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Foreword | |

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Preface | |

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The Highest Fundamentals | |

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Fundamental Concepts of Science and Engineering | |

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Introduction | |

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Knowledge and Science: Definitions | |

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Structure of a Science | |

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Considerations Built into a Science | |

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Commonality and Interrelatedness of Considerations | |

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The Role of Mathematics | |

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Physical Sciences: Clarification and Definition | |

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Summary and Conclusions | |

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Fundamental Concepts in Electrical and Electronics Engineering | |

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Introduction | |

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Energy | |

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Matter | |

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Additional Considerations Implicit in Physics | |

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The Field of Electronics | |

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Basic Electrical Quantities, definitions of | |

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Principle of Conservation of Energy | |

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Maxwell's Equations | |

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System of Units | |

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Mathematical Foundation for Understanding Circuits | |

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Introduction | |

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Phasor Transform | |

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Inverse Phasor Transform | |

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Reasons for Using Phasors | |

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Low-Frequency Electrical Energy Concepts | |

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Basic Circuit Elements | |

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Series and Parallel Configurations | |

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Concept of Impedance Revisited | |

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Low-Frequency Electrical Laws | |

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Fundamental Circuit Theorems | |

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Miller's Theorem | |

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Power Calculations in Sinusoidal Steady State | |

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The Decibel Unit (dB) | |

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DC and Low-Frequency Circuits Concepts | |

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Introduction | |

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Diodes | |

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Transistors | |

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Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs) | |

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Field Effect Transistors (FETs) | |

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How to Do AC Small-Signal Analysis | |

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Summary and Conclusions | |

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Wave Propagation in Networks | |

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Introduction to Radio Frequency and Microwave Concepts and Applications | |

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Introduction | |

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Reasons for Using RF/Microwaves | |

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RF/Microwave Applications | |

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Radio Frequency (RF) Waves | |

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RF and Microwave (MW) Circuit Design | |

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The Unchanging Fundamental versus the Ever-Evolving Structure | |

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General Active-Circuit Block Diagrams | |

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Summary | |

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Rf Electronics Concepts | |

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Introduction | |

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RF/Microwaves versus DC or Low AC Signals | |

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EM Spectrum | |

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Wavelength and Frequency | |

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Introduction to Component Basics | |

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Resonant Circuits | |

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Analysis of a Simple Circuit in Phasor Domain | |

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Impedance Transformers | |

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RF Impedance Matching | |

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Three-Element Matching | |

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Fundamental Concepts in Wave Propagation | |

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Introduction | |

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Qualities of Energy | |

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Definition of a Wave | |

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Mathematical Form of Propagating Waves | |

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Properties of Waves | |

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Transmission Media | |

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Microstrip Line | |

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Circuit Representations of Two-Port Rf/Microwave Networks | |

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Introduction | |

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Low-Frequency Parameters | |

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High-Frequency Parameters | |

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Formulation of the S-Parameters | |

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Properties of S-Parameters | |

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Shifting Reference Planes | |

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Transmission Matrix | |

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Generalized Scattering Parameters | |

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Signal Flow Graphs | |

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Summary | |

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Passive Circuit Design | |

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The Smith Chart | |

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Introduction | |

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A Valuable Graphical Aid: The Smith Chart | |

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Derivation of Smith Chart | |

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Description of Two Types of Smith Charts | |

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Smith Chart's Circular Scales | |

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Smith Chart's Radial Scales | |

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The Normalized Impedance-Admittance (ZY) Smith Chart | |

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Applications of the Smith Chart | |

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Introduction | |

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Distributed Circuit Applications | |

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Lumped Element Circuit Applications | |

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Foster's Reactance Theorem | |

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Design of Matching Networks | |

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Introduction | |

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Definition of Impedance Matching | |

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Selection of a Matching Network | |

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The Goal of Impedance Matching | |

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Design of Matching Circuits Using Lumped Elements | |

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Matching Network Design Using Distributed Elements | |

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Basic Considerations in Active Networks | |

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Stability Considerations in Active Networks | |

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Introduction | |

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Stability Circles | |

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Graphical Solution of Stability Criteria | |

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Analytical Solution of Stability Criteria | |

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Potentially Unstable Case | |

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Gain Considerations in Amplifiers | |

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Introduction | |

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Power Gain Concepts | |

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A Special Case: Unilateral Transistor | |

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The Mismatch Factor | |

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Input and Output VSWR | |

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Maximum Gain Design | |

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Unilateral Case (Maximum Gain) | |

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Constant Gain Circles (Unilateral Case) | |

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Unilateral Figure of Merit | |

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Bilateral Case | |

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Summary | |

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Noise Considerations in Active Networks | |

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Introduction | |

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Importance of Noise | |

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Noise Definition | |

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Sources of Noise | |

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Thermal Noise Analysis | |

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Noise Model of a Noisy Resistor | |

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Equivalent Noise Temperature | |

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Definitions of Noise Figure | |

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Noise Figure of Cascaded Networks | |

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Constant Noise Figure Circles | |

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Active Networks: Linear and Nonlinear Design | |

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RF/Microwave Amplifiers I: Small-Signal Design | |

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Introduction | |

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Types of Amplifiers | |

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Small-Signal Amplifiers | |

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Design of Different Types of Amplifiers | |

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Multistage Small-Signal Amplifier Design | |

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RF/Microwave Amplifiers II: Large-Signal Design | |

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Introduction | |

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High-Power Amplifiers | |

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Large-Signal Amplifier Design | |

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Microwave Power Combining/Dividing Techniques | |

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Signal Distortion Due to Intermodulation Products | |

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Multistage Amplifiers: Large-Signal Design | |

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RF/Microwave Oscillator Design | |

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Introduction | |

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Oscillator versus Amplifier Design | |

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Oscillation Conditions | |

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Design of Transistor Oscillators | |

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Generator-Tuning Networks | |

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RF/Microwave Frequency Conversion I: Rectifier and Detector Design | |

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Introduction | |

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Small-Signal Analysis of a Diode | |

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Diode Applications in Detector Circuits | |

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Detector Losses | |

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Effect of Matching Network on the Voltage Sensitivity | |

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Detector Design | |

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RF/Microwave Frequency Conversion II: Mixer Design | |

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Introduction | |

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Mixer Types | |

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Conversion Loss for SSB Mixers | |

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SSB versus DSB Mixers: Conversion Loss and Noise Figure | |

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One-Diode (or Single-Ended) Mixers | |

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Two-Diode Mixers | |

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Four Diode Mixers | |

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Eight-Diode Mixers | |

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Mixer Summary | |

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RF/Microwave Control Circuit Design | |

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Introduction | |

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PN Junction Devices | |

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Switch Configurations | |

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Phase Shifters | |

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Digital Phase Shifters | |

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Semiconductor Phase Shifters | |

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PIN Diode Attenuators | |

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RF/Microwave Integrated Circuit Design | |

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Introduction | |

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Microwave Integrated Circuits | |

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MIC Materials | |

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Types of MICs | |

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Hybrid versus Monolithic MICs | |

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Chip Mathematics | |

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Appendices | |

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List of Symbols and Abbreviations | |

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Physical Constants | |

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International System of Units (SI) | |

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Unit Prefixes | |

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Greek Alphabet | |

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Classical Laws of Electricity, Magnetism and Electromagnetics | |

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Materials Constants and Frequency Bands | |

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Conversion Among Two-Port Network Parameters | |

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Conversion Among the Y-Parameters of A Transistor (Three Configurations: CE, CB, and CC) | |

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Useful Mathematical Formulas | |

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DC Bias Networks for an Fet | |

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Computer Aided Design (CAD) Examples | |

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Derivation of the Constant Gain and Noise Figure Circles | |

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About the Software... | |

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Glossary of Technical Terms | |

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Index | |

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About the Author | |

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About the CD-ROM | |