Handbook of Multicultural Mental Health Assessment and Treatment of Diverse Populations

ISBN-10: 0121993701

ISBN-13: 9780121993702

Edition: 2000

List price: $139.00
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Description: Clinicians and mental health practitioners are regularly called upon to treat patients of diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds. Not only do these patients differ from Anglos in culture and language, but also in customs, beliefs, values, and practices. Understanding these differences is vital to performing an accurate diagnosis/assessment of psychopathology as well as in determining an effective treatment regimen. This book provides vital information to clinicians worldwide in bettering their treatment of diverse populations. Each chapter identifies relevant cultural variables specific to each racial/ethnic group, along with ethnocultural measures and their relevant psychometric properties. Part 1 presents introductory material on the definition of mental illness and pathological behavior in differing cultures, epidemiological data on the prevalence of different disorders between differing population groups, culture specific beliefs (e.g. hexes), and the influence of culture on treatment. Part 2 discusses assessment issues including how specific measures (Rorschach, MMPI, etc.) are best interpreted with different population groups, and the existence and use of ethnocultural specific measures. Part 3 discusses assessment and treatment of specific population groups (e.g., Indians, Asians, Latinos, etc.).

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Book details

List price: $139.00
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 3/16/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 486
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Contributors
Preface
Overview Theory, Models, and Demographics
Culture and Mental Health: An Introduction and Overview of Foundations, Concepts, and Issues
Introduction
Overview of Culture and Mental Health Questions, Concepts, and Issues
References
Cultural Models of Health and Illness
Culture and Meaning
Social Differentiation and Culture
Objectivity and Subjectivity
The Role of Culture in Health and Illness
Schemata and Cognitive Processes
Psyche and Soma: The Mind-Body Distinction in Western Medicine
Culture, Emotion, and Health
Cultural versus Psychological Determinism
A New Cultural Public Health
References
Acculturation and Mental Health: Ecological Transactional Relations of Adjustment
Introduction
Culture Defined
Acculturation Defined
Acculturation Processes
Culture and Mental Health
Modes of Acculturation
Culture Conflict
Acculturative Stress
Acculturation and Psychological Adjustment
Acculturation and Clinical Manifestations of Illness
Empirical Findings of Acculturation and Mental Health
Ecological Interventions in Mental Health
References
Gender as Subculture: The First Division of Multicultural Diversity
Key Terms and Definitions
Types of Gender-Role Conflict among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups
Implications of Gender-Role Conflict for Assessment and Treatment of Mental Health and Adjustment Issues
Summary and Conclusions
References
Multicultural Demographic Developments: Current and Future Trends
Introduction
Hispanic Americans
American Indians
African Americans
Asian Americans
Conclusions
References
Methodology
Culture and Methodology in Personality Assessment
Eurocentric Bias: Reality Construction and a Belief System Undergirding Research
Bias in Standard Psychological Tests
Discussion
Peroration
References
Test Translation and Cultural Equivalence Methodologies for Use with Diverse Populations
Introduction
Guidelines of the International Test Commission
Linguistic Equivalence
Item and Scale Equivalence
Normative Equivalence
Technical Equivalence
Clinical Equivalence
Reliability and Validity of Translated Tests
Methodology Illustrations for Translated Tests
Conclusions
References
Assessment and Treatment
Culture-Bound Syndromes, Cultural Variations, and Psychopathology
Adjustment Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Attention-Deficit and Disruptive Disorders
Delusional Disorders
Dissociative Disorders
Eating Disorders
Mental Retardation and Learning Disorders
Mood Disorders
Personality Disorders
Pica and Selective Mutism
Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
Sexual Dysfunctions and Paraphilias
Sleep Disorders
Somatoform Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Difficulties in Distinguishing Psychopathology from Culture-Related Conditions
Guidelines to Distinguish Psychopathology from Culture-Related Conditions
DSM-IV Cultural Variations and Culturally Sensitive V-Codes
DSM-IV Outline for Cultural Formulation
A Final Thought
References
Assessing and Treating Asian Americans: Recent Advances
Introduction
Phenomenology of Distress
Preparation: A Guide to Approaching the Literature
Cultural Assessment
Treatment
Conclusion
References
Mental Health Assessment and Treatment of African Americans: A Multicultural Perspective
Sociodemographic Description
Mental Health Needs
Multicultural Assessment and Treatment Practices
Conclusions about Multicultural Assessment and Treatment Practices for African Americans
References
Assessing and Treating Latinos: Overview of Research
Learning from the Past
Current Models
Moving beyond Stereotypes
Latino Cultural Self-Construal
Assessing the Cultural Being
Culturally Approved Illness Manifestation
Service Utilization
Where Do We Go from Here?
Conclusion
References
Assessing and Treating American Indians and Alaska Natives
General Factors That Might Impact Assessment and Treatment
Specific Assessment and Treatment Suggestions
Conclusion
References
Multicultural Issues in Treating Clients with HIV/AIDS from the African American, American Indian, Asian, and Hispanic Populations
The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS
Multicultural Issues across Culturally Diverse Clients with HIV/AIDS
Summary and Additional Thoughts
References
The History, Current Status, and Future of Multicultural Psychotherapy
Cultural Considerations in Traditional Theories
Multicultural Counseling and Supervision Competencies
Universal versus Culture-Specific Debate
A Multicultural Metatheory
Four Multicultural Approaches
The Multicultural Worldview: The Future of Multicultural Psychotherapy
The Multicultural Psychotherapist as Social Engineer
Research Considerations in the Advancement of Multicultural Psychotherapy
Conclusion
References
Conducting the Cross-Cultural Clinical Interview
Introduction and General Considerations
Warm-up and Screening
Follow-up on Preliminary Impressions
Diagnosis and Feedback
Prognosis and Treatment
Conclusion
References
The Mental Health of Culturally Diverse Elderly: Research and Clinical Issues
Who Are the Minority Elderly?
Factors Influencing the Mental Health of All Older Adults
Factors Unique to Older Minorities
Special Problems for Research and Clinical Care
Critical Mental Disorders among Older Adults
Summary
References
Race, Ethnicity, and the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders in Adults
Introduction
Studies Prior to the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study
Diagnostic Community Surveys
Issues Likely to Influence Rates Used in Ethnic Comparisons
References
Depression and Suicidal Behaviors among Adolescents: The Role of Ethnicity
Ethnicity and Adolescent Depression
Ethnicity and Adolescent Suicide Behaviors
Ethnicity as an Etiologic Agent
Conclusions
References
Culturally Competent Use of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 with Minorities
To What Extent Is the MMPI-2 Used with American Ethnic Minorities?
What Are the Trends of MMPI-2 Research with Minorities?
What Types of Research Still Need to Be Considered with the MMPI-2?
What Defines a Culturally Competent Approach with the MMPI-2?
Case Studies with the MMPI-2
Concluding Remarks
References
Neuropsychological Assessment of Ethnic Minorities: Clinical Issues
Objectives and Development of a Culturally Sensitive Clinical Neuropsychology
Neuropsychological Evaluation of the Culturally Dissimilar Person
Future Perspectives in the Assessment of Culturally Dissimilar Patients
Conclusion
References
Training in Cultural Competence
Limitations of the Multicultural Approach to Psychotherapy with Diverse Clients
Minority Clients' Race or Ethnicity Is Necessarily Related to the Presenting Problem
Non-White Cultures Are Infallible
Race and Ethnicity Are Stronger Predictors of Behavior Than Social Class
In a Multicultural Therapy Situation, Therapists Are White and Clients are Non-White Minorities
Racism and Prejudice Are Unique Characteristics of White Therapists
Psychology Is Irrelevant to "Minorities"
Conclusion
References
Responding to the Challenge: Preparing Mental Health Professionals for the New Millennium
Demographic Trends of the United States
Etic and Emic Approaches to Multicultural Clinical Services
Commonalities among Diversities
Specific Multicultural Curriculum and Training Issues
Concluding Remarks
References
Index
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