Laboratory Studies for Animal Diversity

ISBN-10: 0077345975
ISBN-13: 9780077345976
Edition: 6th 2012
List price: $127.33
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Description: Coral reefs are among the most diverse ecosystems on the planet; the reefs of the Raja Ampat Islands in Indonesia have over 500 coral species and 1300 fish species. The integrity of this complex ecosystem often depends on a balance of organisms.  More...

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Book details

List price: $127.33
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 12/8/2011
Binding: Comb Bound 
Pages: 320
Size: 9.00" wide x 11.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.716

Coral reefs are among the most diverse ecosystems on the planet; the reefs of the Raja Ampat Islands in Indonesia have over 500 coral species and 1300 fish species. The integrity of this complex ecosystem often depends on a balance of organisms. Damselfishes are one of the largest groups of reef fishes, both in number of species and total individuals. This group, which includes the orange-and-white anemonefishes, includes many attractive species that are popular among aquarium keepers. Many damselfishes are tightly linked to reef ecosystems, requiring live coral for food or shelter. Some damselfishes, like the blue-green damselfish (Chromis viridis) shown on the cover, consume zooplankton. Many are herbivorous, grazing on algae. Herbivorous damselfishes create dense patches of algae by killing the polyps of coral, which encourages mats of algae to grow on the coral skeletons. These "gardens" of algae, which provide habitat for many small invertebrates, are maintained and vigorously defended by the damselfises. One species is known to "weed" its gardens, selectively removing less desirable algae. Normally, herbivorous damselfishes do little harm to reefs, because their populations are kept in check by larger, predatory fishes. Unfortunately, the predators are highly prized by anglers; predatory fishes have severely declined in many locations from overfishing. Decline of predatory fishes subsequendy allowed populations of "gardening" damselfishes to increase, jeopardizing the health of coral reefs. Scientists and the public continue to be fascinated by the complex behaviors of damselfishes, many of which are still being discovered.

Cleve Hickman is Professor Emeritus at Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA. He received his Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of British Columbia, did research in animal physiology for eight years, and taught zoology for over 30 years. He's made over 20 trips to the Galapagos Islands for research and as an instructor for student field trips

Preface
laboratory safety procedures
general instructions
statements on the use of living and preserved animals in the zoology laboratory
Activity of Life
Ecological Relationships of Animals
A Study of population Growth, with Application of the Scientific Method
Introduction to Animal Classification
Phylogeny Reconstruction-How to Make a Cladogram
Use of a Taxonomic Key for Animal Identification
The Diversity of Animal Life
The Microscope
Compound Light Microscope
Sterescopic Dissecting Microscope
Protozoan Groups
Phylum Amoebozoa-Amoeba and Others
Phyla Euglenozoa and plantae, Class Viridiplantae-Euglena, Trypanosoma, and Volvox
Phylum Apicomplexa-Gregarina and Plasmodium
Phylum Ciliophora-Paramecium and Other Ciliates
Classification: Protozoa
Experimenting in Zoology: Effect of Temperature on the Locomotor Activity of Stentor
The Sponges
Class Calcarea-Sycon
Classification: Phylum Porifera
The Radiate Animals
Class Hydrozoa Hydra, Obelia, and Gonionemus
Class Scyphozoa Aurelia, a "True" Jellyfish
Class Anthozoa Metridium, a Sea Anemone, and Astrangia, a stony Coral
Classification: Phylum Cnidaria
Experimenting in Zoology: Predator Functional Response: Feeding Rate in Hydra
The Flatworms
Class Turbellaria-Planarians
Class Trematoda-Digentic Flukes
Class Cestoda-Tapeworms
Classification: Phylum Platyheminthes
Experimenting in Zoology: Planaria Regeneration Experiment
Nematodes and Four Small Protostome Phyla
Phylum Nematoda-Ascaris and Others
A Brief Look at Some Other Protostomes
The Molluscs
Class Bivalvia(=Pelecypoda)-Freshwater Clams
Class Gastropoda-Pulmonate Land Snail
Class Cephalopoda-Loligo, the Squid
Classification: Phylum Mollusca
The Annelids
Class Polychaeta-Clamworms
Class Oligochaeta-Earthworms
Class Hirudinida-Leeches
Classification: Phylum Annelida
Experimenting in Zoology: Behavior of Medicinal Leeches, Hirudo medicinalis
The Chelicerate Arthropods
The Chelicerate Arthropods-Horeshoe Crab and Garden Spider
Classification: Phylum arthropoda
The Crustacean Arthropods
Subphylum Crustacea-Crayfish, Lobsters, and Other Crustaceans
Experimenting in Zoology: The phototacting Behavior of Dapbria
The Arthropods
Myriapods-Centipedes and Millipedes
Insects-Grasshopper and honeybee
Insects-House Cricket
Collection and Classification of Insects
The Echinoderms
Class Asteroidea-Sea Stars
Class Ophiuroidea-Brittle Stars
Class Echinoidea-Sea Urchins
Class Holothuroidea-Sea Cucumbers
Classification: Phylum Echinodermata
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Urochordata-Ciona, an Ascidian
Subphylum Cephalochordata-Amphioxus
Classification: Phylum Chordata
The Fishes
Class Petromyzontida-Lampreys (Adult and Ammocoete Larva)
Class Chondrichthyes-Cartilaginous Fishes
Class Actinopterygii-Bony Fishes
Experimenting in Zoology: Agonistic Behavior in Paradise Fish Macropodus Opercularis
Experimenting in Zoology: Analysis of the Multiple Hemoglobin System in Carassius auratus, the Common Goldfish
Class Amphibia
Behavior and Adoptions
Skeleton
Skeltal Muscles
Digestive, Respiratory, and Urogenital Systems
Circilatory System
The Nonavian Reptiles
Painted Turtle
The Birds
Pigeon
The Mammals
Skeleton
Muscular System
Digestive System
Urogential System
Circulatory System
Instructor's Resources for Implementing Exercises
Sources of Living Material and Prepared Microslides
Credits
Index

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