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Introduction | |

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Why study physics? | |

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Talking physics | |

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The use of mathematics | |

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Scientific notation and significant figures | |

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Units | |

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Dimensional analysis | |

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Problem-solving techniques | |

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Approximation | |

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Graphs | |

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Mechanics | |

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Motion Along a Line | |

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Understanding motion | |

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Position and displacement | |

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Velocity: rate of change of position | |

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Acceleration: rate of change of velocity | |

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Motion along a line with a constant acceleration | |

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Visualizing motion along a line with a constant acceleration | |

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Free fall | |

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Motion in a Plane | |

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Graphical addition and subtraction of vectors | |

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Vector addition and subtraction using components | |

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Velocity | |

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Acceleration | |

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Motion in a plane with constant acceleration | |

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Velocity is relative; reference frames | |

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Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion | |

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Force | |

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Inertia and equilibrium: Newton’s first law of motion | |

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Net force, mass, and acceleration: Newton’s second law of motion | |

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Interaction pairs: Newton’s third law of motion | |

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Gravitational forces | |

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Contact forces | |

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Tension | |

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Applying Newton’s second law | |

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Reference frames | |

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Apparent weight | |

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Air resistance | |

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Fundamental forces | |

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Circular Motion | |

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Description of uniform circular motion | |

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Centripetal acceleration | |

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Banked curves | |

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Circular orbits | |

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Nonuniform circular motion | |

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Angular acceleration | |

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Artificial gravity | |

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Conservation of Energy | |

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The law of conservation of energy | |

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Work done by a constant force | |

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Kinetic energy | |

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Gravitational potential energy (1) | |

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Gravitational potential energy (2) | |

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Work done by variable forces: Hooke’s Law | |

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Elastic potential energy | |

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Power | |

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Linear Momentum | |

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A vector conservation law | |

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Momentum | |

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The impulse-momentum theorem | |

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Conservation of momentum | |

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Center of mass | |

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Motion of the center of mass | |

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Collisions in one dimension | |

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Collisions in two dimensions | |

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Torque and Angular Momentum | |

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Rotational kinetic energy and rotational inertia | |

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Torque | |

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Work done by a torque | |

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Equilibrium revisited | |

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Equilibrium in the human body | |

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Rotational form of Newton’s second law | |

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The dynamics of rolling objects | |

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Angular momentum | |

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The vector nature of angular momentum | |

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Fluids | |

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States of matter | |

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Pressure | |

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Pascal''s principle | |

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The effect of gravity on fluid pressure | |

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Measuring pressure | |

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Archimedes'' principle | |

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Fluid flow | |

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Bernoulli''s equation | |

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Viscosity | |

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Viscous drag | |

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Surface tension | |

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Elasticity and Oscillations | |

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Elastic deformations of solids | |

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Hooke''s law for tensile and compressive forces | |

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Beyond Hooke''s law | |

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Shear and volume deformations | |

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Simple harmonic motion | |

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The period and frequency for SHM | |

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Graphical analysis of SHM | |

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The pendulum | |

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Damped oscillations | |

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Forced oscillations and resonance | |

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Waves | |

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Waves and energy transport | |

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Transverse and longitudinal waves | |

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Speed of transverse waves on a string | |

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Periodic waves | |

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Mathematical description of a wave | |

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Graphing waves | |

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Principle of superposition | |

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Reflection and refraction | |

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Interference and diffraction | |

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Standing waves | |

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Sound | |

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Sound waves | |

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The speed of sound waves | |

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Amplitude and intensity of sound waves | |

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Standing sound waves | |

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The human ear | |

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Timbre | |

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Beats | |

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The Doppler effect | |

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Shock waves | |

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Echolocation and medical imaging | |

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Thermal Physics | |

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Temperature and the Ideal Gas | |

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Temperature | |

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Temperature scales | |

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Thermal expansion of solids and liquids | |

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Molecular picture of a gas | |

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Absolute temperature and the ideal gas law | |

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Kinetic theory of the ideal gas | |

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Temperature and reaction rates | |

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Collisions between gas molecules | |

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Heat | |

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Internal energy | |

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Heat | |

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Heat capacity and specific heat | |

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Specific heat of ideal gases | |

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Phase transitions | |

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Conduction | |

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Convection | |

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Radiation | |

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Thermodynamics | |

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The first law of thermodynamics | |

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Thermodynamic processes | |

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Thermodynamic processes for an ideal gas | |

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Reversible and irreversible processes | |

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Heat engines | |

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Refrigerators and heat pumps | |

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Reversible engines and heat pumps | |

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Details of the Carnot cycle | |

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Entropy | |

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Statistical interpretation of entropy | |

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The third law of thermodynamics | |

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Electromagnetism | |

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Electric Forces and Fields | |

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Electric charge | |

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Conductors and insulators | |

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Coulomb’s law | |

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The electric field | |

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Motion of a point charge in a uniform electric field | |

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Conductors in electrostatic equilibrium | |

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Gauss''s law for electric fields | |

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Electric Potential | |

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Electric potential energy | |

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Electric potential | |

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The relationship between electric field and potential | |

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Conservation of energy for moving charges | |

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Capacitors | |

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Dielectrics | |

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Energy stored in a capacitor | |

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Electric Current and Circuits | |

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Electric current | |

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Emf and circuits | |

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Microscopic view of current in a metal | |

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Resistance and resistivity | |

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Kirchoff’s rules | |

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Series and parallel circuits | |

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Circuit analysis using Kirchoff’s rules | |

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Power and energy in circuits | |

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Measuring currents and voltages | |

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RC circuits | |

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Electrical safety | |

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Magnetic Forces and Fields | |

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Magnetic fields | |

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Magnetic force on a point charge | |

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Charged particle moving perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field | |

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Motion of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field: general | |

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A charged particle in crossed E and B fields | |

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Magnetic force on a current-carrying wire | |

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Torque on a current loop | |

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Magnetic field due to an electric current | |

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Ampï¿½re’s law | |

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Magnetic materials | |

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Electromagnetic Induction | |

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Motional Emf | |

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Electric generators | |

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Faraday''s law | |

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Lenz''s law | |

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Back Emf in a motor | |

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Transformers | |

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Eddy currents | |

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Induced electric fields | |

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Mutual and self-inductance | |

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LR circuits | |

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Alternating Current | |

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Sinusoidal currents and voltages; resistors in AC circuits | |

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Electricity in the home | |

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Capacitors in AC circuits | |

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Inductors in AC circuits | |

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RLC series circuit | |

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Resonance in an RLC circuit | |

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Converting AC to DC; filters | |

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Electromagnetic Waves And Optics | |

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Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Accelerating charges produce electromagnetic waves | |

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Maxwell’s equations | |

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Antennas | |

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The electromagnetic spectrum | |

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Speed of EM waves in vacuum and in matter | |

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Characteristics of electromagnetic waves in vacuum | |

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Energy transport by EM waves | |

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Polarization | |

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The Doppler effect for EM waves | |

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Reflection and Refraction of Light | |

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Wavefronts, rays, and Huygens’ principle | |

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The reflection of light | |

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The refraction of light: Snell’s law | |

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Tota | |