations
Pathways of Energy and Water Exchange
Water Uptake and Loss
Heat Gain and Loss
Behavioral Aspects of Thermoregulation
Cardiovascular Control of Heating and Cooling
The Thermal Ecology of Amphibians and Reptiles
Water in the Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles
Summary
Energetics and Performance
Sites of Gas Exchange
Patterns of Blood Flow
Functions of Intracardiac Shunts
ATP Synthesis: Oxidative and Glycolytic Metabolism
Energy Costs of Natural Activities
Annual Energy Budgets
Environmental Variables and Performance
Performance and Fitness
Trade-Offs
Summary
Reproduction and Life History
Sexual and Asexual Reproduction
Reproductive Cycles
Gametes, Fertilization, and Development
Sex Determination
Life Cycles and Reproductive Modes
Heterochrony
Parental Care
Viviparity
Life history Variation
Summary
Body Support and Locomotion
Body Support, Thrust, and Gait
Lever Systems
Terrestrial Locomotion with Limbs
Jumping
Terrestrial Limbless Locomotion
Aquatic Locomotion
Summary
Feeding
Suction and Suspension Feeding
Terrestrial Feeding Mechanisms
Cranial Kinesis
Envenomation
Pit Organ
Herbivory
Summary
What Do They Do?
Movements and Orientation
Ecological Consequences of Movement
Methods for Studying Movements
Types of Movement
Local Movements and home Range
Territoriality
Migration
Movement of Juveniles
Homing Behavior
Mechanisms of Orientation
Summary
Communication
Modes of Communication
Constraints on Signal production
Communication and Noise
Communication in the Major Clades of Amphibians and Reptiles
Summary
Mating Systems and Sexual Selection
The Relationship of Mating Systems and Sexual Selection
Mating Systems of Amphibians and Reptiles
Variables Affecting Male Reproductive Success
Patterns of Sexual Size Dimorphism
Summary
Foraging Ecology and Interspecific Interactions
Foods and Feeding
Foraging Behaviors
Optimal Diets
Parasite-Host Interactions
Predator-Prey Interactions
Species Assemblages
Gradients in Species Richness
Determinants of Assemblage Structure and Composition
Case Studies of Amphibian and Reptiles Assemblages
Summary
What Are Their Prospects For Survival?
Conservation and the Future of Amp

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