Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology

ISBN-10: 0123851890
ISBN-13: 9780123851895
Edition: 2012
List price: $99.95 Buy it from $59.07
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Description: Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology serves as the one location readers can go to not only learn how to conduct research in general, but how research is specifically conducted within human skeletal biology. It outlines the current types of  More...

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Book details

List price: $99.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 9/25/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 576
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.586
Language: English

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology serves as the one location readers can go to not only learn how to conduct research in general, but how research is specifically conducted within human skeletal biology. It outlines the current types of research being conducted within each sub-specialty of skeletal biology, and gives the reader the tools  to set up a research project in skeletal biology. It also suggests several ideas for potential projects. Each chapter has an inclusive bibliography, which can serve as a good jumpstart for project references.Provides a step-by-step guide to conducting research in human skeletal biologyCovers diverse topics (sexing, aging, stature and ancestry estimation) and new technologies (histology, medical imaging, and geometric morphometrics)Excellent accompaniment to existing forensic anthropology or osteology works

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Contributors
Introduction to Research in Skeletal Biology
Introduction to Skeletal Biology
Goals of this Textbook
Why Study the Human Skeleton?
A Concise (and Abridged) Overview and History of Themes in Physical/ Biological Anthropology Relevant to Human Skeletal Biology
Format of this Book
How to Use this Book
Final Thoughts
Acknowledgments
References
Application of the Scientific Method to Skeletal Biology
Introduction to Science
The Scientific Method
Developing a Research Question: How to Think of and Develop Ideas
Project Logistics
Case Study: The Development of a Dissertation Topic
Final Thoughts
Acknowledgments
References
Recommended Reading
Research on Aspects of the Biological Profile
Age-at-Death Estimation
Introduction
Subadult Age-at-Death Estimation
Statistics and Adult Age-at-Death Estimation
Adult Age-at-Death Estimation
Case Study: Bayesian Theory Applied to the Multifactorial Age Indicator Problem
Conclusion
References
Sex Estimation and Assessment
Introduction
Sex Assessment versus Sex Estimation
Sexual Dimorphism: Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Factors
Sex Assessment
Metric Sex Estimation
Problematic Areas of Sex Estimation
Case Study: Developing Population-Specific Sexing Standards
Conclusion
References
Ancestry Estimation
Introduction
(Brief) History of Race Concept
Hrdlicka, Hooton, and Boas: Three Key Figures in the Development of the Discipline
Scientific Racism
Modern Thought About Ancestry
Ancestry and Forensic Anthropology
Statistical Approaches
Case Study: Assessing Ancestry for an Unknown
Final Thoughts: the Future of Research in Ancestry Estimation and Human Variation
Acknowledgments
References
Recommended Additional Readings and Viewings
Stature Estimation
Introduction
Methods in Stature Estimation: Then and Now
Problems with Stature Estimation
Case Studies: Stature Estimation
Future Research in Stature Estimation
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References
Paleopathology
Introduction
Skeletal Stress Markers of Bioarchaeological Value
Identifying a Pathology
How to Collect Pathological Data
The Photo Kit and Photographs/Other Images
Choosing a Collection: Not in a Vacuum
Paleopathological Information as a Problem-Solving Tool
Conclusion: Paleopathology as an Investigative Tool
References
Investigation of Skeletal Trauma
Introduction
Basic Concepts in Bone Trauma
Types of Trauma in the Human Skeleton
New Thinking: Skeletal Trauma as a Continuum
Skeletal Trauma as a Component of Anthropological Research
Case-Based Analysis
Case Study: Investigation of Fracture Patterns in Child Abuse Using a Case-Based Approach
Experimental Skeletal Trauma Research
Case Study: Experimental Impact Biomechanics Research into Cranial Base Fractures
Future Directions in Skeletal Trauma Research
Acknowledgments
References
Taphonomy
Introduction
The Taphonomic Research Perspective
Methodology in Taphonomic Research
Actualistic Methodology: Natural and Experimental
Taphonomy and Skeletal Biology: Two Case Studies
Case Study: Forensic Taphonomy
Case Study: Archaeological Taphonomy
Conclusion
References
Dental Anthropology
Introduction
Teeth: A Brief Introduction
Tooth Size and Shape
Tooth Development and Wear
Visualizing Tooth Growth
Dental Pathology
Teeth and Genetic Material
Isotope Analysis
Microwear
Case Study: The Devil Is in the Details
Moving Forward…
Acknowledgments
References
Demography
Introduction
Starting Data for Demographic Analysis of Skeletal Samples
Estimation of Sex and of the Sex Ratio
Estimation of Age and of the Age-at-Death Structure
What Sex Ratios and Age-at-Death Structures Can Tell Us About Past Populations
What Role can Sex Ratios and Age-at-Death Structures Play in Forensic Anthropology?
Conclusion: Wrapping It up
References
Technological Advances
Geometric Morphometrics
Introduction
Traditional Morphometries
Geometric Morphometries
Geometric Morphometric Methods
Current Applications of Geometric Morphometries in Skeletal Biology
Conclusion and Additional Resources
Acknowledgments
References
Bone and Dental Histology
Introduction
Bone Histology and Anthropology
Basic Concepts in Dental Histology
Case Study of Dental Histology in Forensic Anthropology: The Problem of Pink Teeth
So You're Interested in Dental Histology
Histological Methods
Histological Analyses
Case Studies: Bone Histology
So You're Interested in Bone Histology
Acknowledgments
References
Functional Morphology and Medical Imaging
Introduction
Basic Bone Biology
Basic Bone Biomechanics
Functional Morphology
Cross-Sectional Geometric Shape Analysis
Medical Imaging
Case Study: Functional Morphology, CT, and Bone Density in Action
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References
Isotopes
Introduction
What Questions can be Answered with Stable Isotope Analysis?
What are Isotopes?
Research Design of Stable Isotope Projects
Case Study: Archaeological Research Questions with Stable Isotope Data
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References
Molecular Methods
Introduction
Genetics and Genomics
Genetics in Anthropology
Incorporating Genetics Into Anthropological Research: What do I Need to Know?
Degraded DNA
Case Study: Setting Up a Degraded DNA Analysis
Case Study: The Trials and Tribulations of DNA Research in Practice
Application of DNA Analysis to Long-Standing Anthropological Inquiries into Human Variation, its Pattern, and its Explanation
Future Research Opportunities
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References
Completing and Cultivating the Scientific Process
Library Research, Presenting, and Publishing
Introduction
Library and Database Research
Searching and Obtaining Outside Sources of Funding
Giving a Presentation
Publishing
Case Study: The First Rib and the Photographs
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References
Suggested Reading
Future Research Considerations in Human Skeletal Biology
Recommendations for Developing Your Aptitude as a Scholar
Trends in Human Skeletal Biology
Important Considerations
Vision Towards The Future
Acknowledgments
References
Glossary
Index

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