Analyzing Moral Issues

ISBN-10: 0078038448

ISBN-13: 9780078038440

Edition: 6th 2013

Authors: Judith Boss

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Analyzing Moral Issuespresents a variety of timely and interesting moral issues through lively introductions and primary source selections. This text, with readings, covers a broad range of ethical perspectives, among them virtue ethics (Aristotelian and Confucian), Buddhist and feminist care ethics, and the Rawlsian and communitarian approaches. The sixth edition includes coverage of the latest current events like the Occupy Wall Street movement, the assassination of Osama bin Laden, anti-war protests at the funerals of fallen soldiers, the Great Recession and more.
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Book details

List price: $131.68
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Publication date: 9/10/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 736
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 4.048
Language: English

Judith A. Boss earned her PhD in 1990 from Boston University, her MA from Dalhousie University in Canada in 1971, and her BA from the University of Western Australia in 1969. Prior to pursing a career in academia, she worked as a writer/researcher for the Nova Scotia Museum. She was on the faculty of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Rhode Island from 1988 to 1995 and worked as Assistant Director of Curriculum Affairs at Brown University School of Medicine until 2004, when she "retired" to return to full-time writing. She remained at Brown University as a visiting scholar with the philosophy department for several years while working on her textbooks. In addition to her philosophical interests, she completed a MS in Human Development at URI in 1991 and has led faculty workshops and written extensively on the topic of college student development. She was recipient of a URI Foundation Grant to study the effects of community service learning on students' moral development and has served as a grant application reviewer for the Corporation for National Service. The author of nine books, her publications include ANALYZING MORAL ISSUES and ETHICS FOR LIFE, both with McGraw-Hill. Her textbook THiNK, also with McGraw-Hill, just came out in 2009. She is published in, among other, The Journal of Moral Education, Public Affairs Quarterly, The Journal of Medical Ethics, Academic Medicine, Educational Theory, Free Inquiry, and The Journal of Experiential Education. During her spare time she volunteers with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services and is active in the Appalachian Mountain Club. An avid traveler, she has traveled with students from the University of Rhode Island and Brown Medical School to work with underserved, indigenous people in Guatemala and Mexico. Her favorite travel destination, however, is Antarctica, and Blue Ice, a suspense/thriller she wrote that is set in Antarctica, is coming out in print next year. She lives in Rhode Island with her daughter, son-in-law and twin granddaughters.

Preface
Introduction to Moral Philosophy
Moral Theory
Moral Philosophy
What Is the Purpose of Moral Theories?
The Types of Moral Theories
Relativism in Ethics
Moving Beyond Ethical Relativism
Morality and Religion
Universal Moral Theories
Ethical Egoism
Utilitarianism
Deontology: The Ethics of Duty
Rights-Based Ethics
Virtue Ethics
Conclusion
Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics
The Fountainhead
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
Utilitarianism
Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Ethics
A Theory of Justice
Two Treatises of Civil Government
Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education
Confucius, from The Analects
"The Five Mindfulness Trainings"
Abortion
Background
The History of Abortion in the United States
The U.S. Supreme Court Roe v. Wade Decision
Abortion and Religion
Methods of Abortion
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"A Defense of Abortion"
"An Almost Absolute Value in History"
"The Moral Significance of Birth"
"Why Abortion Is Immoral"
"Refuse to Choose: Women Deserve Better Than Abortion"
Case Studies
Genetic Engineering, Cloning, and Stem Cell Research
The History of Genetic Engineering
The Human Genome Project
Genetic Engineering
Cloning
Stem Cell Research
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"Genetic Interventions and the Ethics of Enhancement of Human Beings"
"Designer Babies: The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering"
"Human Cloning: Ethical and Social Issues"
"The Wisdom of Repugnance: Why We Should Ban the Cloning of Humans"
"The Pros and Cons of Gene Patents"
"Statement in Support of H.R. 810, the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act"
Case Studies
Analyzing Moral Issues
Euthanasia
What Is Euthanasia?
The Philosophers on Euthanasia
The Contemporary Debate over Euthanasia
Euthanasia Legislation
Physician-Assisted Suicide
The Hospice Movement
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"Active and Passive Euthanasia"
"The Case for Euthanasia"
"The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia"
"Is There a Duty to Die?"
"A Feminist Critique of Physician-Assisted Suicide"
Case Studies
The Death Penalty
History of the Death Penalty
The Death Penalty Today
The Death Penalty: Juvenile and Mentally Retarded Offenders
The Medicalization of Executions
DNA Testing
The Philosophers on the Death Penalty
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment"
"Punishment and Loss of Moral Standing"
"Capital Punishment"
"Why the Death Penalty Should Be Abolished in the United States"
"Would Jesus Pull the Switch?"
Case Studies
Drug and Alcohol Use
What Is a Drug?
The History of Drug and Alcohol Use
Legal and Illegal Drugs
Drug and Alcohol Use Today
Drug and Alcohol Use Among College Students
Drugs in Sports
The Disease Model of Addiction
The Moral Model of Addiction
The Philosophers on Drug and Alcohol Abuse
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"The Ethics of Addiction"
"Against the Legalization of Drugs"
"A Moral Right to Use Drugs"
"Two Takes on the 21 Drinking Age"
"Drugs, Sports, and Ethics"
Case Studies
Sexual Intimacy and Marriage
Religious and Cultural Attitudes Toward Sexuality and Marriage
Sexual Intimacy and Love
Marriage
Homosexuality and Same-Sex Marriages
Cohabitation and Premarital Sex
The Philosophers on Sexuality and Marriage
Adultery and Infidelity
Sex and Violence
Prostitution and the Sex Trade
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"Declaration on Sexual Ethics"
"Better Sex"
"Is Homosexuality Bad Sexuality?"
Goodridge v. Department of Public Health (2003)
"Is Adultery Immoral?"
Case Studies
Feminism, Motherhood, and the Workplace
Feminism
The Philosophers on Women
Motherhood
Women in the Workplace
Sexual Harassment
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"Essentialist Challenges to Liberal Feminism"
"Homeward Bound"
"Women Are Never Front-Runners"
"The Logic of Patriarchy"
"Reckless Eyeballing: Sexual Harassment on Campus"
Case Studies
Freedom of Speech
What Is "Freedom of Speech"?
Limitations on Freedom of Speech
The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
Freedom of Speech in Cyberspace
Pornography
Hate Speech as Protected Speech
Speech Codes and Free Speech Zones on College Campuses
The Philosophers on Freedom of Speech
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
On Liberty
"Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech"
"If He Hollers Let Him Go: Regulating Racist Speech on Campus"
"Hate Speech and Pornography: Do We Have to Choose Between Freedom of Speech and Equality?"
"There's No Such Thing as Free Speech, and It's a Good Thing, Too"
"Political Correctness, Speech Codes, and Diversity"
"The First Amendment in Cyberspace"
Case Studies
Racial Discrimination and Global Justice
Defining the Key Terms
The Philosophers on Racism
The Roots of American Racism
Racism Today
Globalization, Immigration, and Racism
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"To Fulfill These Rights"
"The Color-Blind Principle"
"Race, Biology, and Justice"
"The Rights of Irregular Migrants"
"World Poverty and Human Rights"
Case Studies
War and Terrorism
Background
The Philosophers on War and Terrorism
The Just-War Tradition
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Pacifism and Conscription
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"War and Murder"
"War and Terrorism"
"Interpreting the Islamic Ethics of War and Peace"
"Nuclear Weapons, Ethics, Morals, and Law"
"The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights"
"Should Our Arsenal against Terrorism Include Assassination?"
"Sharing the Burden"
Case Studies
Animal Rights and Environmental Ethics
The Legal and Moral Status of Nonhuman Animals
The Legal and Moral Status of the Environment
The Philosophers on the Moral Value of Nonhuman Animals and the Environment
Animal Farming, Environmental Degradation, and Vegetarianism
Global Warming and Climate Change
Animal Experimentation
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism"
"Animal Rights Revisited"
Animal Liberation
"Do Animals Have Rights?"
"The Land Ethic"
"Deep Ecology"
"Climate Change and Moral Outrage"
"The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism, Revisited"
Case Studies
Glossary
Endnotes
Credits
Index
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